How to format your references using the Annual Review of Biophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Biophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vinogradov AE. 2004. Testing genome complexity. Science. 304(5669):389–90; author reply 389-90
A journal article with 2 authors
Yin H, Lin H. 2007. An epigenetic activation role of Piwi and a Piwi-associated piRNA in Drosophila melanogaster. Nature. 450(7167):304–8
A journal article with 3 authors
Haerizadeh F, Singh MB, Bhalla PL. 2006. Transcriptional repression distinguishes somatic from germ cell lineages in a plant. Science. 313(5786):496–99
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nakanishi K, Bonnefond L, Kimura S, Suzuki T, Ishitani R, Nureki O. 2009. Structural basis for translational fidelity ensured by transfer RNA lysidine synthetase. Nature. 461(7267):1144–48

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kühn V. 2006. Wireless Communications over MIMO Channels. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Ahmad MI, Ismail M, Riffat S, eds. 2016. Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technologies for Building and Environmental Applications: Options for a Greener Future. Cham: Springer International Publishing. XV, 252 p. 68 illus., 32 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Tisdell C. 2009. Complex Policy Choices Regarding Agricultural Externalities: Efficiency, Equity and Acceptability. In Institutions and Sustainability: Political Economy of Agriculture and the Environment - Essays in Honour of Konrad Hagedorn, ed V Beckmann, M Padmanabhan, pp. 83–106. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Biophysics.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Can You Be Allergic To Your Wi-Fi? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Higher Education: Students Have Increased Borrowing and Working to Help Pay Higher Tuitions. HEHS-98-63, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baxter VP. 2013. Communitarian Leadership Practice Acquisition in Educational Leadership Preparation. Doctoral dissertation thesis. George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kwak J. 2017. Getting Away With It. New York Times, July 5, p. BR10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (4, 6–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Biophysics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Biophys.
ISSN (print)1936-122X
ISSN (online)1936-1238
Cell Biology
Structural Biology

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