How to format your references using the Journal of Nonlinear Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nonlinear Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grafton, A.: Lisa Jardine (1944-2015). Nature. 528, 40 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Jaeger, H., Haas, H.: Harnessing nonlinearity: predicting chaotic systems and saving energy in wireless communication. Science. 304, 78–80 (2004)
A journal article with 3 authors
Bréon, F.-M., Tanré, D., Generoso, S.: Aerosol effect on cloud droplet size monitored from satellite. Science. 295, 834–838 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Levitus, S., Antonov, J.I., Wang, J., Delworth, T.L., Dixon, K.W., Broccoli, A.J.: Anthropogenic warming of Earth’s climate system. Science. 292, 267–270 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Segal, H.P.: Utopias. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2012)
An edited book
Thomopoulos, S., Birman, V., Genin, G.M. eds: Structural Interfaces and Attachments in Biology. Springer, New York, NY (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Jana, M., Kumar, P., Panda, G.: Efficient Portfolio for Interval Sharpe Ratio Model. In: Mohapatra, R.N., Chowdhury, D.R., and Giri, D. (eds.) Mathematics and Computing: ICMC, Haldia, India, January 2015. pp. 59–77. Springer India, New Delhi (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nonlinear Science.

Blog post
Fang, J.: NASA’s Messenger Will Crash Into Mercury This Month,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Social Security Administration’s Systems Modernization Plan. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1989)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Greenfield, D.: Beyond Super Heroes and Talking Animals: Social Justice in Graphic Novels in Education, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L.: 3 Former Executives Of Symbol on Trial, (2006)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grafton 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Grafton 2015; Jaeger and Haas 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jaeger and Haas 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Levitus et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nonlinear Science
AbbreviationJ. Nonlinear Sci.
ISSN (print)0938-8974
ISSN (online)1432-1467
ScopeGeneral Engineering
Applied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles