How to format your references using the Economic Analysis and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economic Analysis and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rombough, P., 2003. Development rate: Modelling developmental time and temperature. Nature 424, 268–9; discussion 270.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jimenez, R., Haiman, Z., 2006. Significant primordial star formation at redshifts z approximately 3-4. Nature 440, 501–504.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta, G., Jalil, M.B.A., Liang, G., 2014. Evaluation of mobility in thin Bi2Se3 topological insulator for prospects of local electrical interconnects. Sci. Rep. 4, 6838.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Abbatt, J.P.D., Benz, S., Cziczo, D.J., Kanji, Z., Lohmann, U., Möhler, O., 2006. Solid ammonium sulfate aerosols as ice nuclei: a pathway for cirrus cloud formation. Science 313, 1770–1773.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sauter, M., 2013. 3G, 4G and Beyond-Bringing Networks, Devices and the Web Together. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Lambers, H., 2008. Plant Physiological Ecology, Second Edition. ed. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Krugman, R.D., 2013. Introduction and Commentary: The Battered Child, in: Krugman, R.D., Korbin, J.E. (Eds.), C. Henry Kempe: A 50 Year Legacy to the Field of Child Abuse and Neglect, Child Maltreatment. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 21–22.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economic Analysis and Policy.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2015. Fishermen Find Rare Species Of Giant Squid On Hawaiian Coast [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. EPA: New Motor Vehicles and New Motor Vehicle Engines Air Pollution Control--Voluntary Standards for Light-Duty Vehicles (No. OGC-97-45). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zanulabe Din, M.O., 2017. Engineered Synchrony of Bacterial Lysis and its Applications (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2011. Peter Mullen, Power at a Leading Law Firm, Dies at 83. New York Times B19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rombough, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Jimenez and Haiman, 2006; Rombough, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jimenez and Haiman, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Abbatt et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomic Analysis and Policy
AbbreviationEcon. Anal. Policy
ISSN (print)0313-5926

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