How to format your references using the Cardiorenal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cardiorenal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Veis A. Materials science. A window on biomineralization. Science. 2005 Mar;307(5714):1419–20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Macosko EZ, McCarroll SA. Genetics. Our fallen genomes. Science. 2013 Nov;342(6158):564–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pozzi F, Di Matteo T, Aste T. Spread of risk across financial markets: better to invest in the peripheries. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1665.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gerber S, Comellas-Bigler M, Goetz BA, Locher KP. Structural basis of trans-inhibition in a molybdate/tungstate ABC transporter. Science. 2008 Jul;321(5886):246–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zecchina A, Califano S. The Development of Catalysis. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Charrel P-J, Galarreta D, editors. Project Management and Risk Management in Complex Projects: Studies in Organizational Semiotics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Thomas A, Kopczak LR. Life-Saving Supply Chains. In: Lee HL, Lee C-Y, editors. Building Supply Chain Excellence in Emerging Economies. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007; pp 93–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cardiorenal Medicine.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Why You Can Expect A Spectacular Autumn [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Sep [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Increasing Use of Data Telecommunications Calls for Stronger Protection and Improved Economies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sutton SR. Freshman transition programs: Effect on ninth grade student preparedness. 2009

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hu W, Remnick N. City Requires Tower Checks; Outbreak Toll Climbs to 10. New York Times. 2015 Aug;A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCardiorenal Medicine
AbbreviationCardiorenal Med.
ISSN (print)1664-3828
ISSN (online)1664-5502
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles