How to format your references using the Biofabrication citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biofabrication. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berlin A 2013 Microbiology. No barriers to cellulose breakdown Science 342 1454–6
A journal article with 2 authors
Fulton J E and Delany M E 2003 Genetics. Poultry genetic resources--operation rescue needed Science 300 1667–8
A journal article with 3 authors
Li L Y, Luo X and Wang X 2001 Endonuclease G is an apoptotic DNase when released from mitochondria Nature 412 95–9
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Weber K L, Sokac A M, Berg J S, Cheney R E and Bement W M 2004 A microtubule-binding myosin required for nuclear anchoring and spindle assembly Nature 431 325–9

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nikrityuk P A 2011 Computational Thermo-Fluid Dynamics (Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA)
An edited book
Suggett D J, Prášil O and Borowitzka M A 2010 Chlorophyll a Fluorescence in Aquatic Sciences: Methods and Applications vol 4 (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Kundu S, Khare D, Mondal A and Mishra P K 2014 Long Term Rainfall Trend Analysis (1871–2011) for Whole India Climate Change and Biodiversity: Proceedings of IGU Rohtak Conference, Vol. 1 Advances in Geographical and Environmental Sciences ed M Singh, R B Singh and M I Hassan (Tokyo: Springer Japan) pp 45–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biofabrication.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J 2016 China Is Going To Launch A New Experimental Space Station Today IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1990 Customs Automation: Duties and Other Collections Vulnerable to Fraud and Abuse (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fregoso J 2015 Through the pipeline: Degree aspirations of African American and Latino males enrolled in California community colleges Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S 2015 Russian Publisher Adds Its Own Slant, Writers Say New York Times A10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiofabrication
ISSN (print)1758-5082
ISSN (online)1758-5090
Biomedical Engineering
General Medicine

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