How to format your references using the Journal of Nonlinear Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nonlinear Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anand, M.: Planetary science. Analyzing Moon rocks. Science. 344, 365–366 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Sung, S., Amasino, R.M.: Vernalization in Arabidopsis thaliana is mediated by the PHD finger protein VIN3. Nature. 427, 159–164 (2004)
A journal article with 3 authors
Carrez, P., Ferré, D., Cordier, P.: Implications for plastic flow in the deep mantle from modelling dislocations in MgSiO3 minerals. Nature. 446, 68–70 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jiang, L., Li, J.K., Cheng, P.M., Liu, G., Wang, R.H., Chen, B.A., Zhang, J.Y., Sun, J., Yang, M.X., Yang, G.: Microalloying ultrafine grained Al alloys with enhanced ductility. Sci. Rep. 4, 3605 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rezg, N., Dellagi, S., Khatab, A.: Joint Optimization of Maintenance and Production Policies. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2014)
An edited book
Cruz-Uribe, D.V.: Weights, Extrapolation and the Theory of Rubio de Francia. Springer, Basel (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Gulliver, J.S.: Transport in the Environment. In: Gulliver, J.S. (ed.) Transport and Fate of Chemicals in the Environment: Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. pp. 65–88. Springer, New York, NY (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nonlinear Science.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: Cat Eyes Provide Solution For Looking Inside Nuclear Reactors


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Passenger Rail Security: Enhanced Federal Leadership Needed to Prioritize and Guide Security Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2007)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Diniega, S.: Modeling aeolian dune and dune field evolution, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, R.: The New Southern Male, (2000)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Anand 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Anand 2014; Sung and Amasino 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sung and Amasino 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Jiang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nonlinear Science
AbbreviationJ. Nonlinear Sci.
ISSN (print)0938-8974
ISSN (online)1432-1467
ScopeGeneral Engineering
Applied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles