How to format your references using the Biofabrication citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biofabrication. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sargis E J 2002 Paleontology. Primate origins nailed Science 298 1564–5
A journal article with 2 authors
Ohta A and Sitkovsky M 2001 Role of G-protein-coupled adenosine receptors in downregulation of inflammation and protection from tissue damage Nature 414 916–20
A journal article with 3 authors
Huey R B, Losos J B and Moritz C 2010 Ecology. Are lizards toast? Science 328 832–3
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Allwood D A, Xiong G, Faulkner C C, Atkinson D, Petit D and Cowburn R P 2005 Magnetic domain-wall logic Science 309 1688–92

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Staudt G 2001 Experimentalphysik (Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA)
An edited book
Baird D, Scerri E and McIntyre L 2006 Philosophy Of Chemistry: Synthesis of a New Discipline vol 242 (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Grünig R and Morschett D 2012 Strategic planning of a domestic company as the starting point for going international Developing International Strategies: Going and Being International for Medium-sized Companies ed D Morschett (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 65–87

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biofabrication.

Blog post
Andrew E 2014 Medical Marijuana - What’s It Good For? IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2010 Aviation Safety: Icing and Winter Weather-Related Recommendations That NTSB Has Issued Since 1996 (GAO-10-679SP), an E-supplement to (GAO-10-678) (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Caverly R S 2010 Marketing masculinity: Male identity, boy culture, and the Boy Scouts of America 1900–1940 Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson M 2017 ‘Dear Evan Hansen’ and ‘Oslo’ Top Tonys New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiofabrication
ISSN (print)1758-5082
ISSN (online)1758-5090
Biomedical Engineering
General Medicine

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