How to format your references using the Mathematische Annalen citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematische Annalen. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sabadini, R.: Paleoclimate. Ice sheet collapse and sea level change. Science. 295, 2376–2377 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Dillin, A., Kelly, J.W.: Medicine. The yin-yang of sirtuins. Science. 317, 461–462 (2007)
A journal article with 3 authors
Core, L.J., Waterfall, J.J., Lis, J.T.: Nascent RNA sequencing reveals widespread pausing and divergent initiation at human promoters. Science. 322, 1845–1848 (2008)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, X., Liu, Y., Wu, B., Sun, B., Chen, F., Ji, J., Ma, J., Xie, Q.: Phylogenetic and molecular characterization of chicken anemia virus in southern China from 2011 to 2012. Sci. Rep. 3, 3519 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hewitt, A.: Construction Claims & Responses. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2016)
An edited book
Rieber, R.W.: Film, Television and the Psychology of the Social Dream. Springer, New York, NY (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Jiang, G., Diao, L., Kuang, K.: Development of Advanced Thermal Management Materials. In: Diao, L. and Kuang, K. (eds.) Advanced Thermal Management Materials. pp. 45–71. Springer, New York, NY (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematische Annalen.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Ring of Fire Solar Eclipse: Live Webcast,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Digital Television Transition: GAO DTV Broadcaster Survey (GAO-08-528SP, April 2008), an E-supplement to GAO-08-510. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2008)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vega Aguirre, J.C.: Study of small business leadership as a result of the North American Free Trade Agreement, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J., Alcindor, Y., Armendariz, A.: Tax Credits to House Poor Reinforce Racial Divisions, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematische Annalen
AbbreviationMath. Ann.
ISSN (print)0025-5831
ISSN (online)1432-1807
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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