How to format your references using the Clinical Sarcoma Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Sarcoma Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Bowen G. Hydrology: The diversified economics of soil water. Nature. 2015;525:43–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Rader DJ, Daugherty A. Translating molecular discoveries into new therapies for atherosclerosis. Nature. 2008;451:904–13.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Santos NC, Benz W, Mayor M. Extrasolar planets: constraints for planet formation models. Science. 2005;310:251–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Albrecht S, Reffert S, Snellen IAG, Winn JN. Misaligned spin and orbital axes cause the anomalous precession of DI Herculis. Nature. 2009;461:373–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Remy J-G, Letamendia C. LTE Standards. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Philbin TM, editor. Sports Injuries of the Foot: Evolving Diagnosis and Treatment. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Delfino M, Persico D. Unfolding the Potential of ICT for SRL Development. In: Carneiro R, Lefrere P, Steffens K, Underwood J, editors. Self-Regulated Learning in Technology Enhanced Learning Environments: A European Perspective. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2011. p. 53–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Sarcoma Research.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Where Will The Next Generation Of Nobel Prize Winners Come From? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/where-will-next-generation-nobel-prize-winners-come/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. FAA Computer Security: Recommendations to Address Continuing Weaknesses. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Dec. Report No.: GAO-01-171.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Akers K. The Impact of Work-Family Conflict, Gender, and Family-Friendly Policies on Organizational Attractiveness and Job Pursuit Intentions [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. JUSTICES’ RULING LIMITS LAWSUITS ON PAY DISPARITY. New York Times. 2007 May 30;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Sarcoma Research
AbbreviationClin. Sarcoma Res.
ISSN (online)2045-3329
Scope

Other styles