How to format your references using the Mechanics of Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mechanics of Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rizo, J., 2012. Cell biology. Staging membrane fusion. Science 337, 1300–1301.
A journal article with 2 authors
Singh, S.C., Macdonald, K.C., 2009. Mantle skewness and ridge segmentation. Nature 458, E11-2; author reply E12-3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yan, S., Huse, D.A., White, S.R., 2011. Spin-liquid ground state of the S = 1/2 kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet. Science 332, 1173–1176.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, K., Eres, G., Howe, J., Chuang, Y.-J., Li, X., Gu, Z., Zhang, L., Xie, S., Pan, Z., 2013. Self-assembly of graphene on carbon nanotube surfaces. Sci. Rep. 3, 2353.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wells, A.R., Chiang, K., 2017. Monetizing Your Data. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Jeng, B.H. (Ed.), 2014. Advances in Medical and Surgical Cornea: From Diagnosis to Procedure, Essentials in Ophthalmology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, K.W., 2011. A Study of Peer Discourse in Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning Environment, in: Leung, H., Popescu, E., Cao, Y., Lau, R.W.H., Nejdl, W. (Eds.), Advances in Web-Based Learning - ICWL 2011: 10th International Conference, Hong Kong, China, December 8-10, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 31–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mechanics of Materials.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Brains Work Via Their Genes Just As Much As Their Neurons [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1983. Poor Design and Management Hamper Army’s Basic Skills Education Program (No. FPCD-83-19). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Giuseffi, F.G., 2014. Investigation of the Influence of the Socratic Method on Leadership Skills among JROTC Cadet Leaders at a Military Boarding School (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, J., 1977. COSMETIC LIB FOR MEN. New York Times The New York Times Magazine234.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rizo, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Rizo, 2012; Singh and Macdonald, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Singh and Macdonald, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMechanics of Materials
AbbreviationMech. Mater.
ISSN (print)0167-6636
ScopeMechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

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