How to format your references using the Mechanics of Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mechanics of Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
von Hippel, F.N., 2001. Energy. Plutonium and reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel. Science 293, 2397–2398.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schmittner, A., Galbraith, E.D., 2008. Glacial greenhouse-gas fluctuations controlled by ocean circulation changes. Nature 456, 373–376.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Z., Li, H., Sheng, Y., 2014. Effects of reciprocity on random walks in weighted networks. Sci. Rep. 4, 7460.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sigrist, S.J., Thiel, P.R., Reiff, D.F., Lachance, P.E., Lasko, P., Schuster, C.M., 2000. Postsynaptic translation affects the efficacy and morphology of neuromuscular junctions. Nature 405, 1062–1065.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hadjsaïd, N., Sabonnadière, J.-C., 2013. Power Systems and Restructuring. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Al-Khayri, J.M., Jain, S.M., Johnson, D.V. (Eds.), 2015. Date Palm Genetic Resources and Utilization: Volume 2: Asia and Europe. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Flint, D.J., Signori, P., Golicic, S.L., 2016. Innovation and Experimentation, in: Signori, P., Golicic, S.L. (Eds.), Contemporary Wine Marketing and Supply Chain Management: A Global Perspective. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp. 63–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mechanics of Materials.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2016. Rush Hour Traffic For Sharks Peaks Just After Dusk [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. Digests of Unpublished Decisions of the Comptroller General, Vol. III, No. 3 (No. 132675). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Howard, R., 2015. Aging well adult day care center (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwirtz, M., 2017. Rikers Inmate Spent Brief Escape Hiding in Bushes. New York Times A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (von Hippel, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Schmittner and Galbraith, 2008; von Hippel, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schmittner and Galbraith, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Sigrist et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleMechanics of Materials
AbbreviationMech. Mater.
ISSN (print)0167-6636
ScopeMechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

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