How to format your references using the Harvard Educational Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Harvard Educational Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Le Hur, K. (2015). Condensed-matter physics: Quantum dots and the Kondo effect. Nature, 526(7572), 203–204.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hartonen, T., & Alava, M. J. (2013). How important tasks are performed: peer review. Scientific Reports, 3, 1679.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brown, E. T., Molnar, P., & Bourlès, D. L. (2005). Comment on “Slip-rate measurements on the Karakorum Fault may imply secular variations in fault motion.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5739), 1326; author reply 1326.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Feng, Y., Liu, H., Luo, W., Liu, E., Zhao, N., Yoshino, K., & Feng, W. (2013). Covalent functionalization of graphene by azobenzene with molecular hydrogen bonds for long-term solar thermal storage. Scientific Reports, 3, 3260.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hooper, J., Zalewski, A., & Watanabe, E. (2013). Advanced Charting Techniques for High Probability Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nguyen, N. T., Iliadis, L., Manolopoulos, Y., & Trawiński, B. (Eds.). (2016). Computational Collective Intelligence: 8th International Conference, ICCCI 2016, Halkidiki, Greece, September 28-30, 2016. Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 9876). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Gamlem, S. M. (2015). Feedback in the Mentoring of Teacher Learning. In H. Tillema, G. J. van der Westhuizen, & K. Smith (Eds.), Mentoring for Learning: “Climbing the Mountain” (pp. 79–97). SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Harvard Educational Review.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, October 17). Watch Hundreds Of Sharks In A Feeding Frenzy. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Airport Infrastructure: Unresolved Issues Make It Difficult to Determine the Cost to Serve New Large Aircraft (GAO-02-251). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sorensen, T. R. (2010). The Use of Classroom Walk-Through Observations as a Strategy to Improve Teaching and Learning: A Student Centered Perspective [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davey, M., & Walsh, M. W. (2014, September 16). Detroit Reaches Deal With Creditor, as Others Object to Bankruptcy Plans. New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Le Hur, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hartonen & Alava, 2013; Le Hur, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hartonen & Alava, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Brown et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Feng et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleHarvard Educational Review
AbbreviationHarv. Educ. Rev.
ISSN (print)0017-8055
ISSN (online)1943-5045

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