How to format your references using the Biofabrication citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biofabrication. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dickson J A D 2002 Fossil echinoderms as monitor of the Mg/Ca ratio of Phanerozoic oceans Science 298 1222–4
A journal article with 2 authors
Miyanari Y and Torres-Padilla M-E 2012 Control of ground-state pluripotency by allelic regulation of Nanog Nature 483 470–3
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin D Y-W, Huang S and Chen J 2015 Crystal structures of a polypeptide processing and secretion transporter Nature 523 425–30
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Huber R, Tauser F, Brodschelm A, Bichler M, Abstreiter G and Leitenstorfer A 2001 How many-particle interactions develop after ultrafast excitation of an electron-hole plasma Nature 414 286–9

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ferrant J-L, Gilson M, Jobert S, Mayer M, Montini L, Ouellette M, Rodrigues S and Ruffini S 2013 Synchronous Ethernet and IEEE 1588 in Telecoms (Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Brint M E 2009 Integrated Science: New Approaches to Education ed D J Marcey and M C Shaw (Boston, MA: Springer US)
A chapter in an edited book
Isikman S O, Bishara W, Mudanyali O, Su T-W, Tseng D and Ozcan A 2013 Lensfree Computational Microscopy Tools for On-Chip Imaging of Biochips Point-of-Care Diagnostics on a Chip Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering ed D Issadore and R M Westervelt (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 71–96

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biofabrication.

Blog post
Andrews R 2017 White House Caught Copying From ExxonMobil Press Release IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1989 High-Definition Television: Applications for This New Technology (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boylan M 2010 Acute physiological resonses to yoga activity in a hot environment Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M 1992 The Executive Life; Wall St. Dems Find Little to Like in 1992 New York Times 333

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiofabrication
ISSN (print)1758-5082
ISSN (online)1758-5090
Biomedical Engineering
General Medicine

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