How to format your references using the Frontiers in Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Meister G. Molecular biology. RNA interference in the nucleus. Science (2008) 321:496–497.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Larson HJ, Ghinai I. Lessons from polio eradication. Nature (2011) 473:446–447.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bence NF, Sampat RM, Kopito RR. Impairment of the ubiquitin-proteasome system by protein aggregation. Science (2001) 292:1552–1555.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Setty SRG, Tenza D, Sviderskaya EV, Bennett DC, Raposo G, Marks MS. Cell-specific ATP7A transport sustains copper-dependent tyrosinase activity in melanosomes. Nature (2008) 454:1142–1146.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Good PI. Introduction to Statistics Through Resampling Methods and R. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (2013).
An edited book
1.
Halperin E, Sharvit K eds. The Social Psychology of Intractable Conflicts: Celebrating the Legacy of Daniel Bar-Tal, Volume I. Cham: Springer International Publishing (2015).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Raoprasert T, Islam SMN. “Preliminary Data Analysis and Results: Descriptive Statistics and Reliability Tests,” in Designing an Efficient Management System: Modeling of Convergence Factors Exemplified by the Case of Japanese Businesses in Thailand Contributions to Management Science., ed. S. M. N. Islam (Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD), 95–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Immunology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. How Dangerous Is The Sodium Cyanide Found At The Chinese Explosion Site? IFLScience (2015)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations: Federal Coordination Efforts Could Be Further Strengthened. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office (2012).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Mathes MD. Exploring Factors That Enabled Financial Advisors and Their Firms to Improve Professional Performance After 2008. (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Sisario B. Lorde Makes Her Way To the Top of Chart. New York Times (2017)C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Immunology
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224
Scope

Other styles