How to format your references using the NPG Asia Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NPG Asia Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Elvis, M. Greater observatories: A midlife crisis for X-ray astronomy. Nature 486, 181–182 (2012).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Jacobs, S. A. & Khorasanizadeh, S. Structure of HP1 chromodomain bound to a lysine 9-methylated histone H3 tail. Science 295, 2080–2083 (2002).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Van Dyck, D., Jinschek, J. R. & Chen, F.-R. ‘Big Bang’ tomography as a new route to atomic-resolution electron tomography. Nature 486, 243–246 (2012).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Yoo, A. S., Staahl, B. T., Chen, L. & Crabtree, G. R. MicroRNA-mediated switching of chromatin-remodelling complexes in neural development. Nature 460, 642–646 (2009).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bucci, D. Analog Electronics for Measuring Systems. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2017).
An edited book
1.
HPV and Cancer. (Springer Netherlands, 2012).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Anderson, J., Schiffer, C., Lee, S.-K. & Swanstrom, R. in Antiviral Strategies (eds. Kräusslich, H.-G. & Bartenschlager, R.) 85–110 (Springer, 2009).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NPG Asia Materials.

Blog post
1.
Andrew, E. The Riddle Behind Zebra Stripes. IFLScience (2015). at <https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/riddle-behind-zebra-stripes/&#62;

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Vehicle Donations: Taxpayer Considerations When Donating Vehicles to Charities. (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2003).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bogenreif, C. Rachmaninoff’s Sonata For Cello and Piano: A Staple in the Cello and Piano Repertoire. (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow, K. To the Barricades Over a Police Barricade. New York Times 145 (2003).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNPG Asia Materials
AbbreviationNPG Asia Mater.
ISSN (print)1884-4049
ISSN (online)1884-4057
ScopeGeneral Materials Science
Modelling and Simulation
Condensed Matter Physics

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