How to format your references using the Fertility and Sterility citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fertility and Sterility. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wu S. State tomography via weak measurements. Sci Rep 2013;3:1193.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sanchez PA, Swaminathan MS. Public health. Cutting world hunger in half. Science 2005;307(5708):357–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lovejoy CO, Heiple KG, Meindl RS. Palaeoanthropology: Did our ancestors knuckle-walk? Nature 2001;410(6826):325–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hao B, Gong W, Ferguson TK, James CM, Krzycki JA, Chan MK. A new UAG-encoded residue in the structure of a methanogen methyltransferase. Science 2002;296(5572):1462–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chiasson AD. Geothermal Heat Pump and Heat Engine Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Huang D-S, Gan Y, Gupta P, Gromiha MM, editors. Advanced Intelligent Computing Theories and Applications. With Aspects of Artificial Intelligence: 7th International Conference, ICIC 2011, Zhengzhou, China, August 11-14, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Graham S. School Racial/Ethnic Diversity and Disparities in Mental Health and Academic Outcomes. In: Carlo G, Crockett LJ, Carranza MA, editors. Health Disparities in Youth and Families: Research and Applications. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. p. 73–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fertility and Sterility.

Blog post
Andrew E. Lips are the Most Exposed Erogenous Zone, Which Makes Kissing Feel Very Good [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Study of United States Government Wind Tunnels. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1954.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reese SR. Transitioning to the oboe: Methods and resources to assist in switching to the oboe from other woodwind instruments. 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon J. An Open Wound for Transgender African-Americans: ‘We’re Considered a Joke.’ New York Times. 2017;A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleFertility and Sterility
AbbreviationFertil. Steril.
ISSN (print)0015-0282
ISSN (online)1556-5653
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

Other styles