How to format your references using the Mathematische Annalen citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematische Annalen. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Militzer, M.: Materials science. A synchrotron look at steel. Science. 298, 975–976 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Eaton, D.W., Frederiksen, A.: Seismic evidence for convection-driven motion of the North American plate. Nature. 446, 428–431 (2007)
A journal article with 3 authors
Elsaesser, H., Sauer, K., Brooks, D.G.: IL-21 is required to control chronic viral infection. Science. 324, 1569–1572 (2009)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Piva, P.G., DiLabio, G.A., Pitters, J.L., Zikovsky, J., Rezeq, M., Dogel, S., Hofer, W.A., Wolkow, R.A.: Field regulation of single-molecule conductivity by a charged surface atom. Nature. 435, 658–661 (2005)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Port, M.: Beyond Booked Solid. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2008)
An edited book
Cilliers, P., Preiser, R. eds: Complexity, Difference and Identity: An Ethical Perspective. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Gribov, A., Krivoruchko, K.: New Flexible Non-parametric Data Transformation for Trans-Gaussian Kriging. In: Abrahamsen, P., Hauge, R., and Kolbjørnsen, O. (eds.) Geostatistics Oslo 2012. pp. 51–65. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematische Annalen.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Scientists Find 7 Particles From The Birth Of The Solar System,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Earth Observing System: Funding Requirements for NASA’s EOSDIS. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1995)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kong, C.: Formal Methods Applied to the Specification of an Active Network Node, (2001)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E.: Keeping Outsiders Outside, (1998)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematische Annalen
AbbreviationMath. Ann.
ISSN (print)0025-5831
ISSN (online)1432-1807
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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