How to format your references using the Economic Analysis and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economic Analysis and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chin, J.W., 2012. Molecular biology. Reprogramming the genetic code. Science 336, 428–429.
A journal article with 2 authors
Quinn, P.K., Bates, T.S., 2011. The case against climate regulation via oceanic phytoplankton sulphur emissions. Nature 480, 51–56.
A journal article with 3 authors
Healy, L.L., Cronin, J.G., Sheldon, I.M., 2014. Endometrial cells sense and react to tissue damage during infection of the bovine endometrium via interleukin 1. Sci. Rep. 4, 7060.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Armulik, A., Genové, G., Mäe, M., Nisancioglu, M.H., Wallgard, E., Niaudet, C., He, L., Norlin, J., Lindblom, P., Strittmatter, K., Johansson, B.R., Betsholtz, C., 2010. Pericytes regulate the blood-brain barrier. Nature 468, 557–561.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davison, M., 2011. Pharmaceutical Anti-Counterfeiting. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bornstein, B.H., Miller, M.K. (Eds.), 2016. Advances in Psychology and Law: Volume 2, Advances in Psychology and Law. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, J., 2006. Towards Network Autonomy, in: Wang, G.-Y., Peters, J.F., Skowron, A., Yao, Y. (Eds.), Rough Sets and Knowledge Technology: First International Conference, RSKT 2006, Chongquing, China, July 24-26, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 32–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economic Analysis and Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. As El Niño Bites, It’s Time To Take Stock Of Our Water [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Screening Partnership Program: TSA Can Benefit from Improved Cost Estimates (No. GAO-16-19). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Naik, M., 2017. Automating the process of antibiotic susceptibility testing (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, P., 2017. Leaving Stress As More Waits In Trip Abroad. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chin, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Chin, 2012; Quinn and Bates, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Quinn and Bates, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Armulik et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomic Analysis and Policy
AbbreviationEcon. Anal. Policy
ISSN (print)0313-5926

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