How to format your references using the Meat Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Meat Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brown, R. S. (2005). Hepatitis C and liver transplantation. Nature, 436(7053), 973–978.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weiss, R., & Bourgeois, J. (2012). Geology. Understanding sediments--reducing tsunami risk. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6085), 1117–1118.
A journal article with 3 authors
Seoane, J., Le, H.-V., & Massagué, J. (2002). Myc suppression of the p21(Cip1) Cdk inhibitor influences the outcome of the p53 response to DNA damage. Nature, 419(6908), 729–734.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Thacker, S. A., Robinson, P., Abel, A., & Tweardy, D. J. (2013). Modulation of the unfolded protein response during hepatocyte and cardiomyocyte apoptosis in trauma/hemorrhagic shock. Scientific Reports, 3, 1187.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bartley, T. (2011). Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Cancer. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Dougherty, K. L. (2011). The Calculus of Consent and Constitutional Design (J. Edward, Ed.; Vol. 20). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kireyev, D., & Hung, J. (2016). Valvular Quantification. In D. Kireyev & J. Hung (Eds.), Cardiac Imaging in Clinical Practice (pp. 31–50). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Meat Science.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, April 28). First Malaria Vaccine Trial Results Are In. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Office of Science and Technology Policy: Violation of the Antideficiency Act (GAO-12-200T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Satam, G. C. (2010). The mechanical engineering approach for three dimensional modeling procedure and measurements of the heart anatomy [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, June 30). Foot in the Door. New York Times, B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brown, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Brown, 2005; Weiss & Bourgeois, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weiss & Bourgeois, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Seoane et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Thacker et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMeat Science
AbbreviationMeat Sci.
ISSN (print)0309-1740
ScopeFood Science

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