How to format your references using the Annual Review of Biophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Biophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerp H. 2002. Atmospheric CO2 from fossil plant cuticles. Nature. 415(6867):38
A journal article with 2 authors
Benefit BR, McCrossin ML. 2015. EVOLUTION. A window into ape evolution. Science. 350(6260):515–16
A journal article with 3 authors
Roditi HA, Fisher NS, Sañudo-Wilhelmy SA. 2000. Uptake of dissolved organic carbon and trace elements by zebra mussels. Nature. 407(6800):78–80
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nef S, Verma-Kurvari S, Merenmies J, Vassalli J-D, Efstratiadis A, et al. 2003. Testis determination requires insulin receptor family function in mice. Nature. 426(6964):291–95

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Staudt G. 2001. Experimentalphysik. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
An edited book
Jin D, Lin S, eds. 2012. Advances in Mechanical and Electronic Engineering: Volume 1, Vol. 176. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. XVIII, 622 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Malaval P, Bénaroya C, Aflalo J. 2014. Market Segmentation and Positioning. In Aerospace Marketing Management: A Handbook for the Entire Value Chain, ed C Bénaroya, J Aflalo, pp. 123–56. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Biophysics.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. This Robot is Going to 3D-Print a Steel Bridge. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Transportation Infrastructure: Supplemental Information on the Federal Highway Administration’s Project Selection Process for Five Discretionary Programs. RCED-98-179R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim CS. 2017. Electronic Transport of Thin Crystals in Ruthenium Chloride. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky L. 2007. Hotel Rooms Become Overnight Stars. New York Times, July 8, p. AR22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).
This sentence cites four references (3, 4, 7, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Biophysics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Biophys.
ISSN (print)1936-122X
ISSN (online)1936-1238
Cell Biology
Structural Biology

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