How to format your references using the Clinical Sarcoma Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Sarcoma Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Hunten DM. Atmospheric science. An iron deficiency in polar mesospheric clouds. Science. 2004;304:395–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Thompson J, Lukin MD. Physics. Quantum systems under control. Science. 2014;345:272–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. O’Rahilly S, Barroso I, Wareham NJ. Genetic factors in type 2 diabetes: the end of the beginning? Science. 2005;307:370–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Li B, Gogol M, Carey M, Lee D, Seidel C, Workman JL. Combined action of PHD and chromo domains directs the Rpd3S HDAC to transcribed chromatin. Science. 2007;316:1050–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Allerton D. Principles of Flight Simulation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2009.
An edited book
1. Sasaki K, Suzuki O, Takahashi N, editors. Interface Oral Health Science 2011. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Vythilingam I, Wan-Sulaiman WY, Jeffery J. Vectors of Malaria and Filariasis in Southeast Asia: A Changing Scenario. In: Lim YAL, Vythilingam I, editors. Parasites and their vectors: A special focus on Southeast Asia. Vienna: Springer; 2013. p. 57–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Sarcoma Research.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Our ‘Selfish’ Genes Contain The Seeds Of Our Destruction – But There Might Be A Fix [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/our-selfish-genes-contain-the-seeds-of-our-destruction-but-there-might-be-a-fix/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Social Security Administration: Cases of Federal Employees and Transportation Drivers and Owners Who Fraudulently and/or Improperly Received SSA Benefits. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Aug. Report No.: GAO-10-949T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mace JY. Rupturing the “reality” of reality TV: Contemporary video artists examining the discursive effects of the reality TV phenomenon [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Some Whistle-Blowers Lose Free-Speech Protections. New York Times. 2006 May 31;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Sarcoma Research
AbbreviationClin. Sarcoma Res.
ISSN (online)2045-3329
Scope

Other styles