How to format your references using the Cardiorenal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cardiorenal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Claussen M. Astronomy. Astronomical masers. Science. 2004 Oct;306(5694):235–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
True HL, Lindquist SL. A yeast prion provides a mechanism for genetic variation and phenotypic diversity. Nature. 2000 Sep;407(6803):477–83.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reichardt BW, Unger F, Vazirani U. Classical command of quantum systems. Nature. 2013 Apr;496(7446):456–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Blewitt G, Lavallée D, Clarke P, Nurutdinov K. A new global mode of Earth deformation: seasonal cycle detected. Science. 2001 Dec;294(5550):2342–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fleming P, Lee R. Orthodontic Functional Appliances. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Vukotic A. Apache Tomcat 7. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Dimirovski GM. Learning Intelligent Controls in High Speed Networks: Synergies of Computational Intelligence with Control and Q-Learning Theories. In: Sgurev V, Yager RR, Kacprzyk J, Jotsov V, editors. Innovative Issues in Intelligent Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016; pp 111–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cardiorenal Medicine.

Blog post
Carpineti A. No-Drip Wine Bottle Devised By Physicist [Internet]. IFLScience. 2017 Mar [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Competition: International Aviation Alliances and the Influence of Airline Marketing Practices. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clark DK. Professional values: A study of education and experience in nursing students and nurses. 2009

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx L. Friends, Artists and Partners. New York Times. 2014 Dec;ST25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCardiorenal Medicine
AbbreviationCardiorenal Med.
ISSN (print)1664-3828
ISSN (online)1664-5502
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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