How to format your references using the Frontiers in Communication citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Communication. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohen, J. (2015). AIDS. No end in sight. Science 349, 230–231.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lindsay, M. E., and Dietz, H. C. (2011). Lessons on the pathogenesis of aneurysm from heritable conditions. Nature 473, 308–316.
A journal article with 3 authors
Angell, S. Y., Danel, I., and DeCock, K. M. (2012). Global health. Global indicators and targets for noncommunicable diseases. Science 337, 1456–1457.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Obita, T., Saksena, S., Ghazi-Tabatabai, S., Gill, D. J., Perisic, O., Emr, S. D., et al. (2007). Structural basis for selective recognition of ESCRT-III by the AAA ATPase Vps4. Nature 449, 735–739.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Agachi, P. Ş., Nagy, Z. K., Cristea, M. V., and Imre-Lucaci, Á. (2006). Model Based Control. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Denoeux, T., and Masson, M.-H. eds. (2012). Belief Functions: Theory and Applications: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Belief Functions, Compiègne, France 9-11 May 2012. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bergbreiter, S., Gerratt, A. P., and Vogtmann, D. (2014). “Progress Toward Mobility in Microfabricated Millirobots,” in Small-Scale Robotics. From Nano-to-Millimeter-Sized Robotic Systems and Applications: First International Workshop at ICRA 2013, Karlsruhe, Germany, May 6, 2013, Revised and Extended Papers Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. I. Paprotny and S. Bergbreiter (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 39–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Communication.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016). A Teenager May Help NASA Decide Where To Land Its Next Mars Rover. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988). Leasing Office Space: FAA’s Denver Solicitation May Have Unduly Restricted Competition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dues, P. M. (2010). Quantitative correlation of enterprise resource planning type, success, and technology leadership style in local government.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lyall, S. (2014). Olympic Fears Rattle Athletes and Families. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cohen, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Cohen, 2015; Lindsay and Dietz, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lindsay and Dietz, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Obita et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Communication
AbbreviationFront. Commun.
ISSN (online)2297-900X

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