How to format your references using the Materials Chemistry and Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Materials Chemistry and Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H.J. Melosh, Asteroids. Traces of an unusual impact, Science. 296 (2002) 1037–1038.
A journal article with 2 authors
L. Tsai, G. Barnea, A critical period defined by axon-targeting mechanisms in the murine olfactory bulb, Science. 344 (2014) 197–200.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.G. Prajeesh, K. Ashok, D.V.B. Rao, Falling monsoon depression frequency: a Gray-Sikka conditions perspective, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2989.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H.J. Kim, J.S. Jeong, S.R. Kim, S.Y. Park, H.J. Chae, Y.C. Lee, Inhibition of endoplasmic reticulum stress alleviates lipopolysaccharide-induced lung inflammation through modulation of NF-κB/HIF-1α signaling pathway, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1142.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Halloran, C. Thies, The Social Media Handbook for Financial Advisors, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
L. Caporarello, B. Di Martino, M. Martinez, eds., Smart Organizations and Smart Artifacts: Fostering Interaction Between People, Technologies and Processes, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
M.J. Marcelino, C.A. Gomes, M.J. Silva, C. Gouveia, A. Fonseca, B. Pestana, C. Brigas, Schoolsenses@Internet, in: B. Fernández-Manjón, J.M. Sánchez-Pérez, J.A. Gómez-Pulido, M.A. Vega-Rodríguez, J. Bravo-Rodríguez (Eds.), Computers and Education: E-Learning, From Theory to Practice, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2007: pp. 57–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Materials Chemistry and Physics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Sense Of Smell Linked With Mortality Risk, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Strategic Mobility: Serious Problems Remain in U.S. Deployment Capabilities, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.K. Owen, Preventive health behaviors: A look at the correlation between regular physical activity and routine cervical cancer screening, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.D. Shear, R. Nixon, Ban on Travel Will Be Replaced With New Schedule of Targeted Restrictions, New York Times. (2017) A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaterials Chemistry and Physics
AbbreviationMater. Chem. Phys.
ISSN (print)0254-0584
ScopeGeneral Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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