How to format your references using the Cardiorenal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cardiorenal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Herrmann WA. Obituary: Ernst Otto Fischer (1918-2007). Nature. 2007 Sep;449(7159):156.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nusbaum MP, Beenhakker MP. A small-systems approach to motor pattern generation. Nature. 2002 May;417(6886):343–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rhew RC, Miller BR, Weiss RF. Natural methyl bromide and methyl chloride emissions from coastal salt marshes. Nature. 2000 Jan;403(6767):292–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Brown S, Heinisch I, Ross E, Shaw K, Buckley CD, Savill J. Apoptosis disables CD31-mediated cell detachment from phagocytes promoting binding and engulfment. Nature. 2002 Jul;418(6894):200–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Franco P. Understanding Bitcoin. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Cavenago D. Scienza dei servizi: Un percorso tra metodologie e applicazioni. Milano: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Ko PY, Adamson B. Chinese Language Pedagogy and Human Dignity: The Special Rank Teacher in the Aftermath of the Cultural Revolution. In: Leung CB, Ruan J, editors. Perspectives on Teaching and Learning Chinese Literacy in China. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012; pp 61–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cardiorenal Medicine.

Blog post
Andrews R. Mount Everest May Have Suddenly Changed Height [Internet]. IFLScience. 2017 Jan [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Statewide Transportation Planning: Opportunities Exist to Transition to Performance-Based Planning and Federal Oversight. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Butler ML. Floating Homelands: Postnational Constructions of Home in Contemporary Africana Women’s Literature. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus I by S. ‘You Can Affect Billions of People.’ New York Times. 2014 Oct;MM14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCardiorenal Medicine
AbbreviationCardiorenal Med.
ISSN (print)1664-3828
ISSN (online)1664-5502
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles