How to format your references using the Meat Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Meat Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wicherts, J. M. (2011). Psychology must learn a lesson from fraud case. Nature, 480(7375), 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Amack, J. D., & Manning, M. L. (2012). Knowing the boundaries: extending the differential adhesion hypothesis in embryonic cell sorting. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6104), 212–215.
A journal article with 3 authors
Richardson, J. E., Melosh, H. J., & Greenberg, R. (2004). Impact-induced seismic activity on asteroid 433 Eros: a surface modification process. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5701), 1526–1529.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Panchal, V., Lartsev, A., Manzin, A., Yakimova, R., Tzalenchuk, A., & Kazakova, O. (2014). Visualisation of edge effects in side-gated graphene nanodevices. Scientific Reports, 4, 5881.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
MacRoberts. (2014). MacRoberts on Scottish Construction Contracts. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ho, Y.-C. (2007). Ordinal Optimization: Soft Optimization for Hard Problems (Q.-C. Zhao & Q.-S. Jia, Eds.). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Hallinger, P., & Bridges, E. M. (2007). INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGY AND PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING. In E. M. Bridges (Ed.), A Problem-based Approach for Management Education: Preparing Managers for Action (pp. 91–108). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Meat Science.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, June 8). Relatives Of Schizophrenics Share Some Of Their Brain Abnormalities – So Why Don’t They Suffer From The Condition? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1970). Administration of Federal Support of Shore Facilities and Vessels for Research Activities at Oceanographic Institutions (B-169941). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chan, B. K. (2017). Hyperboloid-Parameterized Description of Diffusive Superconducting-Magnetic Hybrid Systems [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, January 12). The Son of Joseph. New York Times, C12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wicherts, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Amack & Manning, 2012; Wicherts, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Amack & Manning, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Richardson et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Panchal et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMeat Science
AbbreviationMeat Sci.
ISSN (print)0309-1740
ScopeFood Science

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