How to format your references using the Irish Veterinary Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Irish Veterinary Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lawrence PA. Retiring retirement. Nature. 2008;453:588–90.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kress TL, Guthrie C. Molecular biology. Accurate RNA siting and splicing gets help from a DEK-hand. Science. 2006;312:1886–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Carlos C, Torres TT, Ottoboni LMM. Bacterial communities and species-specific associations with the mucus of Brazilian coral species. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1624.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Song X, Peng C, Zhou G, Jiang H, Wang W. Chinese Grain for Green Program led to highly increased soil organic carbon levels: a meta-analysis. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4460.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Dorronsoro B, Ruiz P, Danoy G, Pigné Y, Bouvry P. Evolutionary Algorithms for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Galizia CG, Lledo P-M, editors. Neurosciences - From Molecule to Behavior: a university textbook. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Taylor EM, Rodríguez O. C, Velásquez JD, Ghosh G, Banerjee S. Web Opinion Mining and Sentimental Analysis. In: Velásquez JD, Palade V, Jain LC, editors. Advanced Techniques in Web Intelligence-2: Web User Browsing Behaviour and Preference Analysis. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 105–26.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Irish Veterinary Journal.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Old Mice Drinking Champagne Three Times A Week Navigate Labyrinths Better. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. [Request for Decision on EEOC Employee’s Claim for Transportation Expenses]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Jul. Report No.: B-256635.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Chung EK. The Sophisticated Genetic Diversities of Human Complement Component C4 and RCCX Modules in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2003.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Alderman L. Romanian’s Tale Has Art World Fearing Worst. New York Times. 2013 Jul 19;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIrish Veterinary Journal
AbbreviationIr. Vet. J.
ISSN (online)2046-0481
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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