How to format your references using the Economic Analysis and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economic Analysis and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Olinto, A.V., 2007. Cosmic rays: the highest-energy messengers. Science 315, 68–70.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hogan, B.M., Black, B.L., 2015. Developmental biology: Diversity in the lymphatic vasculature. Nature 522, 37–38.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sugrue, L.P., Corrado, G.S., Newsome, W.T., 2004. Matching behavior and the representation of value in the parietal cortex. Science 304, 1782–1787.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bakr, W.S., Gillen, J.I., Peng, A., Fölling, S., Greiner, M., 2009. A quantum gas microscope for detecting single atoms in a Hubbard-regime optical lattice. Nature 462, 74–77.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McBain, G.D., 2012. Theory of Lift. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Maña, A., 2006. Developing Ambient Intelligence: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Ambient Intelligence Developments (AmID’06). Springer, Paris.
A chapter in an edited book
Baehr, H.D., 2006. Convective heat and mass transfer. Flows with phase change, in: Stephan, K. (Ed.), Heat and Mass Transfer. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 405–502.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economic Analysis and Policy.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. The Return Of Big Cats Could Help Save Lives On The Road [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002. Federal-Aid Highways: States Need Guidance on Sales or Leases of Real Property Purchased with Federal Funds (No. GAO-03-207). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saxena, M., 2010. Learner analysis framework for globalized e-learning (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J., 2016. At Exxon, Nominee Steered Company’s ‘Evolution’ on Climate. New York Times A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Olinto, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Hogan and Black, 2015; Olinto, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hogan and Black, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Bakr et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomic Analysis and Policy
AbbreviationEcon. Anal. Policy
ISSN (print)0313-5926

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