How to format your references using the Meat Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Meat Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Angerer, P. (2004). Graduate journal: PhD limitations. Nature, 431(7012), 1128.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yusufzai, T., & Kadonaga, J. T. (2008). HARP is an ATP-driven annealing helicase. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5902), 748–750.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reddien, P. W., Cameron, S., & Horvitz, H. R. (2001). Phagocytosis promotes programmed cell death in C. elegans. Nature, 412(6843), 198–202.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Guo, Q., Bin Huang, Cheng, J., Seefelder, M., Engler, T., Pfeifer, G., Oeckl, P., Otto, M., Moser, F., Maurer, M., Pautsch, A., Baumeister, W., Fernández-Busnadiego, R., & Kochanek, S. (2018). The cryo-electron microscopy structure of huntingtin. Nature, 555(7694), 117–120.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft. (2014). List of MAK and BAT Values 2014. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Hornby, G. S., Sekanina, L., & Haddow, P. C. (Eds.). (2008). Evolvable Systems: From Biology to Hardware: 8th International Conference, ICES 2008, Prague, Czech Republic, September 21-24, 2008. Proceedings (Vol. 5216). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nordbotten, J. M. (2009). Multiscale Methods for Multiphase Flow in Porous Media. In M. Bercovier, M. J. Gander, R. Kornhuber, & O. Widlund (Eds.), Domain Decomposition Methods in Science and Engineering XVIII (pp. 39–50). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Meat Science.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, July 25). Mystery Of Belgian King’s Blood Finally Solved After 80 Years. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). What Every Auditor Should Know About Computer Information Systems (130454). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O’Leary, J. J. (2012). Telling the story: Teaching leaders the art of storytelling and its impact on individuals and the organization [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lichtblau, E. (2016, January 29). N.R.A.’s Wins in Congress Grow With Lobbyist’s Role. New York Times, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Angerer, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Angerer, 2004; Yusufzai & Kadonaga, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yusufzai & Kadonaga, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Reddien et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Guo et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleMeat Science
AbbreviationMeat Sci.
ISSN (print)0309-1740
ScopeFood Science

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