How to format your references using the Economic Analysis and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economic Analysis and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crame, J.A., 2009. Evolution. Time’s stamp on modern biogeography. Science 323, 720–721.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rakoff-Nahoum, S., Medzhitov, R., 2007. Regulation of spontaneous intestinal tumorigenesis through the adaptor protein MyD88. Science 317, 124–127.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bánsági, T., Jr, Vanag, V.K., Epstein, I.R., 2011. Tomography of reaction-diffusion microemulsions reveals three-dimensional Turing patterns. Science 331, 1309–1312.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ouzounov, D.G., Ahmad, F.R., Müller, D., Venkataraman, N., Gallagher, M.T., Thomas, M.G., Silcox, J., Koch, K.W., Gaeta, A.L., 2003. Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers. Science 301, 1702–1704.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Woolley, T., 2013. Low Impact Building. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.
An edited book
Webster, T.J. (Ed.), 2011. Nanotechnology Enabled In situ Sensors for Monitoring Health. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Ermolieva, T., Ermoliev, Y., Fischer, G., Jonas, M., Makowski, M., 2010. Cost Effective and Environmentally Safe Emission Trading Under Uncertainty, in: Marti, K., Ermoliev, Yuri, Makowski, Marek (Eds.), Coping with Uncertainty: Robust Solutions, Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 79–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economic Analysis and Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Produce from the World’s First Underground Urban Farm is About to Hit Shelves [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Information Technology Investment Management: A Framework for Assessing and Improving Process Maturity (Supersedes AIMD-10.1.23) (No. GAO-04-394G). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dilenschneider, A.M., 2010. Refusing to be put aside: Women and the meaning of betrayal (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Landler, M., 2017. Trump Treads Into Feud Between Qatar and Saudis. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crame, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Crame, 2009; Rakoff-Nahoum and Medzhitov, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rakoff-Nahoum and Medzhitov, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Ouzounov et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomic Analysis and Policy
AbbreviationEcon. Anal. Policy
ISSN (print)0313-5926

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