How to format your references using the Frontiers in Communication citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Communication. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gabbaï, F. P. (2013). Chemistry. Lewis acids with a difference. Science 341, 1348–1349.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lardner, B., and bin Lakim, M. (2002). Animal communication: tree-hole frogs exploit resonance effects. Nature 420, 475.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vinther, J., Van Roy, P., and Briggs, D. E. G. (2008). Machaeridians are Palaeozoic armoured annelids. Nature 451, 185–188.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang, H., Zhu, X., Li, H., Cui, J., Liu, C., Chen, X., et al. (2014). Induction of caspase-3-like activity in rice following release of cytochrome-f from the chloroplast and subsequent interaction with the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Sci. Rep. 4, 5989.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Armaroli, N., and Balzani, V. (2010). Energy for a Sustainable World. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Giovanni, G., Di Matteo, V., and Esposito, E. eds. (2009). Birth, Life and Death of Dopaminergic Neurons in the Substantia Nigra. Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Capano, G., Regini, M., and Turri, M. (2016). “Autonomy and Funding: The Reforms of the Late 1980s to the Mid-1990s,” in Changing Governance in Universities: Italian Higher Education in Comparative Perspective, eds. M. Regini and M. Turri (London: Palgrave Macmillan UK), 65–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Communication.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015). Astronomers Spot ENORMOUS Black Hole From The Dawn Of The Universe. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1972). Review of the Emergency School Assistance Program Community Grants Awarded to the Nashville Urban League by the Office of Education, HEW. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moreau, G. A. (2009). Touch and psychotherapy: A journey to the depths of the unconscious and back again.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017). Russian, Making Use of Rule, Again Prospers Without Succeeding. New York Times, B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gabbaï, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Lardner and bin Lakim, 2002; Gabbaï, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lardner and bin Lakim, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Communication
AbbreviationFront. Commun.
ISSN (online)2297-900X

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