How to format your references using the Harvard Educational Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Harvard Educational Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harrison, S. C. (2010). Virology. Looking inside adenovirus. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5995), 1026–1027.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ranero, C. R., & von Huene R. (2000). Subduction erosion along the Middle America convergent margin. Nature, 404(6779), 748–752.
A journal article with 3 authors
Oye, K. A., Lawson, J. C. H., & Bubela, T. (2015). Drugs: Regulate “home-brew” opiates. Nature, 521(7552), 281–283.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Benvenuti, F., Hugues, S., Walmsley, M., Ruf, S., Fetler, L., Popoff, M., Tybulewicz, V. L. J., & Amigorena, S. (2004). Requirement of Rac1 and Rac2 expression by mature dendritic cells for T cell priming. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5687), 1150–1153.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shi, Y., Liu, M., & Fang, F. (2017). Combined Cooling, Heating, and Power Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Rubin, E., & Sakamoto, K. (Eds.). (2009). Modulation of Protein Stability in Cancer Therapy. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, J., Alem, L., & Huang, W. (2015). Supporting Frontline Health Workers Through the Use of a Mobile Collaboration Tool. In X. Yin, K. Ho, D. Zeng, U. Aickelin, R. Zhou, & H. Wang (Eds.), Health Information Science: 4th International Conference, HIS 2015, Melbourne, Australia, May 28-30, 2015, Proceedings (pp. 31–36). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Harvard Educational Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 19). Meet Rhinorex: The Aptly-Named “King Nose” Hadrosaur. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1983). Better Use of Information Technology Can Reduce the Burden of Federal Paperwork (GGD-83-39). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Perez, R. W. (2017). Stepping Stone or Stumbling Block? The Impact of Prior Military Service on Hiring Managers’ Perceptions of Warmth, Competence, and Hirability [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Whiteside, K. (2017, February 12). Foes Get Together, and No One’s Fighting Like …. New York Times, SP11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harrison, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Harrison, 2010; Ranero & von Huene R, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ranero & von Huene R, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Oye et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Benvenuti et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleHarvard Educational Review
AbbreviationHarv. Educ. Rev.
ISSN (print)0017-8055
ISSN (online)1943-5045

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