How to format your references using the Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T. Scarpa, Research funding: peer review at NIH, Science. 311 (2006) 41.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Bayer, J. Colgrove, Public health vs. civil liberties, Science. 297 (2002) 1811.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. Teufel, T. Friedrich, G. Fuchs, An oxygenase that forms and deoxygenates toxic epoxide, Nature. 483 (2012) 359–362.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Fröhlich, J. Kisielow, I. Schmitz, S. Freigang, A.T. Shamshiev, J. Weber, B.J. Marsland, A. Oxenius, M. Kopf, IL-21R on T cells is critical for sustained functionality and control of chronic viral infection, Science. 324 (2009) 1576–1580.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Suárez, Analysis and Design of Autonomous Microwave Circuits, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2008.
An edited book
T. Peroš-Golubičić, Clinical Atlas of Interstitial Lung Disease, Springer, London, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Mumford, Work Based Learning: A Structure for Learning Through Work, in: S.P. Goggins, I. Jahnke, V. Wulf (Eds.), Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning at the Workplace: CSCL@Work, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2013: pp. 89–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, The Ocean Inside Enceladus May Be Tantalizingly Within Our Reach, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Amtrak Training: Improvements Needed for Employees Who Inspect and Maintain Rail Equipment, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
V.K. Muniyappa, Performance analysis of IPv4 versus IPv6 in a simple campus network, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. Kelly, An Island, Untamed and Divided, New York Times. (2008) WE1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaterials Science in Semiconductor Processing
AbbreviationMater. Sci. Semicond. Process.
ISSN (print)1369-8001
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles