How to format your references using the Mechanics of Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mechanics of Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cavanagh, P., 2005. The artist as neuroscientist. Nature 434, 301–307.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rivenbark, A.G., Strahl, B.D., 2007. Molecular biology. Unlocking cell fate. Science 318, 403–404.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bryden, H.L., Longworth, H.R., Cunningham, S.A., 2005. Slowing of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 25 degrees N. Nature 438, 655–657.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Smith, J.D., Cappa, C.D., Wilson, K.R., Messer, B.M., Cohen, R.C., Saykally, R.J., 2004. Energetics of hydrogen bond network rearrangements in liquid water. Science 306, 851–853.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maksoud, M.A., 2017. Quick Reference to Dental Implant Surgery. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Alpay, D., Kirstein, B. (Eds.), 2015. Recent Advances in Inverse Scattering, Schur Analysis and Stochastic Processes: A Collection of Papers Dedicated to Lev Sakhnovich, Operator Theory: Advances and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kizza, J.M., 2009. Computer Network Vulnerabilities, in: Kizza, J.M. (Ed.), A Guide to Computer Network Security. Springer, London, pp. 89–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mechanics of Materials.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Risk Of Cancer Increases With Height [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Essential Air Service: Changes in Passenger Traffic, Subsidy Levels, and Air Carrier Costs (No. T-RCED-00-185). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cardillo-Geller, L., 2010. Renegotiating relationships, patterns of grief and experiences of support: An examination of mothers’ relationships with their daughters following daughters’ loss of a husband in the September 11 th, 2001 World Trade Center attacks (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Garner, D., 2017. The Cold War Heats Up Again. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cavanagh, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Cavanagh, 2005; Rivenbark and Strahl, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rivenbark and Strahl, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Smith et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleMechanics of Materials
AbbreviationMech. Mater.
ISSN (print)0167-6636
ScopeMechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

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