How to format your references using the Matter and Radiation at Extremes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Matter and Radiation at Extremes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
P. Ball, Water: water--an enduring mystery, Nature. 452 (2008) 291–292.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
G. Stephanopoulos, J. Kelleher, Biochemistry. How to make a superior cell, Science. 292 (2001) 2024–2025.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
G. van den Engh, P. Nelson, J. Roach, Numismatic gyrations, Nature. 408 (2000) 540.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
S.S. Diebold, M. Montoya, H. Unger, L. Alexopoulou, P. Roy, L.E. Haswell, A. Al-Shamkhani, R. Flavell, P. Borrow, C. Reis e Sousa, Viral infection switches non-plasmacytoid dendritic cells into high interferon producers, Nature. 424 (2003) 324–328.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
C.T. Pan, Y.M. Hwang, L. Lin, Y.-C. Chen, Design and Fabrication of Self-Powered Micro-Harvesters, John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore, 2014.
An edited book
[1]
J.P.H. Wilding, ed., Pharmacotherapy of Obesity, Birkhäuser, Basel, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
L. Raffaghello, G. Bianchi, Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells and Tumor Growth, in: M. Klink (Ed.), Interaction of Immune and Cancer Cells, Springer, Vienna, 2014: pp. 91–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Matter and Radiation at Extremes.

Blog post
[1]
E. Andrew, Study Suggests Fish Oil Supplements Don’t Prevent Mental Decline, IFLScience. (2015). https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/study-suggests-fish-oil-supplements-don-t-prevent-mental-decline/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Information Technology: OMB Has Made Improvements to Its Dashboard, but Further Work Is Needed by Agencies and OMB to Ensure Data Accuracy, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
A.N. Mantilla, The differences in the educational experiences and caregiver involvement in education between youth in foster care and those in care of their biological parents, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
J. Hodgman, Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman, New York Times. (2016) MM30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMatter and Radiation at Extremes
ISSN (print)2468-080X
Scope

Other styles