How to format your references using the Journal of Nonlinear Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nonlinear Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moore, P.: Simplifying the probe set. Nature. 435, 238 (2005)
A journal article with 2 authors
Desai, S.A., Miller, L.H.: Malaria: Protein-export pathway illuminated. Nature. 511, 541–542 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, Y., Ramu, Y., Lu, Z.: Removal of phospho-head groups of membrane lipids immobilizes voltage sensors of K+ channels. Nature. 451, 826–829 (2008)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brangwynne, C.P., Eckmann, C.R., Courson, D.S., Rybarska, A., Hoege, C., Gharakhani, J., Jülicher, F., Hyman, A.A.: Germline P granules are liquid droplets that localize by controlled dissolution/condensation. Science. 324, 1729–1732 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu, H.H.: Oracle Database Performance and Scalability. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2011)
An edited book
Tjeerdema, R.S. ed: Aquatic Life Water Quality Criteria for Selected Pesticides. Springer US, Boston, MA (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Ben Abdesslem, F., Iannone, L., Dias de Amorim, M., Obraczka, K., Solis, I., Fdida, S.: A Prototyping Environment for Wireless Multihop Networks. In: Fdida, S. and Sugiura, K. (eds.) Sustainable Internet: Third Asian Internet Engineering Conference, AINTEC 2007, Phuket, Thailand, November 27-29, 2007. Proceedings. pp. 33–47. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2007)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nonlinear Science.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: Corals Beat Heat By Swapping Algal Partners,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Correctional Institutions Can Do More To Improve the Employability of Offenders. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1979)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gomez, D.A.: System of systems engineering: Prescribing the technical development effort to engineer a constituent system, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Callahan, K.: Quotation Of The Day, (2011)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moore 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Desai and Miller 2014; Moore 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Desai and Miller 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Brangwynne et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nonlinear Science
AbbreviationJ. Nonlinear Sci.
ISSN (print)0938-8974
ISSN (online)1432-1467
ScopeGeneral Engineering
Applied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles