How to format your references using the Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kasevich MA. Coherence with atoms. Science 2002;298:1363–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weinhold F, Landis CR. Chemistry. High bond orders in metal-metal bonding. Science 2007;316:61–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Daniel S, Chaudhury MK, Chen JC. Fast drop movements resulting from the phase change on a gradient surface. Science 2001;291:633–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bejerano G, Pheasant M, Makunin I, Stephen S, Kent WJ, Mattick JS, et al. Ultraconserved elements in the human genome. Science 2004;304:1321–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crook T, Kemp PA. Transforming Private Landlords. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Scerri P, Vincent R, Mailler R, editors. Coordination of Large-Scale Multiagent Systems. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Nagnibeda E, Kustova E. Multi-Temperature Models in Transport and Relaxation Theory. In: Kustova E, editor. Non-Equilibrium Reacting Gas Flows: Kinetic Theory of Transport and Relaxation Processes, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 55–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. NASA Debuts New Planet Imager To Look At Worlds Around Other Stars. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Student Loans: Selected Characteristics of Schools in Two Major Federal Loan Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez PJ. “Stepping stones”: Empowering mental health patients through connections with significant others: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman J. What if Platforms Like Facebook Are Too Big to Regulate? New York Times 2017:MM14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
AbbreviationJ. Genet. Eng. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)1687-157X

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