How to format your references using the Maturitas citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Maturitas. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Mazzarello, What dreams may come?, Nature. 408 (2000) 523.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. Kodra, A.R. Ganguly, Asymmetry of projected increases in extreme temperature distributions, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5884.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Lepper, S.J. Conway, C.-M. Fan, Adult satellite cells and embryonic muscle progenitors have distinct genetic requirements, Nature. 460 (2009) 627–631.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R.J. Pasterkamp, J.J. Peschon, M.K. Spriggs, A.L. Kolodkin, Semaphorin 7A promotes axon outgrowth through integrins and MAPKs, Nature. 424 (2003) 398–405.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Goddard Blythe, Assessing Neuromotor Readiness for Learning, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
K. Porter, 50 Billion Dollar Boss: African American Women Sharing Stories of Success in Entrepreneurship and Leadership, Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
S.O. Hansson, Evaluating the Uncertainties, in: S.O. Hansson, G. Hirsch Hadorn (Eds.), The Argumentative Turn in Policy Analysis: Reasoning about Uncertainty, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 79–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Maturitas.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, Pollen Genetics Can Help With Forensic Investigations, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Administration of Title III of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1969.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G.M. Ilag, An examination of the entity participants’ collaborative partnerships within the United Nations Global Compact, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J.F. Witt, Court Provocateur, New York Times. (2016) BR27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaturitas
ISSN (print)0378-5122
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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