How to format your references using the Materials Discovery Today citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Materials Discovery Today. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B.K. Carpenter, Chemistry. Taking the high road and getting there before you, Science. 332 (2011) 1269–1270.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Marotzke, P.M. Forster, Forcing, feedback and internal variability in global temperature trends, Nature. 517 (2015) 565–570.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.D. Powell, P.J. Vickery, T.A. Reinhold, Reduced drag coefficient for high wind speeds in tropical cyclones, Nature. 422 (2003) 279–283.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Tan, W. Wang, C. Xu, S. Zhang, Laser confocal feedback tomography and nano-step height measurement, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2971.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S.D. Summerhayes, CDM Regulations 2015 Procedures Manual, John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
W.S. Hanson, I.A. Oltean, eds., Archaeology from Historical Aerial and Satellite Archives, Springer, New York, NY, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Van Strydonck, Radiocarbon Dating of Cremated Bones: An Overview, in: G. Grupe, G.C. McGlynn (Eds.), Isotopic Landscapes in Bioarchaeology, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2016: pp. 69–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Materials Discovery Today.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Paraplegic In “Ironman Suit” Will Take The First Kick In The 2014 World Cup, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, No Child Left Behind Act: Additional Assistance and Research on Effective Strategies Would Help Small Rural Districts, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G.J. Gill, The experience of family caregiving of the terminally ill: A phenomenological study, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.M. Chapman, B. Vlasic, Volvo Makes Comeback With Return to Its Values, New York Times. (2016) B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaterials Discovery Today
ISSN (print)2352-9245

Other styles