How to format your references using the Biofabrication citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biofabrication. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mattick J S 2011 Genome-sequencing anniversary. The genomic foundation is shifting Science 331 874
A journal article with 2 authors
Zavaleta E S and Hulvey K B 2004 Realistic species losses disproportionately reduce grassland resistance to biological invaders Science 306 1175–7
A journal article with 3 authors
Oerlemans J, Dahl-Jensen D and Masson-Delmotte V 2006 Ice sheets and sea level Science 313 1043–5; author reply 1043-5
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Benson P M, Vinciguerra S, Meredith P G and Young R P 2008 Laboratory simulation of volcano seismicity Science 322 249–52

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jay S A 2006 High Voltage Electricity Installations (Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Ferdinand J-P, Petschow U and Dickel S 2016 The Decentralized and Networked Future of Value Creation: 3D Printing and its Implications for Society, Industry, and Sustainable Development (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Masuko T and Souma K 2009 Nutritional Physiology of Wild and Domesticated Japanese Sika Deer Sika Deer: Biology and Management of Native and Introduced Populations ed D R McCullough, S Takatsuki and K Kaji (Tokyo: Springer Japan) pp 61–82

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biofabrication.

Blog post
Andrews R 2016 “Watermelon Snow” Is Causing Arctic Glaciers To Melt Even Faster IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2006 National Airspace System Modernization: Observations on Potential Funding Options for FAA and the Next Generation Airspace System (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moro J M 2017 School Improvement Grants at Work: A Study of Urban, Public New England Schools Doctoral dissertation (Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J 2017 E!, a Mainstay on the Red Carpet, Buys the People’s Choice Awards New York Times B4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiofabrication
ISSN (print)1758-5082
ISSN (online)1758-5090
Biomedical Engineering
General Medicine

Other styles