How to format your references using the Irish Veterinary Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Irish Veterinary Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Finkelstein G. Essays on science and society. Romanticism, race, and recapitulation. Science. 2001;294:2101–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. West PM, Packer C. Sexual selection, temperature, and the lion’s mane. Science. 2002;297:1339–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Clark TA, Sugnet CW, Ares M Jr. Genomewide analysis of mRNA processing in yeast using splicing-specific microarrays. Science. 2002;296:907–10.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Takasaki T, Hatakeyama K, Suzuki G, Watanabe M, Isogai A, Hinata K. The S receptor kinase determines self-incompatibility in Brassica stigma. Nature. 2000;403:913–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ahonen TT. m-Profits. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1. Liu L, Zhu Q, Cheng L, Wang Y, Zhao D, editors. Applied Methods and Techniques for Mechatronic Systems: Modelling, Identification and Control. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Brunel E, Delling D, Gemsa A, Wagner D. Space-Efficient SHARC-Routing. In: Festa P, editor. Experimental Algorithms: 9th International Symposium, SEA 2010, Ischia Island, Naples, Italy, May 20-22, 2010 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 47–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Irish Veterinary Journal.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Stomach Ulcer Bacteria Evolve To Outwit Immune System [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/stomach-ulcer-bacteria-evolve-outwit-immune-system/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Serious Shortcomings in FAA’s Training Program Must Be Remedied. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Jun. Report No.: T-RCED-90-86.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kim H. Empathy in the Early Childhood Classroom: Exploring Teachers’ Perceptions, Understanding and Practices [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Brantley B. It’s Delectable, It’s Delirious, Or Maybe It’s Only Dopamine. New York Times. 2016 Mar 21;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIrish Veterinary Journal
AbbreviationIr. Vet. J.
ISSN (online)2046-0481
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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