How to format your references using the Journal of Education Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Education Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clery, Daniel. 2014. “Six Handshakes, Then Silence.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 344 (6187): 964–965.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bakkenist, Christopher J., and Michael B. Kastan. 2003. “DNA Damage Activates ATM through Intermolecular Autophosphorylation and Dimer Dissociation.” Nature 421 (6922): 499–506.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jeong, Ki-Hun, Jaeyoun Kim, and Luke P. Lee. 2006. “Biologically Inspired Artificial Compound Eyes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312 (5773): 557–561.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Rovira-Asenjo, Núria, Tània Gumí, Marta Sales-Pardo, and Roger Guimerà. 2013. “Predicting Future Conflict between Team-Members with Parameter-Free Models of Social Networks.” Scientific Reports 3: 1999.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wootton, Robert J., and Carl Smith. 2014. Reproductive Biology of Teleost Fishes. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Baldini, Francesco, Arnaldo D’Amico, Corrado Di Natale, Pietro Siciliano, Renato Seeber, Luca De Stefano, Ranieri Bizzarri, and Bruno Andò, eds. 2014. Sensors: Proceedings of the First National Conference on Sensors, Rome 15-17 February, 2012. Vol. 162. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yang, Ming, and Xin Yu. 2015. “Market Barriers to Energy Efficiency.” In Energy Efficiency: Benefits for Environment and Society, edited by Xin Yu, 33–42. Green Energy and Technology. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Education Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Panda Fakes Pregnancy To Get More Food.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Aviation Security: Improved Controls Needed To Prevent Unauthorized Access at Key Airports. RCED-88-86. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rensing, Roselyn I. 2012. “Developing a Notebook Protocol for the High School Chemistry Classroom.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Forman, James, Jr. 2016. “‘We Are Not Beasts.’” New York Times, September 4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clery 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Clery 2014; Bakkenist and Kastan 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bakkenist and Kastan 2003)
  • Three authors: (Jeong, Kim, and Lee 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Rovira-Asenjo et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Education Policy
AbbreviationJ. Educ. Pol.
ISSN (print)0268-0939
ISSN (online)1464-5106

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