How to format your references using the Inflammation Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Inflammation Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. von Hippel FN. Energy. Plutonium and reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel. Science. 2001;293:2397–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Maerkl SJ, Quake SR. A systems approach to measuring the binding energy landscapes of transcription factors. Science. 2007;315:233–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Grevemeyer I, Herber R, Essen HH. Microseismological evidence for a changing wave climate in the northeast Atlantic Ocean. Nature. 2000;408:349–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ramachandran N, Hainsworth E, Bhullar B, Eisenstein S, Rosen B, Lau AY, et al. Self-assembling protein microarrays. Science. 2004;305:86–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kissell J. Mac® Security Bible. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Itterheim S. Learn cocos2D Game Development with iOS 5. Löw A, editor. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kasper AC, Juchneski NC de F, Veit HM. Mechanical Processing. In: Veit HM, Moura Bernardes A, editors. Electronic Waste: Recycling Techniques. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 19–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Inflammation Research.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Five Deadly Parasites That Have Crossed The Globe. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Better Oversight Would Reduce the Risk of Air Taxi Accidents. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Feb. Report No.: T-RCED-92-27.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Geiselman CK. Diet and reproduction of sympatric nectar-feeding bat species (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) in French Guiana [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. The Kennedy Factor On the Roberts Court. New York Times. 2006 Dec 31;42.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInflammation Research
AbbreviationInflamm. Res.
ISSN (print)1023-3830
ISSN (online)1420-908X

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