How to format your references using the Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Blackburn EH. Telomere states and cell fates. Nature 2000;408:53–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Xu W, Südhof TC. A neural circuit for memory specificity and generalization. Science 2013;339:1290–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Riddihough G, Purnell BA, Travis J. Freedom of expression. Introduction to special issue. Science 2008;319:1781.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Rambaut A, Robertson DL, Pybus OG, Peeters M, Holmes EC. Human immunodeficiency virus. Phylogeny and the origin of HIV-1. Nature 2001;410:1047–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Chadwick P. Person-Based Cognitive Therapy for Distressing Psychosis. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
[1]
Li K, Li S, Li D, Niu Q, editors. Intelligent Computing for Sustainable Energy and Environment: Second International Conference, ICSEE 2012, Shanghai, China, September 12-13, 2012. Revised Selected Papers. vol. 355. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Andersson B, Bergholtz M, Johannesson P. Resource, Process, and Use – Views on Service Modeling. In: Castano S, Vassiliadis P, Lakshmanan LV, Lee ML, editors. Advances in Conceptual Modeling: ER 2012 Workshops CMS, ECDM-NoCoDA, MoDIC, MORE-BI, RIGiM, SeCoGIS, WISM, Florence, Italy, October 15-18, 2012. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 23–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Crows Intelligence Rivals Human Children. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/crows-intelligence-rivals-human-children/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. FAA Information Resources: Agency Needs to Correct Widespread Deficiencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Clovis DJ. The thayer valve and its effect on a generation and beyond. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Joy S. Bags That Don’t Brag. New York Times 2014:E17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
AbbreviationJ. Genet. Eng. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)1687-157X
ScopeBiotechnology
Genetics

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