How to format your references using the Journal of Nonlinear Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nonlinear Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Collins, H.: We cannot live by scepticism alone. Nature. 458, 30 (2009)
A journal article with 2 authors
Mohd-Sarip, A., Verrijzer, C.P.: Molecular biology. A higher order of silence. Science. 306, 1484–1485 (2004)
A journal article with 3 authors
Callender, C., Quinn, I., Tymoczko, D.: Generalized voice-leading spaces. Science. 320, 346–348 (2008)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wood, J.G., Rogina, B., Lavu, S., Howitz, K., Helfand, S.L., Tatar, M., Sinclair, D.: Sirtuin activators mimic caloric restriction and delay ageing in metazoans. Nature. 430, 686–689 (2004)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Le Bodic, G.: Mobile Messaging Technologies and Services. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2005)
An edited book
Zachos, F.E., Habel, J.C. eds: Biodiversity Hotspots: Distribution and Protection of Conservation Priority Areas. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Estep, P., Hoekstra, A.: The Leverage and Centrality of Mind. In: Aguirre, A., Foster, B., and Merali, Z. (eds.) How Should Humanity Steer the Future? pp. 37–47. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nonlinear Science.

Blog post
Felton, J.: Video: The Moment A Frilled-Neck Lizard Attacks An 18-Year-Old Trying To Help It


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Air Traffic Control: FAA Uses Earned Value Techniques to Help Manage Information Technology Acquisitions, but Needs to Clarify Policy and Strengthen Oversight. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2008)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Denney, V.P.: Achieving a Competitive Advantage through Ethical Business Practices: An Ethnographical Case Study, (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pennington, B., Belson, K.: Panthers’ Newton Stands Out in a Quieter Week of Player Protests, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Collins 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Collins 2009; Mohd-Sarip and Verrijzer 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mohd-Sarip and Verrijzer 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Wood et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nonlinear Science
AbbreviationJ. Nonlinear Sci.
ISSN (print)0938-8974
ISSN (online)1432-1467
ScopeGeneral Engineering
Applied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles