How to format your references using the Materials Today Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Materials Today Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Kaiser, The search for clean cash, Nature. 472 (2011) 30–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
E.S. Istvan, J. Deisenhofer, Structural mechanism for statin inhibition of HMG-CoA reductase, Science. 292 (2001) 1160–1164.
A journal article with 3 authors
P.C. Loughlin, R.D. Willows, M. Chen, In vitro conversion of vinyl to formyl groups in naturally occurring chlorophylls, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6069.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R.L. Rietze, H. Valcanis, G.F. Brooker, T. Thomas, A.K. Voss, P.F. Bartlett, Purification of a pluripotent neural stem cell from the adult mouse brain, Nature. 412 (2001) 736–739.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G.A. Korn, Advanced Dynamic-System Simulation, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
J.F. Quesada, F.-J. Martín Mateos, T. Lopez-Soto, eds., Future and Emergent Trends in Language Technology: First International Workshop, FETLT 2015, Seville, Spain, November 19-20, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Salonitis, J. Pandremenos, J. Paralikas, G. Chryssolouris, Multifunctional Materials Used in Automotive Industry: A Critical Review, in: S. Pantelakis, C. Rodopoulos (Eds.), Engineering Against Fracture: Proceedings of the 1st Conference, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2009: pp. 59–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Materials Today Chemistry.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Mysterious Luminous Blob Is A Giant Galaxy Waiting To Form, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Security of Computer Systems, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C.S. Caltrider, Critical Pedagogy Unit of Ceramics Instruction: Fostering Civic Engagement in California High School Students, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
E. Rosenberg, Louise Rennison, 64, Young-Adult Author, New York Times. (2016) D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaterials Today Chemistry
ISSN (print)2468-5194

Other styles