How to format your references using the Fertility and Sterility citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fertility and Sterility. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marder E. Moving rhythms. Nature 2001;410(6830):755.
A journal article with 2 authors
England PC, Katz RF. Global systematics of arc volcano position. Nature 2010;468(7325):E6-7; discussion E7-8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dotera T, Oshiro T, Ziherl P. Mosaic two-lengthscale quasicrystals. Nature 2014;506(7487):208–11.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Taira T, Silver PG, Niu F, Nadeau RM. Remote triggering of fault-strength changes on the San Andreas fault at Parkfield. Nature 2009;461(7264):636–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brodsky BS, Stanley B. The Dialectical Behavior Therapy Primer. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Berkovsky S, Freyne J, editors. Persuasive Technology: 8th International Conference, PERSUASIVE 2013, Sydney, NSW, Australia, April 3-5, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Dudgeon R. Emergency Medical Services. In: Wolfson N, Lerner A, Roshal L, editors. Orthopedics in Disasters: Orthopedic Injuries in Natural Disasters and Mass Casualty Events. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016. p. 29–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fertility and Sterility.

Blog post
Andrew E. Baby Sea Turtles Starved Of Oxygen By Beach Microbes [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Computers in Government: We Couldn’t Do Without Them. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maldonado A. Incorporating abilities awareness into a bullying prevention program. 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. Sea Dogs, G.I.s and Ballet Divas. New York Times. 2017;AR43.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleFertility and Sterility
AbbreviationFertil. Steril.
ISSN (print)0015-0282
ISSN (online)1556-5653
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

Other styles