How to format your references using the Irish Veterinary Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Irish Veterinary Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P. Argentina’s pivotal moment. Nature. 2008;451:494–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Cheung ACM, Cramer P. Structural basis of RNA polymerase II backtracking, arrest and reactivation. Nature. 2011;471:249–53.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Sobolev AV, Hofmann AW, Nikogosian IK. Recycled oceanic crust observed in “ghost plagioclase” within the source of Mauna Loa lavas. Nature. 2000;404:986–90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zheng Y, Josefowicz SZ, Kas A, Chu T-T, Gavin MA, Rudensky AY. Genome-wide analysis of Foxp3 target genes in developing and mature regulatory T cells. Nature. 2007;445:936–40.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Pandrea N, Stănescu N-D. Dynamics of the Rigid Solid with General Constraints by a Multibody Approach. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1. Bella SD. The Science of the Individual: Leibniz’s Ontology of Individual Substance. Bencivenga E, Berthold-Bond D, Earle WJ, Ferguson A, Lloyd D, editors. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Suzuki S. Control Scheme for Automatic Takeoff and Landing of Small Electric Helicopter. In: Nonami K, Kartidjo M, Yoon K-J, Budiyono A, editors. Autonomous Control Systems and Vehicles: Intelligent Unmanned Systems. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2013. p. 73–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Irish Veterinary Journal.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. How Risky Are The World Economic Forum’s Top 10 Emerging Technologies For 2016? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/how-risky-are-the-worlds-economic-forums-top-ten-emerging-technologies-for-2016/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Alternative Jet Fuels: Federal Activities Support Development and Usage, but Long-term Commercial Viability Hinges on Market Factors. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 May. Report No.: GAO-14-407.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Dinh W. Elderly Vietnamese’ perceptions of the effects of Adult Day Health Care services on their mental and physical well-being [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Almosawa S, Hubbard B. Blast ‘So Vile’ It Could Alter War in Yemen. New York Times. 2016 Oct 10;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIrish Veterinary Journal
AbbreviationIr. Vet. J.
ISSN (online)2046-0481
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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