How to format your references using the Biofabrication citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biofabrication. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nies D H 2007 Biochemistry. How cells control zinc homeostasis Science 317 1695–6
A journal article with 2 authors
Bachtrog D and Charlesworth B 2002 Reduced adaptation of a non-recombining neo-Y chromosome Nature 416 323–6
A journal article with 3 authors
Barrett R D H, Rogers S M and Schluter D 2008 Natural selection on a major armor gene in threespine stickleback Science 322 255–7
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Rutz C, Bluff L A, Weir A A S and Kacelnik A 2007 Video cameras on wild birds Science 318 765

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Derbyshire E 2011 Nutrition in the Childbearing Years (Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.)
An edited book
Dubey S P 2015 Color Atlas of Head and Neck Surgery: A Step-by-Step Guide ed C P Molumi (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Witkop C T 2014 Shared Decision Making and Labor Management in Parturients Obesity During Pregnancy in Clinical Practice ed W Nicholson and K Baptiste-Roberts (London: Springer) pp 53–74

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biofabrication.

Blog post
Hale T 2016 Tofu Is Providing Green Energy For A Village In Indonesia IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2001 Early Childhood Programs: The Use of Impact Evaluations to Assess Program Effects (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rivas V E 2014 Art appreciation program for homeless children: A grant proposal project Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G 2010 Anything Can Happen In a San Francisco Series New York Times B12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiofabrication
ISSN (print)1758-5082
ISSN (online)1758-5090
Biomedical Engineering
General Medicine

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