How to format your references using the Mathematical Programming citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematical Programming. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rees, M.: Time for global statistics we can count on. Nature. 502, 273 (2013)
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, X., Duncan, J.H.: The effects of surfactants on spilling breaking waves. Nature. 421, 520–523 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Otto, A., White, J.D., Simoneit, B.R.T.: Natural product terpenoids in Eocene and Miocene conifer fossils. Science. 297, 1543–1545 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dalton, D.A., Hsieh, W.-P., Hohensee, G.T., Cahill, D.G., Goncharov, A.F.: Effect of mass disorder on the lattice thermal conductivity of MgO periclase under pressure. Sci. Rep. 3, 2400 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cohen, M.: Mind Games. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2010)
An edited book
Rocca, J., Menoni, C., Marconi, M. eds: X-Ray Lasers 2014: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Balaji, V., Bhatia, M.B., Kumar, R., Neelam, L.K., Panja, S., Prabhakar, T.V., Samaddar, R., Soogareddy, B., Sylvester, A.G., Yadav, V.: Agrotags – A Tagging Scheme for Agricultural Digital Objects. In: Sánchez-Alonso, S. and Athanasiadis, I.N. (eds.) Metadata and Semantic Research: 4th International Conference, MTSR 2010, Alcalá de Henares, Spain, October 20-22, 2010. Proceedings. pp. 36–45. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematical Programming.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: What’s It Like To See Auroras On Other Planets?


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Federal Efforts to Ensure Continued Delivery of Key State-Administered Benefits. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1999)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, P.J.: “Stepping stones”: Empowering mental health patients through connections with significant others: A grant proposal, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M.M.: Ousted Fox News Executive May Go to White House, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematical Programming
AbbreviationMath. Program.
ISSN (print)0025-5610
ISSN (online)1436-4646
General Mathematics

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