How to format your references using the Economic Analysis and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economic Analysis and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rodrigues, A.S.L., 2007. Effective global conservation strategies. Nature 450, E19; author reply E20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krabbenhoft, D.P., Sunderland, E.M., 2013. Environmental science. Global change and mercury. Science 341, 1457–1458.
A journal article with 3 authors
Didham, R.K., Ewers, R.M., Gemmell, N.J., 2005. Comment on “Avian extinction and mammalian introductions on oceanic islands.” Science 307, 1412; author reply 1412.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Reichart, P., Datzmann, G., Hauptner, A., Hertenberger, R., Wild, C., Dollinger, G., 2004. Three-dimensional hydrogen microscopy in diamond. Science 306, 1537–1540.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kang, C.W., Kvam, P.H., 2011. Basic Statistical Tools for Improving Quality. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Quirk, T.J., 2013. Excel 2010 for Physical Sciences Statistics: A Guide to Solving Practical Problems. Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Rens, G., Meyer, T., Lakemeyer, G., 2015. A Logic for Reasoning About Decision-Theoretic Projections, in: Duval, B., van den Herik, J., Loiseau, S., Filipe, J. (Eds.), Agents and Artificial Intelligence: 7th International Conference, ICAART 2015, Lisbon, Portugal, January 10-12, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 79–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economic Analysis and Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. From Beer As Preventative To Modern-Day Bacteria, Food Safety Is Still On The Agenda [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Food Assistance: Child Care Centers Sponsored by Schools Participating in the National School Lunch Program (No. RCED-98-101R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pope, C., 2010. Words in the Garden (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. Bright, Brassy and All Bette. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rodrigues, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Krabbenhoft and Sunderland, 2013; Rodrigues, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krabbenhoft and Sunderland, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Reichart et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomic Analysis and Policy
AbbreviationEcon. Anal. Policy
ISSN (print)0313-5926

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