How to format your references using the Aquaculture and Fisheries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquaculture and Fisheries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2004). The best years of our lives. Nature, 430(6995), 121.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, L. P., & Szema, R. (2005). Inspirations from biological optics for advanced photonic systems. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5751), 1148–1150.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Y. G., Pagani, M., & Liu, Z. (2014). Response to Comment on “A 12-million-year temperature history of the tropical Pacific Ocean.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6216), 1467.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kaniewski, D., Van Campo, E., Morhange, C., Guiot, J., Zviely, D., Shaked, I., Otto, T., & Artzy, M. (2013). Early urban impact on Mediterranean coastal environments. Scientific Reports, 3, 3540.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bruen, G. O. (2015). WHOIS Running the Internet. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Luderer, B. (2010). Mathematical Formulas for Economists (V. Nollau & K. Vetters, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hutt, A. (2010). Finite Propagation Speeds in Spatially Extended Systems. In F. M. Atay (Ed.), Complex Time-Delay Systems: Theory and Applications (pp. 151–176). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquaculture and Fisheries.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 5). Mindfulness-based Therapy Shown To Reduce PTSD Symptoms In Veterans. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Defaulted Loans Under the Guaranteed Student Loan Program (B-117604(7)). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holmes, K. (2008). Ethical practice online: An exploration of provider liability risk among practitioners in the emerging field of online therapy [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2009, September 6). A Bit Late, but Bounteous. New York Times, NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Lee & Szema, 2005; Smaglik, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee & Szema, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Zhang et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kaniewski et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquaculture and Fisheries
ISSN (print)2468-550X

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