How to format your references using the Frontiers in Communication citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Communication. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kazazian, H. H., Jr (2004). Mobile elements: drivers of genome evolution. Science 303, 1626–1632.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwarzkopf, D. S., and Rees, G. (2010). Neuroscience. Brain activity to rely on? Science 327, 43–44.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schoemaker, H. E., Mink, D., and Wubbolts, M. G. (2003). Dispelling the myths--biocatalysis in industrial synthesis. Science 299, 1694–1697.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lin, C.-W., Zhao, Z., Kim, J., and Huang, J. (2014). Pencil drawn strain gauges and chemiresistors on paper. Sci. Rep. 4, 3812.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rosier, J. A., Martens, M. A., and Thomas, J. R. (2014). Global New Drug Development. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kowalczyk, R., Huhns, M., Klusch, M., Maamar, Z., and Vo, Q. B. eds. (2008). Service-Oriented Computing: Agents, Semantics, and Engineering: AAMAS 2008 International Workshop, SOCASE 2008, Estoril, Portugal, May 12, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Doumit, S., and Minai, A. (2012). “Exploration for Agents with Different Personalities in Unknown Environments,” in Unifying Themes in Complex Systems VII: Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Complex Systems, eds. A. A. Minai, D. Braha, and Y. Bar-Yam (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 44–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Communication.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2016). Researchers Have Sequenced Giraffe and Okapi Genomes For The First Time. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982). The Cost Effectiveness of an Education Assistance Program (GI Bill) as a Recruiting Incentive Is Unknown. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ortiz Martinez, B. (2009). Diabetes among older Latino adults.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Palmer, E., and Otis, J. (2016). Neediest Cases Fund Opens 105th Campaign. New York Times, A30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kazazian, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Kazazian, 2004; Schwarzkopf and Rees, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schwarzkopf and Rees, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Lin et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Communication
AbbreviationFront. Commun.
ISSN (online)2297-900X

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