How to format your references using the Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Carstensen LL. The influence of a sense of time on human development. Science 2006;312:1913–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Harvey CD, Svoboda K. Locally dynamic synaptic learning rules in pyramidal neuron dendrites. Nature 2007;450:1195–200.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Touboul M, Puchtel IS, Walker RJ. 182W evidence for long-term preservation of early mantle differentiation products. Science 2012;335:1065–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Vásquez V, Sotomayor M, Cordero-Morales J, Schulten K, Perozo E. A structural mechanism for MscS gating in lipid bilayers. Science 2008;321:1210–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Islam MR, Islam JS, Zatzman GM, Mughal MAH, Rahman MS. The Greening of Pharmaceutical Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Muenchen RA. R for Stata Users. New York, NY: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Hwang Y-S, Kearney P. Study Two: Mindfulness Intervention for Children. In: Kearney P, editor. A Mindfulness Intervention for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: New Directions in Research and Practice, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 93–125.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. There Is A Rebellious Little Object Orbiting Weirdly Around The Solar System. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/space/there-is-a-rebellious-little-object-orbiting-weirdly-around-the-solar-system/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Maritime Security: DHS Could Benefit from Tracking Progress in Implementing the Small Vessel Security Strategy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Kent L. Justification-Suppression of Gender and Race Bias in Hiring: The Impact of Accountability. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Eligon J. Perseverance Pays for Ward, a New Champion and, Maybe, the Sport’s Next Big Star. New York Times 2016:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
AbbreviationJ. Genet. Eng. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)1687-157X
ScopeBiotechnology
Genetics

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