How to format your references using the Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.R. Speakman, FTO effect on energy demand versus food intake, Nature. 464 (2010) E1; discussion E2.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Jaffe, S. Allam, POLYMER CHEMISTRY. Safer fuels by integrating polymer theory into design, Science. 350 (2015) 32.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Touboul, I.S. Puchtel, R.J. Walker, Tungsten isotopic evidence for disproportional late accretion to the Earth and Moon, Nature. 520 (2015) 530–533.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. van Stelten, F. Silva, D. Belin, T.J. Silhavy, Effects of antibiotics and a proto-oncogene homolog on destruction of protein translocator SecY, Science. 325 (2009) 753–756.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.G. Harrison, Meteorological Measurements and Instrumentation, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
P.G. Casazza, G. Kutyniok, eds., Finite Frames: Theory and Applications, Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Fu, W. Yu, C. Wu, B. Zhao, Z. Feng, NC-STP: A High Performance Network Coding Based Space Transport Protocol, in: Z. Cai, C. Wang, S. Cheng, H. Wang, H. Gao (Eds.), Wireless Algorithms, Systems, and Applications: 9th International Conference, WASA 2014, Harbin, China, June 23-25, 2014. Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 34–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing.

Blog post
D. Andrew, A New Brain-Warp Technique That Helps To Reconstruct Fossil Brains, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aging Aircraft: FAA Needs Comprehensive Plan to Coordinate Government and Industry Actions, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.M. Bathon, Examining the characteristics of school leaders and of local schools where Indiana educational leadership preparation programs place their graduates, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Detrick, Glamour and Virtue at Fashion Week Parties, New York Times. (2017) D12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMechanical Systems and Signal Processing
AbbreviationMech. Syst. Signal Process.
ISSN (print)0888-3270
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Signal Processing
Aerospace Engineering
Civil and Structural Engineering
Control and Systems Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

Other styles