How to format your references using the Aquaculture and Fisheries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquaculture and Fisheries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Basset, J.-M. (2015). Yves Chauvin (1930-2015). Nature, 519(7542), 159.
A journal article with 2 authors
Takeuchi, J. K., & Bruneau, B. G. (2009). Directed transdifferentiation of mouse mesoderm to heart tissue by defined factors. Nature, 459(7247), 708–711.
A journal article with 3 authors
Collins, F. S., Morgan, M., & Patrinos, A. (2003). The Human Genome Project: lessons from large-scale biology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5617), 286–290.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Burbank, D. W., Blythe, A. E., Putkonen, J., Pratt-Sitaula, B., Gabet, E., Oskin, M., Barros, A., & Ojha, T. P. (2003). Decoupling of erosion and precipitation in the Himalayas. Nature, 426(6967), 652–655.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rios Insua, D., Ruggeri, F., & Wiper, M. P. (2012). Bayesian Analysis of Stochastic Process Models: Ruggeri/Bayesian Analysis of Stochastic Process Models. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kovacevic, R. M., Pflug, G. C., & Vespucci, M. T. (Eds.). (2013). Handbook of Risk Management in Energy Production and Trading (Vol. 199). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
de la Fuente, M. S., Sterli, J., & Maniel, I. (2014). South Gondwana Pleurodiran Turtles. In J. Sterli & I. Maniel (Eds.), Origin, Evolution and Biogeographic History of South American Turtles (pp. 53–93). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquaculture and Fisheries.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, March 23). Fictional “Dr Fraud” Tricks Her Way Onto Pseudo-Journals’ Editorial Boards. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Federal Software Licenses: Most Agencies Have Reported Planned Actions to Address Our Prior Recommendations on Software License Management (GAO-14-835R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boothe, C. S. (2012). The effects of prototype medium on the user’s overall perception of usability and ability to detect usability flaws [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2010, December 26). An Actor Known by Face Lends Voice to ‘True Grit.’ New York Times, A33B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Basset, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Basset, 2015; Takeuchi & Bruneau, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Takeuchi & Bruneau, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Collins et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Burbank et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquaculture and Fisheries
ISSN (print)2468-550X

Other styles