How to format your references using the Journal of Nonlinear Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nonlinear Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Klug, A.: Structural biology and biochemistry. Retrospective: Max Perutz (1914-2002). Science. 295, 2382–2383 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Sergienko, O.V., Hindmarsh, R.C.A.: Regular patterns in frictional resistance of ice-stream beds seen by surface data inversion. Science. 342, 1086–1089 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Steck, D.A., Oskay, W.H., Raizen, M.G.: Observation of chaos-assisted tunneling between islands of stability. Science. 293, 274–278 (2001)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pang, W.-W., Zhang, P., Zhang, G.-C., Xu, A.-G., Zhao, X.-G.: Dislocation creation and void nucleation in FCC ductile metals under tensile loading: a general microscopic picture. Sci. Rep. 4, 6981 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kramer, H.: Angewandte Baudynamik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2013)
An edited book
Tobimatsu, S., Kakigi, R. eds: Clinical Applications of Magnetoencephalography. Springer Japan, Tokyo (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Boudjadar, A., Dingel, J., Madzar, B., Kim, J.H.: Compositional Predictability Analysis of Mixed Critical Real Time Systems. In: Artho, C. and Ölveczky, P.C. (eds.) Formal Techniques for Safety-Critical Systems: 4th International Workshop, FTSCS 2015, Paris, France, November 6-7, 2015. Revised Selected Papers. pp. 69–84. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nonlinear Science.

Blog post
Hale, T.: How To Make The Perfect Grilled Cheese Sandwich With Science


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Tactical Airlift: Issues Concerning Air Force Plans for Pacific Distribution System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1989)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Subramanian, K.: Mechanisms and Effect of Microstructure on High Temperature Deformation of Gamma-TiAl Based Alloys, (2003)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M.: Just 30 Pieces of Glamour, (2010)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Klug 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Klug 2002; Sergienko and Hindmarsh 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sergienko and Hindmarsh 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Pang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nonlinear Science
AbbreviationJ. Nonlinear Sci.
ISSN (print)0938-8974
ISSN (online)1432-1467
ScopeGeneral Engineering
Applied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles