How to format your references using the Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goebel T. Anthropology. The missing years for modern humans. Science 2007;315:194–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yao Z, Shafer OT. The Drosophila circadian clock is a variably coupled network of multiple peptidergic units. Science 2014;343:1516–20.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brisbin IL Jr, Austad S, Jacobson SK. Canine detectives: the nose knows-or does it? Science 2000;290:1093b.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bor D, Rothen N, Schwartzman DJ, Clayton S, Seth AK. Adults can be trained to acquire synesthetic experiences. Sci Rep 2014;4:7089.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Péra M-C, Hissel D, Gualous H, Turpin C. Electrochemical Components. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Memmi G, Blanke U, editors. Mobile Computing, Applications, and Services: 5th International Conference, MobiCASE 2013, Paris, France, November 7-8, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 130. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Rauktis ME, Kerman B, Phillips CM. Transitioning into Adulthood: Promoting Youth Engagement, Empowerment, and Interdependence Through Teaming Practices. In: Cahalane H, editor. Contemporary Issues in Child Welfare Practice, New York, NY: Springer; 2013, p. 101–25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology.

Blog post
Davis J. Unlike Most Other Arachnids, Majestic Jumping Spiders Can See In Color. IFLScience 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Problems in the Administration of Third-Party Funds under the Vocational Rehabilitation Program in Indiana. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yelkenci S. Algorithmic Music Composition Using Linear Algebra. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB. In Chamber of Secrets: An Author’s Net Worth. New York Times 2016:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
AbbreviationJ. Genet. Eng. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)1687-157X

Other styles