How to format your references using the Economic Analysis and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economic Analysis and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
King, D.A., 2004. The scientific impact of nations. Nature 430, 311–316.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fitter, A.H., Fitter, R.S.R., 2002. Rapid changes in flowering time in British plants. Science 296, 1689–1691.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pagel, M., Atkinson, Q.D., Meade, A., 2007. Frequency of word-use predicts rates of lexical evolution throughout Indo-European history. Nature 449, 717–720.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Melnick, G.J., Neufeld, D.A., Saavik Ford, K.E., Hollenbach, D.J., Ashby, M.L., 2001. Discovery of water vapour around IRC+10216 as evidence for comets orbiting another star. Nature 412, 160–163.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
zur Hausen, H., 2006. Infections Causing Human Cancer. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Brouns, I., 2012. Novel Insights in the Neurochemistry and Function of Pulmonary Sensory Receptors, Advances in Anatomy, Embryology and Cell Biology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hatzfeld, C., Kern, T.A., 2014. Development of Haptic Systems, in: Hatzfeld, C., Kern, T.A. (Eds.), Engineering Haptic Devices: A Beginner’s Guide, Springer Series on Touch and Haptic Systems. Springer, London, pp. 125–141.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economic Analysis and Policy.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Super Camouflage Beats Super Sight, But Only If You’re A Fish [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1983. Contracting for Computer Teleprocessing Services Can Be Improved (No. AFMD-83-60). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gunathilaka, D., 2015. Compliance with dietary restrictions among African American older adults with chronic kidney disease in a nursing home setting (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Wray, J., 2014. I Am the Real Nick Cave. New York Times MM18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (King, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Fitter and Fitter, 2002; King, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fitter and Fitter, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Melnick et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomic Analysis and Policy
AbbreviationEcon. Anal. Policy
ISSN (print)0313-5926

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