How to format your references using the Aquaculture and Fisheries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquaculture and Fisheries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jan, E. (2015). Molecular biology: signals across domains of life. Nature, 519(7541), 40–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bundock, P., & Hooykaas, P. (2005). An Arabidopsis hAT-like transposase is essential for plant development. Nature, 436(7048), 282–284.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burkle, L. A., Marlin, J. C., & Knight, T. M. (2013). Plant-pollinator interactions over 120 years: loss of species, co-occurrence, and function. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6127), 1611–1615.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kloppenborg, B., Stencel, R., Monnier, J. D., Schaefer, G., Zhao, M., Baron, F., McAlister, H., Ten Brummelaar, T., Che, X., Farrington, C., Pedretti, E., Sallave-Goldfinger, P. J., Sturmann, J., Sturmann, L., Thureau, N., Turner, N., & Carroll, S. M. (2010). Infrared images of the transiting disk in the epsilon Aurigae system. Nature, 464(7290), 870–872.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bauldry, W. C. (2009). Introduction to Real Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Adan, O. C. G., & Samson, R. A. (Eds.). (2011). Fundamentals of mold growth in indoor environments and strategies for healthy living. Wageningen Academic Publishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Cortese, P. F., Di Battista, G., Patrignani, M., & Pizzonia, M. (2006). On Embedding a Cycle in a Plane Graph. In P. Healy & N. S. Nikolov (Eds.), Graph Drawing: 13th International Symposium, GD 2005, Limerick, Ireland, September 12-14, 2005. Revised Papers (pp. 49–60). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquaculture and Fisheries.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, October 7). How Leatherback Sea Turtles Keep Their Muscles Warm In Frigid Waters. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). FCC: Redesignating and Reallocating Frequency Bands and Establishing Rules and Policies for Local Multipoint Distribution Service and Fixed Satellite Services (OGC-96-44). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harrison, A. B. (2012). Knowing the familiar [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bernstein, J., & Spielberg, B. (2017, March 23). Medicaid Work Rules Won’t Work. New York Times, A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jan, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bundock & Hooykaas, 2005; Jan, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bundock & Hooykaas, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Burkle et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kloppenborg et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquaculture and Fisheries
ISSN (print)2468-550X

Other styles