How to format your references using the Materials Discovery Today citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Materials Discovery Today. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Greaves, Retrospective. Janet Rowley (1925-2013), Science. 343 (2014) 626.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Bisseling, B. Scheres, Plant Science. Nutrient computation for root architecture, Science. 346 (2014) 300–301.
A journal article with 3 authors
F. Kagawa, K. Miyagawa, K. Kanoda, Unconventional critical behaviour in a quasi-two-dimensional organic conductor, Nature. 436 (2005) 534–537.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.S. Song, L. Salmena, A. Carracedo, A. Egia, F. Lo-Coco, J. Teruya-Feldstein, P.P. Pandolfi, The deubiquitinylation and localization of PTEN are regulated by a HAUSP-PML network, Nature. 455 (2008) 813–817.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C.H. Elliott, L.L. Smith, Overcoming Anxiety for Dummies®, Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
J.K. Mandal, S.C. Satapathy, M. Kumar Sanyal, P.P. Sarkar, A. Mukhopadhyay, eds., Information Systems Design and Intelligent Applications: Proceedings of Second International Conference INDIA 2015, Volume 2, Springer India, New Delhi, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Venkatesh, D. Dunkle, A. Wortman, Family Life, Children and the Feminization of Computing, in: R. Harper (Ed.), The Connected Home: The Future of Domestic Life, Springer, London, 2011: pp. 59–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Materials Discovery Today.

Blog post
E. Andrew, New Blood Test Could Diagnose Depression, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Vehicle Collisions and Aftermarket Collision Avoidance Technologies, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Moreno, Mother-child relationships: Females behind bars and their children, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Hodara, Canvases So Big They Are Seldom Seen, New York Times. (2015) WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaterials Discovery Today
ISSN (print)2352-9245

Other styles