How to format your references using the Fertility and Sterility citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fertility and Sterility. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon D. All systems go for neuroscience. Nature 2001;414(6860):4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Semmelhack JL, Wang JW. Select Drosophila glomeruli mediate innate olfactory attraction and aversion. Nature 2009;459(7244):218–23.
A journal article with 3 authors
Willbold M, Elliott T, Moorbath S. The tungsten isotopic composition of the Earth’s mantle before the terminal bombardment. Nature 2011;477(7363):195–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ozdamar B, Bose R, Barrios-Rodiles M, Wang H-R, Zhang Y, Wrana JL. Regulation of the polarity protein Par6 by TGFbeta receptors controls epithelial cell plasticity. Science 2005;307(5715):1603–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. Guidelines for Acquisition Evaluation and Post Merger Integration. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Moraglio A, Silva S, Krawiec K, Machado P, Cotta C, editors. Genetic Programming: 15th European Conference, EuroGP 2012, Málaga, Spain, April 11-13, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Söhnlein S, Saglietti F, Bitzer F, Meitner M, Baryschew S. Software Reliability Assessment Based on the Evaluation of Operational Experience. In: Müller-Clostermann B, Echtle K, Rathgeb EP, editors. Measurement, Modelling, and Evaluation of Computing Systems and Dependability and Fault Tolerance: 15th International GI/ITG Conference, MMB&DFT 2010, Essen, Germany, March 15-17, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 24–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fertility and Sterility.

Blog post
Andrew E. US Permits Arctic Drilling, But Questions About Safety Remain [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ADP Budget: Information on Two IRS Computer Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson BR. A correlational study: Parental involvement to student achievement in public education. 2009;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee L. The Multimedia Frank Gehry Now in Cardboard and on Film. New York Times. 2005;F3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleFertility and Sterility
AbbreviationFertil. Steril.
ISSN (print)0015-0282
ISSN (online)1556-5653
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

Other styles