How to format your references using the Mathematical Programming citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematical Programming. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kiser, B.: Early child development: Body of knowledge. Nature. 523, 286–289 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Ringler, P., Schulz, G.E.: Self-assembly of proteins into designed networks. Science. 302, 106–109 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Medina, P.P., Nolde, M., Slack, F.J.: OncomiR addiction in an in vivo model of microRNA-21-induced pre-B-cell lymphoma. Nature. 467, 86–90 (2010)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Konopka, G., Bomar, J.M., Winden, K., Coppola, G., Jonsson, Z.O., Gao, F., Peng, S., Preuss, T.M., Wohlschlegel, J.A., Geschwind, D.H.: Human-specific transcriptional regulation of CNS development genes by FOXP2. Nature. 462, 213–217 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones, D.W.: Economic Theory and the Ancient Mediterranean. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Chichester, UK (2014)
An edited book
Le Bodo, Y.: Taxing Soda for Public Health: A Canadian Perspective. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Afamasaga-Fuata’i, K.: Using Concept Maps and Vee Diagrams to Analyse the “Fractions” Strand in Primary Mathematics. In: Afamasaga-Fuata’i, K. (ed.) Concept Mapping in Mathematics: Research into Practice. pp. 59–86. Springer US, Boston, MA (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematical Programming.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Milking The Most Venomous Fish In The World


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Leadership and Systems Needed to Effect Financial Management Improvements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2002)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miramontes, A.J.: Examining eye fixation patterns during the Situation Present Assessment Method (SPAM) under varying levels of workload, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, J.: A Coming-Home Party 40 Years in the Making, (2015)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematical Programming
AbbreviationMath. Program.
ISSN (print)0025-5610
ISSN (online)1436-4646
General Mathematics

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