How to format your references using the Journal of Surgery and Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Surgery and Medicine (JOSAM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Knight JC. Photonic crystal fibres. Nature. 2003;424:847–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Zhang J, Ferré-D’Amaré AR. Co-crystal structure of a T-box riboswitch stem I domain in complex with its cognate tRNA. Nature. 2013;500:363–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lucia U, Ponzetto A, Deisboeck TS. A thermo-physical analysis of the proton pump vacuolar-ATPase: the constructal approach. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6763.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Seeger H, Heikenwalder M, Zeller N, Kranich J, Schwarz P, Gaspert A, et al. Coincident scrapie infection and nephritis lead to urinary prion excretion. Science. 2005;310:324–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bakker J, Clarke RJ. Wine Flavour Chemistry. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
1. Gafney L. Peer-Led Team Learning: Evaluation, Dissemination, and Institutionalization of a College Level Initiative. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Degiorgio V, Cristiani I. Modulazione. In: Cristiani I, editor. Note di fotonica. Milano: Springer; 2012. p. 103–24.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Surgery and Medicine.

Blog post
1. Evans K. Tiny Robot Drones Developed To Help Declining Bees Pollinate Plants. IFLScience. 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/tiny-robot-drones-developed-to-help-declining-bees-pollinate-plants/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Proposed Procedure for Access by GAO to Records of Students in the Murphy School District. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bowmar JS. Building Energy Efficiency and Resilience in the United States, One Disaster at a Time: Fostering Green Building Principles through Disaster Assistance. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Schwartz J. Victor Lownes, 88, Rake and Colleague of Hefner. New York Times. 2017;:B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Surgery and Medicine
ISSN (online)2602-2079
Scope

Other styles