How to format your references using the Harvard Educational Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Harvard Educational Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bender, E. (2015). Big data in biomedicine. Nature, 527(7576), S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marsh, M., & van Meer, G. (2008). Cell biology. No ESCRTs for exosomes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5867), 1191–1192.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gardner, T. S., Cantor, C. R., & Collins, J. J. (2000). Construction of a genetic toggle switch in Escherichia coli. Nature, 403(6767), 339–342.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Albert, I., Mavrich, T. N., Tomsho, L. P., Qi, J., Zanton, S. J., Schuster, S. C., & Pugh, B. F. (2007). Translational and rotational settings of H2A.Z nucleosomes across the Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome. Nature, 446(7135), 572–576.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kovalenko, N. P., Krasny, Y. P., & Krey, U. (2005). Physics of Amorphous Metals. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Cagnoni, S., Mirolli, M., & Villani, M. (Eds.). (2014). Evolution, Complexity and Artificial Life. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, Y., Abe, S., Latham, S., & Mora, P. (2006). Implementation of Particle-scale Rotation in the 3-D Lattice Solid Model. In X.-C. Yin, P. Mora, A. Donnellan, & M. Matsu’ura (Eds.), Computational Earthquake Physics: Simulations, Analysis and Infrastructure, Part I (pp. 1769–1785). Birkhäuser.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Harvard Educational Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 24). Sound Of Mother’s Voice Bolsters Brain Development In Premature Infants. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Health Information Technology: HHS Has Taken Important Steps to Address Privacy Principles and Challenges, Although More Work Remains (GAO-08-1138). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aikens, F. A. (2012). An Examination of Ethical Behavior, Job Satisfaction, and Turnover Intent in Southern Ohio QSR Operations [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M. (2017, May 22). A Gadget Is Favored by Fingers Both Restless and Sticky. New York Times, A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bender, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bender, 2015; Marsh & van Meer, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Marsh & van Meer, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Gardner et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Albert et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleHarvard Educational Review
AbbreviationHarv. Educ. Rev.
ISSN (print)0017-8055
ISSN (online)1943-5045

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