How to format your references using the Materials Discovery Today citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Materials Discovery Today. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
V.N. Manoharan, COLLOIDS. Colloidal matter: Packing, geometry, and entropy, Science. 349 (2015) 1253751.
A journal article with 2 authors
T.R. Insel, S. Landis, Allison Doupe (1954-2014), Nature. 515 (2014) 344.
A journal article with 3 authors
N. Blöchliger, A. Vitalis, A. Caflisch, High-resolution visualisation of the states and pathways sampled in molecular dynamics simulations, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6264.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Q. Jiang, K. Karata, R. Woodgate, M.M. Cox, M.F. Goodman, The active form of DNA polymerase V is UmuD’(2)C-RecA-ATP, Nature. 460 (2009) 359–363.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. Kassapoglou, Design and Analysis of Composite Structures, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2010.
An edited book
A. Ambrosetti, Perturbation Methods and Semilinear Elliptic Problems on Rn, Birkhäuser, Basel, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
L. González-Candelas, S. Alamar, A.R. Ballester, P. Sánchez-Torres, J. Forment, J. Gadea, M.T. Lafuente, L. Zacarías, J.F. Marcos, Global Regulation of Genes in Citrus Fruit in Response to the Postharvest Pathogen Penicillium digitatum, in: D. Prusky, M.L. Gullino (Eds.), Postharvest Pathology, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2010: pp. 57–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Materials Discovery Today.

Blog post
J. Davis, Ants Craft Their Own Powerful Antibiotics By Mixing Different Substances, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, United States Merchant Marine Academy: Internal Control Weaknesses Resulted in Improper Sources and Uses of Funds; Some Corrective Actions Are Under Way, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
H.T. Allen, The Songs of Lori Laitman: An Analysis of Sunflowers and Early Snow, Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K.P. Dwyer, Workers Warm to Contract Jobs, New York Times. (2006) 104.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaterials Discovery Today
ISSN (print)2352-9245

Other styles