How to format your references using the Journal of Surgery and Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Surgery and Medicine (JOSAM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Myhrvold NP. Comment on “Evidence for mesothermy in dinosaurs.” Science. 2015;348:982.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Fehr E, Rockenbach B. Detrimental effects of sanctions on human altruism. Nature. 2003;422:137–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Rogers RR, Krause DW, Curry Rogers K. Cannibalism in the Madagascan dinosaur Majungatholus atopus. Nature. 2003;422:515–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Fujiki R, Chikanishi T, Hashiba W, Ito H, Takada I, Roeder RG, et al. GlcNAcylation of a histone methyltransferase in retinoic-acid-induced granulopoiesis. Nature. 2009;459:455–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Johnson A. Small Animal Pathology for Veterinary Technicians. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Jordan WR. Making Nature Whole: A History of Ecological Restoration. Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Marquardt W, Morbach J, Wiesner A, Yang A. Upper Level. In: Morbach J, Wiesner A, Yang A, editors. OntoCAPE: A Re-Usable Ontology for Chemical Process Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 109–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Surgery and Medicine.

Blog post
1. Hale T. There’s Very Little Evidence That Flossing Actually Works. IFLScience. 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/theres-very-little-evidence-that-flossing-actually-works/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Army Corps of Engineers: An Assessment of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement of the Lower Snake River Dams. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bremond DS. When women win: Prominent leadership traits that contributed to the successful election of women in California. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Slotnik DE. Kenny Sears, 83, Sharpshooting Forward for the Knicks. New York Times. 2017;:A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Surgery and Medicine
ISSN (online)2602-2079
Scope

Other styles