How to format your references using the Maternal and Child Health Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Maternal and Child Health Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ramirez, A. (2015). The making of a science evangelist. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6235), 726.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith, B. E., & Braun, R. E. (2012). Germ cell migration across Sertoli cell tight junctions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6108), 798–802.
A journal article with 3 authors
Poinar, H., Kuch, M., & Pääbo, S. (2001). Molecular analyses of oral polio vaccine samples. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5517), 743–744.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, L., Israel, C., Biswas, A., Greene, R. L., & de Lozanne, A. (2002). Direct observation of percolation in a manganite thin film. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5594), 805–807.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mann, S. (2010). Microsoft® SharePoint® Server 2010 Bible. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Dada, A., Stanoevska, K., & Gómez, J. M. (Eds.). (2013). Organizations’ Environmental Performance Indicators: Measuring, Monitoring, and Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
On behalf of the membership of RILEM TC 219-ACS, Nixon, P. J., & Sims, I. (2016). RILEM Recommended Test Method: AAR-3—Detection of Potential Alkali-Reactivity—38 °C Test Method for Aggregate Combinations Using Concrete Prisms. In P. J. Nixon & I. Sims (Eds.), RILEM Recommendations for the Prevention of Damage by Alkali-Aggregate Reactions in New Concrete Structures: State-of-the-Art Report of the RILEM Technical Committee 219-ACS (pp. 79–97). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Maternal and Child Health Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, May 29). Speaking Dialects Trains The Brain In The Same Way As Bilingualism. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Reporting of Student Loan Enrollment Status (No. HEHS-97-44R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilensky, S. E. (2010). 340B prime vendor program: Health center decision making and barriers to participation (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Von Aue, M. (2017, May 19). A Radical Redo for ‘Madama Butterfly.’ New York Times, p. C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaternal and Child Health Journal
AbbreviationMatern. Child Health J.
ISSN (print)1092-7875
ISSN (online)1573-6628
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles