How to format your references using the Frontiers in Communication citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Communication. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kling, J. (2015). Cytometry: Measure for measure. Nature 518, 439–443.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gudmundsson, A., and Mohajeri, N. (2013). Entropy and order in urban street networks. Sci. Rep. 3, 3324.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lavine, M., Szuromi, P., and Coontz, R. (2011). Materials for grid energy. Electricity now and when. Introduction. Science 334, 921.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Himeno, M., Kitazawa, Y., Yoshida, T., Maejima, K., Yamaji, Y., Oshima, K., et al. (2014). Purple top symptoms are associated with reduction of leaf cell death in phytoplasma-infected plants. Sci. Rep. 4, 4111.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Christophers, B. (2013). Banking Across Boundaries. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gabbay, D. M. (2011). Conditionals and Modularity in General Logics. , ed. K. Schlechta Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Licata, A. A., and Williams, S. E. (2014). “The DXA Report: What Every Referring Clinician Needs to Know,” in A DXA Primer for the Practicing Clinician: A Case-Based Manual for Understanding and Interpreting Bone Densitometry, ed. S. E. Williams (New York, NY: Springer), 43–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Communication.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Rosetta Spacecraft Targets Comet Landing Site. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977). Concerted Effort Needed to Improve Indian Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mocilnikar, G. E. (2011). Playing with movies: An examination of the interactions between music and film in “Fantasie for horn and film.”

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007). Guantánamo Detainees Enjoy Historic Protections, Administration Says. New York Times, A29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kling, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gudmundsson and Mohajeri, 2013; Kling, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gudmundsson and Mohajeri, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Himeno et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Communication
AbbreviationFront. Commun.
ISSN (online)2297-900X

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