How to format your references using the Frontiers in Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Brauman JI. Chemistry. Not so simple. Science (2008) 319:168.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Chaine AS, Lyon BE. Adaptive plasticity in female mate choice dampens sexual selection on male ornaments in the lark bunting. Science (2008) 319:459–462.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Green DR, Galluzzi L, Kroemer G. Cell biology. Metabolic control of cell death. Science (2014) 345:1250256.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Jørgensen C, Sherman A, Chen GI, Pasculescu A, Poliakov A, Hsiung M, Larsen B, Wilkinson DG, Linding R, Pawson T. Cell-specific information processing in segregating populations of Eph receptor ephrin-expressing cells. Science (2009) 326:1502–1509.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Morag N. Comparative Homeland Security. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (2011).
An edited book
1.
Picichè M ed. Dawn and Evolution of Cardiac Procedures: Research Avenues in Cardiac Surgery and Interventional Cardiology. Milano: Springer (2013).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bušić A, Pekergin N. “Closed Form Absorption Time Bounds,” in Formal Methods and Stochastic Models for Performance Evaluation: Fourth European Performance Engineering Workshop, EPEW 2007, Berlin, Germany, September 27-28, 2007. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., ed. K. Wolter (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 33–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Immunology.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J. Evidence For Ancient Mega-Tsunamis Discovered On Mars. IFLScience (2016) Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/space/evidence-ancient-ocean-mars-may-have-been-washed-away-mega-tsunamis/ [Accessed October 30, 2018]

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Battlefield Automation: Better Justification and Testing Needed for Common Computer Acquisition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office (1987).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Johnson C. Directed blogging with community college ESL students: Its effects on awareness of language acquisition processes. (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K. Where 146 Died in a Fire, And a Union Was Born. New York Times (2002)146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Immunology
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224
Scope

Other styles