How to format your references using the Materials Chemistry and Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Materials Chemistry and Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D.A. Berry, The science of doping, Nature. 454 (2008) 692–693.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.A. Helms, R.A. Schneider, Cranial skeletal biology, Nature. 423 (2003) 326–331.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Petrides, G. Cadoret, S. Mackey, Orofacial somatomotor responses in the macaque monkey homologue of Broca’s area, Nature. 435 (2005) 1235–1238.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Liu, X. Wang, X. Wang, W. Tian, Y. Bando, D. Golberg, Co3O4 nanocages with highly exposed {110} facets for high-performance lithium storage, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2543.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Lindahl, Trump University Commercial Real Estate 101, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2008.
An edited book
J. Šimko, Semantic Acquisition Games: Harnessing Manpower for Creating Semantics, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Z.J. Acs, New Firm Formation and the Region: Empirical Results from the United States, in: E. Santarelli (Ed.), Entrepreneurship, Growth, and Innovation: The Dynamics of Firms and Industries, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2006: pp. 105–133.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Materials Chemistry and Physics.

Blog post
T. Hale, If We Don’t Cut Our Carbon Emissions, This Is What The World Will Look Like By 2100, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Property Management: Lack of Accountability and Weak Internal Controls Leave NASA Equipment Vulnerable to Loss, Theft, and Misuse, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.R. Dzubaty, Understanding the undergraduate experience of the baccalaureate nursing student with English as an additional language, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Schmidt, In City Rich in History, Unusual Plan to Preserve Poet’s Home, New York Times. (2016) A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaterials Chemistry and Physics
AbbreviationMater. Chem. Phys.
ISSN (print)0254-0584
ScopeGeneral Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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