How to format your references using the Economic Analysis and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economic Analysis and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Manners, I., 2001. Materials science. Putting metals into polymers. Science 294, 1664–1666.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ochman, H., Raghavan, R., 2009. Systems biology. Excavating the functional landscape of bacterial cells. Science 326, 1200–1201.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin, D.Y.-W., Huang, S., Chen, J., 2015. Crystal structures of a polypeptide processing and secretion transporter. Nature 523, 425–430.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lumelsky, N., Blondel, O., Laeng, P., Velasco, I., Ravin, R., McKay, R., 2001. Differentiation of embryonic stem cells to insulin-secreting structures similar to pancreatic islets. Science 292, 1389–1394.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lalena, J.N., Cleary, D.A., 2005. Principles of Inorganic Materials Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Jatoi, I., 2006. Atlas of Breast Surgery. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Awange, J.L., Grafarend, E.W., Paláncz, B., Zaletnyik, P., 2010. Groebner basis, in: Grafarend, E.W., Paláncz, B., Zaletnyik, P. (Eds.), Algebraic Geodesy and Geoinformatics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 33–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economic Analysis and Policy.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Myanmar Puts The Management Of Three Marine Reserves Into The Hands Of Local Communities [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Business Systems Modernization: Internal Revenue Service’s Fiscal Year 2008 Expenditure Plan (No. GAO-08-420). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garibay, O., 2017. Towards a hybrid approach to mariachi education - Bridging the gap between formal and informal transmission of musical culture (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clarke, J., 2016. Resilient Golf Turf Faces Test at Olympics. New York Times SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Manners, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Manners, 2001; Ochman and Raghavan, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ochman and Raghavan, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Lumelsky et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomic Analysis and Policy
AbbreviationEcon. Anal. Policy
ISSN (print)0313-5926

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