How to format your references using the Annual Review of Biophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Biophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jerrett M. 2015. Atmospheric science: The death toll from air-pollution sources. Nature. 525(7569):330–31
A journal article with 2 authors
Kruse E, Agol E. 2014. KOI-3278: a self-lensing binary star system. Science. 344(6181):275–77
A journal article with 3 authors
Pavlov P, Svendsen JI, Indrelid S. 2001. Human presence in the European Arctic nearly 40,000 years ago. Nature. 413(6851):64–67
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schueler MG, Higgins AW, Rudd MK, Gustashaw K, Willard HF. 2001. Genomic and genetic definition of a functional human centromere. Science. 294(5540):109–15

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kumar V, Petersen JA. 2012. Statistical Methods in Customer Relationship Management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Tan CM. 2013. Electromigration Modeling at Circuit Layout Level. Singapore: Springer. IX, 103 p. 75 illus., 2 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Claeskens G, Pircalabelu E, Waldorp L. 2015. Constructing Graphical Models via the Focused Information Criterion. In Modeling and Stochastic Learning for Forecasting in High Dimensions, ed A Antoniadis, J-M Poggi, X Brossat, pp. 55–78. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Biophysics.

Blog post
Fang J. 2014. Zombifying Fungus Recognizes the Brain of its Favorite Host. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Research and Development Programs With Regard to Short-Term Weather Phenomena. B-100063, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martin LK. 2016. Norway leads the world in gender equality and work-life balance: A qualitative life course study of Norwegian women. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B. 2016. For a Second Time This Year, Rio Defies the Odds. New York Times, Sep. 8, p. B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (2, 4, 6, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Biophysics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Biophys.
ISSN (print)1936-122X
ISSN (online)1936-1238
Cell Biology
Structural Biology

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