How to format your references using the Materials Today Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Materials Today Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Nürnberg, PALEOCLIMATE: Taking the Temperature of Past Ocean Surfaces, Science. 289 (2000) 1698–1699.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.W. Scotland, M.J. Sanderson, The significance of few versus many in the tree of life, Science. 303 (2004) 643.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.C. Pack, V.K. Berezovskii, R.T. Born, Dynamic properties of neurons in cortical area MT in alert and anaesthetized macaque monkeys, Nature. 414 (2001) 905–908.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P.L. Arnold, D. Patel, C. Wilson, J.B. Love, Reduction and selective oxo group silylation of the uranyl dication, Nature. 451 (2008) 315–317.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. Davies, Designing and Developing Scalable IP Networks, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
Z.L. Liu, ed., Microbial Stress Tolerance for Biofuels: Systems Biology, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Cavaletto, M.G. Giuffrida, A. Conti, Milk Fat Globule Membrane Components–A Proteomic Approach, in: Z. Bösze (Ed.), Bioactive Components of Milk, Springer, New York, NY, 2008: pp. 129–141.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Materials Today Chemistry.

Blog post
J. Fang, Things You Can Do With A Hundred Pounds of Magnetic Putty, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Reimbursable Space Act Agreements: NASA Generally Adhering to Fair Reimbursement Controls, but Guidance on Waived Cost Justifications Needs Refinement, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Stevenson, Differences in physical activity behavior between insulin using diabetics versus non-insulin using diabetics, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Shpigel, Rangers Unearth Vigor in a Clinching Win, New York Times. (2017) SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaterials Today Chemistry
ISSN (print)2468-5194

Other styles