How to format your references using the Mathematische Annalen citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematische Annalen. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yamamoto, A.: Crowded universities cramp more than just students’ style. Nature. 404, 13 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Yagi, M., Oikawa, S.: Ontogenetic phase shifts in metabolism in a flounder Paralichthys olivaceus. Sci. Rep. 4, 7135 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Gancarz-Kausch, A.M., Adank, D.N., Dietz, D.M.: Prolonged withdrawal following cocaine self-administration increases resistance to punishment in a cocaine binge. Sci. Rep. 4, 6876 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhao, Y.-J., Zhang, H., Liu, C.-L., Liu, B.-K., Ma, L.-C., Wang, L.-C.: Late Eocene to early Oligocene quantitative paleotemperature record: evidence from continental halite fluid inclusions. Sci. Rep. 4, 5776 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Caltagirone, J.-P.: Discrete Mechanics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2015)
An edited book
Ishikawa, Y., Li, J., Wang, W., Zhang, R., Zhang, W. eds: Web Technologies and Applications: 15th Asia-Pacific Web Conference, APWeb 2013, Sydney, Australia, April 4-6, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Priyadarshini Rai, Madasu Hanmandlu: Gaussian Function-Based Particle Swarm Optimization. In: Pant, M., Deep, K., Bansal, J.C., Nagar, A., and Das, K.N. (eds.) Proceedings of Fifth International Conference on Soft Computing for Problem Solving: SocProS 2015, Volume 1. pp. 57–67. Springer, Singapore (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematische Annalen.

Blog post
Hale, T.: Great Lakes Funding Could Be Cut By 97 Percent Under New EPA Budget


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Career Education: Status and Needed Improvements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1976)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stahlhut, C.W.: Aerodynamic design optimization of proprotors for convertible-rotor concepts, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt, M.S., Apuzzo, M.: Comey Didn’t Want to Be Alone With President, He Told Sessions, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematische Annalen
AbbreviationMath. Ann.
ISSN (print)0025-5831
ISSN (online)1432-1807
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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