How to format your references using the Economic Analysis and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economic Analysis and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grayson, M., 2015. Cannabis. Nature 525, S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roth, M.S., Deheyn, D.D., 2013. Effects of cold stress and heat stress on coral fluorescence in reef-building corals. Sci. Rep. 3, 1421.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rawson, F.J., Downard, A.J., Baronian, K.H., 2014. Electrochemical detection of intracellular and cell membrane redox systems in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Sci. Rep. 4, 5216.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nakatani, K., Ishikawa, H., Aono, S., Mizutani, Y., 2014. Identification of essential histidine residues involved in heme binding and Hemozoin formation in heme detoxification protein from Plasmodium falciparum. Sci. Rep. 4, 6137.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Padmanabhan, T.R., Bala Tripura Sundari, B., 2005. Design Through Verilog HDL. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Almeida, A., Castro, L., Speck, F.-O. (Eds.), 2013. Advances in Harmonic Analysis and Operator Theory: The Stefan Samko Anniversary Volume, Operator Theory: Advances and Applications. Springer, Basel.
A chapter in an edited book
Masciullo, V., Di Cesare, C., Paris, I., 2016. Advances in Ovarian Cancer and Ongoing Clinical Trials, in: Giordano, A., Macaluso, M. (Eds.), Gynecological Cancers: Genetic and Epigenetic Targets and Drug Development. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 65–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economic Analysis and Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. Origin of flowers has been discovered [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Seclusions and Restraints: Selected Cases of Death and Abuse at Public and Private Schools and Treatment Centers (No. GAO-09-719T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zoino, J.J., 2017. Field Methods, Sampling Strategies, Historical Documents, and Data Redundancy: A Study of Historic Tenant Farmsteads in Leflore County, Mississippi (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Loss to Nationals Brings Reminders of Early Season Demons. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grayson, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Grayson, 2015; Roth and Deheyn, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roth and Deheyn, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Nakatani et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomic Analysis and Policy
AbbreviationEcon. Anal. Policy
ISSN (print)0313-5926

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