How to format your references using the Clinical Sarcoma Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Sarcoma Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Figer DF. Astrophysics: Monster star found hiding in plain sight. Nature. 2014;515:42–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wang H-Y, Zhang Y-Q. Processing and characterisation of a novel electropolymerized silk fibroin hydrogel membrane. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6182.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Denning DP, Hatch V, Horvitz HR. Programmed elimination of cells by caspase-independent cell extrusion in C. elegans. Nature. 2012;488:226–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zha S, Guo C, Boboila C, Oksenych V, Cheng H-L, Zhang Y, et al. ATM damage response and XLF repair factor are functionally redundant in joining DNA breaks. Nature. 2011;469:250–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Mascia L. Polymers in Industry from A-Z. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
1. Göransson B, Brundenius C, editors. L’université en transition: L’évolution de son rôle et des défis à relever. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Gupta S, Kamali S, López-Ortiz A. On Advice Complexity of the k-server Problem under Sparse Metrics. In: Moscibroda T, Rescigno AA, editors. Structural Information and Communication Complexity: 20th International Colloquium, SIROCCO 2013, Ischia, Italy, July 1-3, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2013. p. 55–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Sarcoma Research.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Game of Thrones: The Mountain Has Revealed His Giant Diet … Here’s What It Would Do To You [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/game-thrones-mountain-has-revealed-his-giant-diet-here-s-what-it-would-do-you/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Job Training Partnership Act: Information on Training, Placements, and Wages of Male and Female Participants. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Sep. Report No.: HRD-89-152FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hutsell JD. School board members’ perception on their roles and responsibilities in developing policy that affects student achievement [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. Many Families Waver on Plans For Holidays. New York Times. 2001 Oct 21;58.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Sarcoma Research
AbbreviationClin. Sarcoma Res.
ISSN (online)2045-3329
Scope

Other styles