How to format your references using the Economic Analysis and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economic Analysis and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Evarts, E.C., 2015. Lithium batteries: To the limits of lithium. Nature 526, S93-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
van Doorn, G.S., Kirkpatrick, M., 2007. Turnover of sex chromosomes induced by sexual conflict. Nature 449, 909–912.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kurin-Csörgei, K., Epstein, I.R., Orbán, M., 2005. Systematic design of chemical oscillators using complexation and precipitation equilibria. Nature 433, 139–142.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Moore, J.P., Klasse, P.J., Dolan, M.J., Ahuja, S.K., 2008. AIDS/HIV. A STEP into darkness or light? Science 320, 753–755.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zaragoza Dörwald, F., 2004. Side Reactions in Organic Synthesis. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Shibasaki, M., Iino, M., Osada, H. (Eds.), 2013. Chembiomolecular Science: At the Frontier of Chemistry and Biology. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Coventry, B.J., Walsh, J., 2014. Amputation Surgery, in: Coventry, B.J. (Ed.), Cardio-Thoracic, Vascular, Renal and Transplant Surgery. Springer, London, pp. 73–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economic Analysis and Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Extremely Rare Mineral Found In 450 Million Year Old Meteorite Impact Crater [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Unmanned Carrier-Based Aircraft System: Debate over System’s Role Led to Focus on Aerial Refueling (No. GAO-16-389R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Catt, B.S., 2010. The reduction of surgical errors through a development of safety culture, teamwork, and communication (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J., 2017. Looking at, and Beyond, a Lifetime of Anxiety. New York Times C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Evarts, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Evarts, 2015; van Doorn and Kirkpatrick, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (van Doorn and Kirkpatrick, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Moore et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomic Analysis and Policy
AbbreviationEcon. Anal. Policy
ISSN (print)0313-5926

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