How to format your references using the Irish Veterinary Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Irish Veterinary Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Penrose O. An asymmetric world. Nature. 2005;438:919.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Smith JL, Sherman DH. Biochemistry. An enzyme assembly line. Science. 2008;321:1304–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Woodruff JD, Irish JL, Camargo SJ. Coastal flooding by tropical cyclones and sea-level rise. Nature. 2013;504:44–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhou WP, Li Q, Xiong YQ, Zhang QM, Wang DH, Cao QQ, et al. Electric field manipulation of magnetic and transport properties in SrRuO3/Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 heterostructure. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6991.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. McDonnell G, Sheard D. A Practical Guide to Decontamination in Healthcare. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1. Lytras MD, Ordonez de Pablos P, Damiani E, Avison D, Naeve A, Horner DG, editors. Best Practices for the Knowledge Society. Knowledge, Learning, Development and Technology for All: Second World Summit on the Knowledge Society, WSKS 2009, Chania, Crete, Greece, September 16-18, 2009. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Etemad L, Moshiri M, Moallem SA. Chronic Toxicity of Organophosphorus Compounds. In: Balali-Mood M, Abdollahi M, editors. Basic and Clinical Toxicology of Organophosphorus Compounds. London: Springer; 2014. p. 79–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Irish Veterinary Journal.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Enormous Cavern Containing A Knights Templar Church Has Been Found Hiding Beneath A Farmer’s Field [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/knights-templar-church-found-hiding-beneath-farmers-field/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. High-Speed Ground Transportation: Issues Affecting Development in the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Nov. Report No.: RCED-94-29.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Shearer J. Application of the recovery model in clinical practice [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Brantley B. Awaiting Execution, a Prophet Holds Forth. New York Times. 2016 Sep 27;C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIrish Veterinary Journal
AbbreviationIr. Vet. J.
ISSN (online)2046-0481
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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