How to format your references using the Annual Review of Biophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Biophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ward MD. 2003. Materials science. Molecular fuel tanks. Science. 300(5622):1104–5
A journal article with 2 authors
Milinski M, Rockenbach B. 2007. Economics. Spying on others evolves. Science. 317(5837):464–65
A journal article with 3 authors
Du M, Wang Z, Hu H. 2013. Measuring memory with the order of fractional derivative. Sci. Rep. 3:3431
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Antson AA, Burns JE, Moroz OV, Scott DJ, Sanders CM, et al. 2000. Structure of the intact transactivation domain of the human papillomavirus E2 protein. Nature. 403(6771):805–9

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Worth SM. 2010. The Association Guide to Going Global. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cai Z, Wang C, Cheng S, Wang H, Gao H, eds. 2014. Wireless Algorithms, Systems, and Applications: 9th International Conference, WASA 2014, Harbin, China, June 23-25, 2014. Proceedings, Vol. 8491. Cham: Springer International Publishing. XVI, 807 p. 342 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Ohbayashi M, Manzouri B, Morohoshi K, Fukuda K, Ono SJ. 2010. The Role of Histamine in Ocular Allergy. In Histamine in Inflammation, ed RL Thurmond, pp. 43–52. Boston, MA: Springer US

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Biophysics.

Blog post
Hale T. 2017. Japanese Mission To Clean Up Space Junk Ends In Total Failure. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Grant Administration: Implementation of National Endowment for the Arts Reauthorization Act. GGD-91-102FS, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ogawa N. 2012. A Man Walks into the World. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grimes W. 2016. Nina Ponomareva, Winner of Historic Gold, Dies at 87. New York Times, Aug. 24, p. B7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).
This sentence cites four references (5–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Biophysics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Biophys.
ISSN (print)1936-122X
ISSN (online)1936-1238
Cell Biology
Structural Biology

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