How to format your references using the Advanced Composite Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advanced Composite Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mayr G. Old World fossil record of modern-type hummingbirds. Science. 2004;304:861–864.
A journal article with 2 authors
Melosh HJ, Collins GS. Planetary science: Meteor Crater formed by low-velocity impact. Nature. 2005;434:157.
A journal article with 3 authors
Häkkinen S, Rhines PB, Worthen DL. Atmospheric blocking and Atlantic multidecadal ocean variability. Science. 2011;334:655–659.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Flick K, Scholander C, Chen Q, et al. Role of nonimmune IgG bound to PfEMP1 in placental malaria. Science. 2001;293:2098–2100.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Neave EH. Modern Financial Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Kılıçman A, Srivastava HM, Mursaleen M, et al., editors. Recent Advances in Mathematical Sciences: Selected Papers from ICREM7 2015. Singapore: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Allen TR. HIGH DOSE RADIATION EFFECTS IN STEELS. In: Sickafus KE, Kotomin EA, Uberuaga BP, editors. Radiation Effects in Solids. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007. p. 99–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advanced Composite Materials.

Blog post
Evans K. Google’s April Fools’ Day Trick Lets You Play “Ms. Pac-Man” In Google Maps [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA Property: Poor Lending Practices and Controls at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994. Report No.: NSIAD-94-116. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ray SE. Impact of Training Intervention on Emotional Intelligence in Health Care Administrators and Physician Leaders [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Bernard TS, Cowley S. Equifax Is Facing Harsh Scrutiny. If Only It Had Come a Bit Sooner. New York Times. 2017 Sep 8;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvanced Composite Materials
AbbreviationAdv. Compos. Mater.
ISSN (print)0924-3046
ISSN (online)1568-5519
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Ceramics and Composites

Other styles