How to format your references using the Future Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Future Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kelly RL. Retrospective. Lewis R. Binford (1931-2011). Science. 332(6032), 928 (2011).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Mears CA, Wentz FJ. The effect of diurnal correction on satellite-derived lower tropospheric temperature. Science. 309(5740), 1548–1551 (2005).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Oberholzer S, Sukhorukov EV, Schönenberger C. Crossover between classical and quantum shot noise in chaotic cavities. Nature. 415(6873), 765–767 (2002).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Steklov M, Pandolfi S, Baietti MF, et al. Mutations in LZTR1 drive human disease by dysregulating RAS ubiquitination. Science. (2018).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Diver DA. Plasma Formulary for Physics, Astronomy, and Technology. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
1.
Nambiar R, Poess M, editors. Performance Characterization and Benchmarking. Traditional to Big Data: 6th TPC Technology Conference, TPCTC 2014, Hangzhou, China, September 1--5, 2014. Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hishida T. Asymptotic Structure of Steady Stokes Flow Around a Rotating Obstacle in Two Dimensions. In: Mathematical Fluid Dynamics, Present and Future: Tokyo, Japan, November 2014. Shibata Y, Suzuki Y (Eds.), Springer Japan, Tokyo, 95–137 (2016).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Future Microbiology.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A. Bright Spots On Ceres Much Younger Than Previously Thought. IFLScience (2017).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Army Deployment: Better Transportation Planning Is Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Black DD. Franz Liszt’s “Via Crucis”: A summation of the composer’s styles and beliefs. (2014).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. Obama Is President, but Football Is King. New York Times, B15 (2011).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuture Microbiology
AbbreviationFuture Microbiol.
ISSN (print)1746-0913
ISSN (online)1746-0921
ScopeMicrobiology
Microbiology (medical)

Other styles