How to format your references using the Future Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Future Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weinert T. Cell biology. What a cell should know (but may not). Science. 315(5817), 1374–1375 (2007).
A journal article with 2 authors
Dustin ML, Meyer-Hermann M. Immunology. Antigen feast or famine. Science. 335(6067), 408–409 (2012).
A journal article with 3 authors
Yonekura K, Maki-Yonekura S, Namba K. Complete atomic model of the bacterial flagellar filament by electron cryomicroscopy. Nature. 424(6949), 643–650 (2003).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Stowers L, Holy TE, Meister M, Dulac C, Koentges G. Loss of sex discrimination and male-male aggression in mice deficient for TRP2. Science. 295(5559), 1493–1500 (2002).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nordenström J. The Hunt for the Parathyroids. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.
An edited book
Chen J. The Vixen Star Book User Guide: How to Use the Star Book TEN and the Original Star Book. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Agterberg DF. Magnetoelectric Effects, Helical Phases, and FFLO Phases. In: Non-Centrosymmetric Superconductors: Introduction and Overview. Bauer E, Sigrist M (Eds.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 155–170 (2012).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Future Microbiology.

Blog post
Hale T. Parents Found Responsible For Their Toddler’s Meningitis Death [Internet]. IFLScience (2016). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Higher Education: Factors Lenders Consider in Making Lending Decisions for Private Education Loans. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vargas AR. Implementing modern geographic technology in the trucking industry: A case study. (2010).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. August 13-19; Czar Beatified. New York Times, 42 (2000).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuture Microbiology
AbbreviationFuture Microbiol.
ISSN (print)1746-0913
ISSN (online)1746-0921
Microbiology (medical)

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