How to format your references using the Journal of Education Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Education Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen, Deb. 2004. “Introductory Matters.” Nature 429 (6991): 584.
A journal article with 2 authors
McAdams, Harley H., and Lucy Shapiro. 2003. “A Bacterial Cell-Cycle Regulatory Network Operating in Time and Space.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 301 (5641): 1874–1877.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prieto, M. Almudena, Gianfranco Brunetti, and Karl-Heinz Mack. 2002. “Particle Accelerators in the Hot Spots of Radio Galaxy 3C 445, Imaged with the VLT.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 298 (5591): 193–195.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Nürnberg, Dennis J., Jennifer Morton, Stefano Santabarbara, Alison Telfer, Pierre Joliot, Laura A. Antonaru, Alexander V. Ruban, et al. 2018. “Photochemistry beyond the Red Limit in Chlorophyll F-Containing Photosystems.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 360 (6394): 1210–1213.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moeller, Robert. 2010. IT Audit, Control, and Security. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Black-Branch, Jonathan L., and Dieter Fleck, eds. 2014. Nuclear Non-Proliferation in International Law - Volume I. The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Kuznetsov, Alexander, and Nickolay Mikheev. 2013. “Electromagnetic Interactions in External Active Media.” In Electroweak Processes in External Active Media, edited by Nickolay Mikheev, 127–173. Springer Tracts in Modern Physics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Education Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “A ‘Bionic Leaf’ Turns Solar Energy Into Chemicals And Fuels.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Information Technology: Leveraging Best Practices to Help Ensure Successful Major Acquisitions. GAO-14-183T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Subbarao, Sanjay. 2015. “An 8-PSK Super Regenerative Receiver: Design and Simulation.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, Linda F. 2006. “The Legacies They Left.” New York Times, January 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koen 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Koen 2004; McAdams and Shapiro 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McAdams and Shapiro 2003)
  • Three authors: (Prieto, Brunetti, and Mack 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Nürnberg et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Education Policy
AbbreviationJ. Educ. Pol.
ISSN (print)0268-0939
ISSN (online)1464-5106

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