How to format your references using the Cardiorenal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cardiorenal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Christensen PR: Formation of recent martian gullies through melting of extensive water-rich snow deposits. Nature 2003;422:45–48.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reid G, Flonta ML: Physiology. Cold current in thermoreceptive neurons. Nature 2001;413:480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giovannoni S, Temperton B, Zhao Y: Giovannoni et al. reply. Nature 2013;499:E4-5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Stroock AD, Dertinger SKW, Ajdari A, Mezic I, Stone HA, Whitesides GM: Chaotic mixer for microchannels. Science 2002;295:647–651.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goldstein AP: The Psychology of Group Aggression. Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2004.
An edited book
Prassler E, Zöllner M, Bischoff R, Burgard W, Haschke R, Hägele M, et al. (eds): Towards Service Robots for Everyday Environments: Recent Advances in Designing Service Robots for Complex Tasks in Everyday Environments. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
McIntosh-Smith S, Boulton M, Curran D, Price J: On the Performance Portability of Structured Grid Codes on Many-Core Computer Architectures; in Kunkel JM, Ludwig T, Meuer HW (eds): Supercomputing: 29th International Conference, ISC 2014, Leipzig, Germany, June 22-26, 2014. Proceedings. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp 53–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cardiorenal Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew D: A Day In The Life Of Pi. IFLScience 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites: Acquisition Has Increased Costs, Reduced Capabilities, and Delayed Schedules. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mehta V: Sparta in the Enlightenment 2009;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S: A Homecoming for Balanchine; City Ballet Shows St. Petersburg That a Master’s Art Is Still Alive. New York Times 2003;E1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCardiorenal Medicine
AbbreviationCardiorenal Med.
ISSN (print)1664-3828
ISSN (online)1664-5502
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles