How to format your references using the Harvard Educational Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Harvard Educational Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ferrari, R. (2014). Oceanography: What goes down must come up. Nature, 513(7517), 179–180.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maher, K., & Chamberlain, C. P. (2014). Hydrologic regulation of chemical weathering and the geologic carbon cycle. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6178), 1502–1504.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zehn, D., Lee, S. Y., & Bevan, M. J. (2009). Complete but curtailed T-cell response to very low-affinity antigen. Nature, 458(7235), 211–214.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Roca, A. L., Georgiadis, N., Pecon-Slattery, J., & O’Brien, S. J. (2001). Genetic evidence for two species of elephant in Africa. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5534), 1473–1477.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wagner, D. (2012). Trading ETFs. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Byrnes, J., & Ostheimer, G. (Eds.). (2006). Advances in Sensing with Security Applications (Vol. 2). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Lawrence, A., Djemame, K., Wäldrich, O., Ziegler, W., & Zsigri, C. (2011). Using Service Level Agreements for Optimising Cloud Infrastructure Services. In M. Cezon & Y. Wolfsthal (Eds.), Towards a Service-Based Internet. ServiceWave 2010 Workshops: International Workshops, OCS, EMSOA, SMART, and EDBPM 2010, Ghent, Belgium, December 13-15, 2010, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 38–49). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Harvard Educational Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 16). Ancient Computer Found In Roman Shipwreck. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). Regulatory Effects on R&D Are Better Assessed As Part of the Innovation Process (PAD-82-1). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mullis, J. (2009). The impact of the media on public opinion of the police [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, June 22). Court Rules Coach’s Violations Are Not a Form of Free Speech. New York Times, D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ferrari, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Ferrari, 2014; Maher & Chamberlain, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maher & Chamberlain, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Zehn et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Roca et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleHarvard Educational Review
AbbreviationHarv. Educ. Rev.
ISSN (print)0017-8055
ISSN (online)1943-5045

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