How to format your references using the Aquaculture and Fisheries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquaculture and Fisheries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frankel, M. S. (2012). Regulating the boundaries of dual-use research. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6088), 1523–1525.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maillard, I., & Pear, W. S. (2007). Immunology. Keeping a tight leash on Notch. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5826), 840–842.
A journal article with 3 authors
Suttmeier, R. P., Cao, C., & Simon, D. F. (2006). Priorities and funding. “Knowledge innovation” and the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5770), 58–59.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Di Toro, G., Hirose, T., Nielsen, S., Pennacchioni, G., & Shimamoto, T. (2006). Natural and experimental evidence of melt lubrication of faults during earthquakes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5761), 647–649.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooney, K. A., Chappell, J. R., Callan, R. J., & Connally, B. A. (2012). Veterinary Euthanasia Techniques. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,.
An edited book
Cordeiro, J., & van Sinderen, M. (Eds.). (2014). Software Technologies: 8th International Joint Conference, ICSOFT 2013, Reykjavik, Iceland, July 29-31, 2013, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 457). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cook, R. F. (2005). Microstructural Control of Indentation Crack Extension under Externally Applied Stress. In R. C. Bradt, D. Munz, M. Sakai, & K. W. White (Eds.), Fracture Mechanics of Ceramics: Active Materials, Nanoscale Materials, Composites, Glass and Fundamentals (pp. 57–67). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquaculture and Fisheries.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, August 1). Bizarre Ecosystem Discovered In Which The Predators Vastly Outnumber The Prey. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Land Management Systems: Major Software Development Does Not Meet BLM’s Business Needs (T-AIMD-99-102). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bennett, M. A. (2017). The Underrepresentation of Registered Nurses in Hospital CEO Positions: A Grounded Theory Study [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, August 3). This Time Tomorrow. New York Times, C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frankel, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Frankel, 2012; Maillard & Pear, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maillard & Pear, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Suttmeier et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Di Toro et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquaculture and Fisheries
ISSN (print)2468-550X

Other styles