How to format your references using the Biofabrication citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biofabrication. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quinn H 2000 No conflict between SLAC and Japan’s KEK. Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Nature 404 701
A journal article with 2 authors
Varmus H and Harlow E 2012 Science funding: Provocative questions in cancer research Nature 481 436–7
A journal article with 3 authors
Whittington A G, Hofmeister A M and Nabelek P I 2009 Temperature-dependent thermal diffusivity of the Earth’s crust and implications for magmatism Nature 458 319–21
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Stevens J, Blixt O, Tumpey T M, Taubenberger J K, Paulson J C and Wilson I A 2006 Structure and receptor specificity of the hemagglutinin from an H5N1 influenza virus Science 312 404–10

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Purkis S and Klemas V 2011 Remote Sensing and Global Environmental Change (West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd)
An edited book
Rynne B P 2008 Linear Functional Analysis ed M A Youngson (London: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
de Luca M and DeSimone A 2016 Elastomeric Gels: A Model and First Results Innovative Numerical Approaches for Multi-Field and Multi-Scale Problems: In Honor of Michael Ortiz’s 60th Birthday Lecture Notes in Applied and Computational Mechanics ed K Weinberg and A Pandolfi (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 59–89

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biofabrication.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 3D-Printed Smart Bottle Cap Could Tell You When Your Food Has Expired IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1996 DOD Dependents Schools: Cost Issues Associated With the Special Education Program (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carver J R 2009 CMO: Chief Marketing Officer or chief “marginalized” officer Doctoral dissertation (Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rubin A J, Kingsley P and Karasz P 2017 Attack in Spain Fits Larger Plot New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiofabrication
ISSN (print)1758-5082
ISSN (online)1758-5090
Biomedical Engineering
General Medicine

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