How to format your references using the Aquaculture and Fisheries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquaculture and Fisheries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alerstam, T. (2006). Conflicting evidence about long-distance animal navigation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5788), 791–794.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raşa, M., & Philipse, A. P. (2004). Evidence for a macroscopic electric field in the sedimentation profiles of charged colloids. Nature, 429(6994), 857–860.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deng, L., Shangguan, Z.-P., & Sweeney, S. (2014). “Grain for Green” driven land use change and carbon sequestration on the Loess Plateau, China. Scientific Reports, 4, 7039.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jamora, C., DasGupta, R., Kocieniewski, P., & Fuchs, E. (2003). Links between signal transduction, transcription and adhesion in epithelial bud development. Nature, 422(6929), 317–322.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Battu, D. (2014). New Telecom Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tominaga, J. (2005). Optical Near-Field Recording: Science and Technology (T. Nakano, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Agarwal, N., Galan, M., Liu, H., & Subramanya, S. (2010). Clustering of Blog Sites Using Collective Wisdom. In A. Abraham, A.-E. Hassanien, & V. Sná¿el (Eds.), Computational Social Network Analysis: Trends, Tools and Research Advances (pp. 107–134). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquaculture and Fisheries.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 5). NASA’s HiRISE Camera Shows The Frosty Valleys Of Mars. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Telecommunications: Data Gathering Weaknesses In FCC’s Survey Of Information on Factors Underlying Cable Rate Changes (GAO-03-742T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Janice, J. (2017). Preschoolers’ Prosocial Responding to Social Others’ Distress [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by. (2006, March 16). Arts, Briefly; Kremlin Museum Grows. New York Times, E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alerstam, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Alerstam, 2006; Raşa & Philipse, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raşa & Philipse, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Deng et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Jamora et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquaculture and Fisheries
ISSN (print)2468-550X

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