How to format your references using the Frontiers in Plant Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Plant Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Akimoto, H. (2003). Global air quality and pollution. Science 302, 1716–1719.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wolf, D., and Goff, S. P. (2009). Embryonic stem cells use ZFP809 to silence retroviral DNAs. Nature 458, 1201–1204.
A journal article with 3 authors
Richard, D., Clanet, C., and Quéré, D. (2002). Contact time of a bouncing drop. Nature 417, 811.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kim, K., Sato, K., Shibuya, M., Zeiger, D. M., Butcher, R. A., Ragains, J. R., et al. (2009). Two chemoreceptors mediate developmental effects of dauer pheromone in C. elegans. Science 326, 994–998.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, E. M. (2006). Advances in Thermal Design of Heat Exchangers. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Jacob, S. E. (2013). Practical Patch Testing and Chemical Allergens in Contact Dermatitis. , ed. E. M. Herro London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Devece, C., Peris-Ortiz, M., Merigó, J. M., and Fuster, V. (2015). “Linking the Development of Teamwork and Communication Skills in Higher Education,” in Sustainable Learning in Higher Education: Developing Competencies for the Global Marketplace Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management., eds. M. Peris-Ortiz and J. M. Merigó Lindahl (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 63–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Plant Nutrition.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017). Venus Has Very Few Volcanoes – Weirdly, This Might Be Why It’s As Hot As Hell. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973). Advanced Airborne Command Post Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zamora, L. (2017). Azura digital health: Scheduling application and prescription service for women’s health.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. (1993). IN SHORT: NONFICTION. New York Times, 732.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Akimoto, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Akimoto, 2003; Wolf and Goff, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wolf and Goff, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Plant Nutrition
AbbreviationFront. Plant Sci.
ISSN (online)1664-462X
ScopePlant Science

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