How to format your references using the Future Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Future Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Eisenstein M. Vaccines: Know your enemy. Nature. 471(7339), S8-9 (2011).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kleckner D, Bouwmeester D. Sub-kelvin optical cooling of a micromechanical resonator. Nature. 444(7115), 75–78 (2006).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sansom RS, Gabbott SE, Purnell MA. Non-random decay of chordate characters causes bias in fossil interpretation. Nature. 463(7282), 797–800 (2010).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Pauwels L, Barbero GF, Geerinck J, et al. NINJA connects the co-repressor TOPLESS to jasmonate signalling. Nature. 464(7289), 788–791 (2010).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Fanchi JR. Math Refresher for Scientists and Engineers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
1.
Casas F, Martínez V, editors. Advances in Differential Equations and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Dolev S, Liba O, Schiller EM. Self-stabilizing Byzantine Resilient Topology Discovery and Message Delivery. In: Networked Systems: First International Conference, NETYS 2013, Marrakech, Morocco, May 2-4, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Gramoli V, Guerraoui R (Eds.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 42–57 (2013).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Future Microbiology.

Blog post
1.
Taub B. Iowa Democratic Party Becomes First In US To Back Legalizing All Drugs [Internet]. IFLScience (2016). Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/iowa-democratic-party-becomes-first-us-back-legalizing-all-drugs/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. DOD is Making Progress in Adopting Best Practices for the Transformational Satellite Communications System and Space Radar but Still Faces Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ellerbrook SL. Exploring the efficiency and effectiveness of teacher selection tools: The effects on the total group with a focus on the gender sub-groups. (2009).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Billard M. A Texas Address Migrates. New York Times, E6 (2010).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuture Microbiology
AbbreviationFuture Microbiol.
ISSN (print)1746-0913
ISSN (online)1746-0921
ScopeMicrobiology
Microbiology (medical)

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