How to format your references using the Frontiers in Plant Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Plant Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maldacena, J. (2014). Cosmology. Testing gauge/gravity duality on a quantum black hole. Science 344, 806–807.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dotto, G. P., and Cotsarelis, G. (2005). Developmental biology. Rac1 up for epidermal stem cells. Science 309, 890–891.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nadler, J. W., Angelaki, D. E., and DeAngelis, G. C. (2008). A neural representation of depth from motion parallax in macaque visual cortex. Nature 452, 642–645.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kahneman, D., Krueger, A. B., Schkade, D., Schwarz, N., and Stone, A. A. (2006). Would you be happier if you were richer? A focusing illusion. Science 312, 1908–1910.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jackson, J. (2012). Political Oratory and Cartooning. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Cheema, S. K. ed. (2006). Biochemistry of Atherosclerosis. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Nestler, B., and Wendler, F. (2006). “Simulations of Complex Microstructure Formations,” in Analysis, Modeling and Simulation of Multiscale Problems, ed. A. Mielke (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 113–152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Plant Nutrition.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016). Legal Marijuana Has Given Colorado A Massive Economic Boost. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997). Student Loans: Selected Characteristics of Schools in Two Major Federal Loan Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rafibakhsh, N. (2013). Industrial Applications of Microsoft Xbox Kinect Sensor.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Park, L. S. (2013). Endangered Daughters. New York Times, BR21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maldacena, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Dotto and Cotsarelis, 2005; Maldacena, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dotto and Cotsarelis, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Kahneman et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Plant Nutrition
AbbreviationFront. Plant Sci.
ISSN (online)1664-462X
ScopePlant Science

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