How to format your references using the Irish Veterinary Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Irish Veterinary Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Beard C. Paleontology. East of Eden at the Paleocene/Eocene boundary. Science. 2002;295:2028–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Sahakian B, Morein-Zamir S. Professor’s little helper. Nature. 2007;450:1157–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Sun BK, Siprashvili Z, Khavari PA. Advances in skin grafting and treatment of cutaneous wounds. Science. 2014;346:941–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lawton RO, Nair US, Pielke Sr RA, Welch RM. Climatic impact of tropical lowland deforestation on nearby montane cloud forests. Science. 2001;294:584–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hopkins D. Reading Paradise Lost. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1. Scharrer I, Schramm W, editors. 37th Hemophilia Symposium. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Carlson DL, Albright J. The Proliferation of Assessment. In: Carlson DL, Albright J, editors. Composing a Care of the Self: A Critical History of Writing Assessment in Secondary English Education. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012. p. 101–22.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Irish Veterinary Journal.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. This Is What Climate Change Deniers Sound Like To Normal People [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/how-climate-change-deniers-sound-normal-people/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Customs Service Modernization: Results of Review of First Automated Commercial Environment Expenditure Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Jun. Report No.: GAO-01-696.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Matos G. Re-fashioning goddesses: Exploring women’s archetypal fashion in the classroom [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Eligon J. Praise For Victim Prompts A Debate. New York Times. 2017 May 2;A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIrish Veterinary Journal
AbbreviationIr. Vet. J.
ISSN (online)2046-0481
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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