How to format your references using the Mathematische Annalen citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematische Annalen. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mogi, K.: Cognitive factors correlating with the metacognition of the phenomenal properties of experience. Sci. Rep. 3, 3354 (2013)
A journal article with 2 authors
Lingwood, D., Simons, K.: Lipid rafts as a membrane-organizing principle. Science. 327, 46–50 (2010)
A journal article with 3 authors
Bezryadin, A., Lau, C.N., Tinkham, M.: Quantum suppression of superconductivity in ultrathin nanowires. Nature. 404, 971–974 (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chang, W.-L., Smith, R.B., Wicks, C., Farrell, J.M., Puskas, C.M.: Accelerated uplift and magmatic intrusion of the Yellowstone caldera, 2004 to 2006. Science. 318, 952–956 (2007)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pan, Y., Wang, J., Li, M.: Algorithmic and Artificial Intelligence Methods for Protein Bioinformatics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2013)
An edited book
Altenbach, H., Mikhasev, G.I. eds: Shell and Membrane Theories in Mechanics and Biology: From Macro- to Nanoscale Structures. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Krishnaswamy, S., Markov, I.L., Hayes, J.P.: Signature-Based Reliability Analysis. In: Markov, I.L. and Hayes, J.P. (eds.) Design, Analysis and Test of Logic Circuits Under Uncertainty. pp. 63–91. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematische Annalen.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Genetically Modified Immune Cells Control HIV Long-Term,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Tank Recovery Vehicle: Status of Program Acquisition and Full-Scale Engineering Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1989)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huang, Y.: Optimal control of heat engines in non-equilibrium statistical mechanics, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J.B.: In Ruling on Insider Trading, A Court Restores Rationality, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematische Annalen
AbbreviationMath. Ann.
ISSN (print)0025-5831
ISSN (online)1432-1807
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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