How to format your references using the Mechanics of Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mechanics of Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levitin, C., 2000. New Russian science head named. Nature 405, 601.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moran, N.A., Jarvik, T., 2010. Lateral transfer of genes from fungi underlies carotenoid production in aphids. Science 328, 624–627.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moon-van der Staay, S.Y., De Wachter, R., Vaulot, D., 2001. Oceanic 18S rDNA sequences from picoplankton reveal unsuspected eukaryotic diversity. Nature 409, 607–610.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lu, L., Jia, M., Ma, Y., Yang, L., Chen, Z., Ho, D.D., Jiang, Y., Zhang, L., 2008. The changing face of HIV in China. Nature 455, 609–611.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paultre, P., 2013. Dynamics of Structures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Käufl, H.U., Siebenmorgen, R., Moorwood, A.F.M. (Eds.), 2005. High Resolution Infrared Spectroscopy in Astronomy: Proceedings of an ESO Workshop Held at Garching, Germany, 18-21 November 2003, ESO Astrophysics Symposia. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Chesney, M., Gheyssens, J., Pana, A.C., Taschini, L., 2016. The Economics of Mitigation, in: Gheyssens, J., Pana, A.C., Taschini, L. (Eds.), Environmental Finance and Investments, Springer Texts in Business and Economics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 49–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mechanics of Materials.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. No, There Was No Special Facebook Live Feed From The ISS Today [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Army Reserve Officer Education (No. NSIAD-93-197R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mosher, L., 2008. The relationship between Christian literature and executive leader performance (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J., 2016. Once Ordered Removed, Statue Is Now Embraced by Church. New York Times A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Levitin, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Levitin, 2000; Moran and Jarvik, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moran and Jarvik, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Lu et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleMechanics of Materials
AbbreviationMech. Mater.
ISSN (print)0167-6636
ScopeMechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

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