How to format your references using the Journal of Education Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Education Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knoepfler, Paul. 2009. “Journal Club. A Cell Biologist Looks at the Risk and Promise of a New Insight into Stem Cells and Cancer.” Nature 457 (7228): 361.
A journal article with 2 authors
Forster, Peter, and Shuichi Matsumura. 2005. “Evolution. Did Early Humans Go North or South?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 308 (5724): 965–966.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rogers, J. A., M. G. Lagally, and R. G. Nuzzo. 2011. “Synthesis, Assembly and Applications of Semiconductor Nanomembranes.” Nature 477 (7362): 45–53.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Boitano, Anthony E., Jian Wang, Russell Romeo, Laure C. Bouchez, Albert E. Parker, Sue E. Sutton, John R. Walker, et al. 2010. “Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Antagonists Promote the Expansion of Human Hematopoietic Stem Cells.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 329 (5997): 1345–1348.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Radzevich, Stephen P. 2013. Geometry of Surfaces. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Hamby, Sherry. 2013. The Web of Violence: Exploring Connections Among Different Forms of Interpersonal Violence and Abuse. Edited by John Grych. SpringerBriefs in Sociology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Antoldi, Fabio, Daniele Cerrato, and Donatella Depperu. 2011. “The Management of Export Consortia: A Pragmatic Approach.” In Export Consortia in Developing Countries: Successful Management of Cooperation Among SMEs, edited by Daniele Cerrato and Donatella Depperu, 79–118. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Education Policy.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. 2016. “Hate Crimes Against LGBTQ People Are A Public Health Issue.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Direct Student Loans: Analyses of Borrowers’ Use of the Income Contingent Repayment Option. HEHS-97-155. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Konggidinata, Mas Iwan. 2017. “Application and Modifications of Ordered Mesoporous Carbon (OMC) for BTEX Removal: Characterization, Adsorption Mechanisms, and Kinetic Studies.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barnes, Brooks. 2016. “‘La La Land’ Leads the Race for the Globes.” New York Times, December 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Flicek 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Barkana 2006; Putterman 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Forster and Matsumura 2005)
  • Three authors: (Rogers, Lagally, and Nuzzo 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kanungo et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Education Policy
AbbreviationJ. Educ. Pol.
ISSN (print)0268-0939
ISSN (online)1464-5106

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