How to format your references using the ACS Applied Nano Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Applied Nano Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCabe, H. Post-Cold War Needs “New Forms of Scientific Linkage.” Nature 2000, 404 (6773), 8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Laurie, B.; Doctorow, C. Computing: Secure the Internet. Nature 2012, 491 (7424), 325–326.
A journal article with 3 authors
Poulsen, C. J.; Ehlers, T. A.; Insel, N. Onset of Convective Rainfall during Gradual Late Miocene Rise of the Central Andes. Science 2010, 328 (5977), 490–493.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Noda, T.; Sagara, H.; Yen, A.; Takada, A.; Kida, H.; Cheng, R. H.; Kawaoka, Y. Architecture of Ribonucleoprotein Complexes in Influenza A Virus Particles. Nature 2006, 439 (7075), 490–492.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lundberg, U.; Cooper, C. L. The Science of Occupational Health; Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2010.
An edited book
Nicola, F. Global Pseudo-Differential Calculus on Euclidean Spaces; Rodino, L., Ed.; Pseudo-Differential Operators, Theory and Applications; Birkhäuser: Basel, 2010; Vol. 4.
A chapter in an edited book
Majumder, M.; Barman, R. N. Application of a Genetic Algorithm to Predict the Growth Rate of Bufo Melanostictus in Urban Forest. In Application of Nature Based Algorithm in Natural Resource Management; Majumder, M., Barman, R. N., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2013; pp 59–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Applied Nano Materials.

Blog post
Taub, B. Edible Silk Coating Stops Fruit And Veg Going Moldy. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. [Aging Issues in the 1980’s: A Computerized Information System]; 121285; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Little, J. L. The Effects of a Financial Literacy Intervention on Teachers’ Financial Literacy, Awareness, and Advocacy. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. From Warhol to Rathole. New York Times. October 24, 1993, p 714.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Applied Nano Materials
AbbreviationACS Appl. Energy Mater.
ISSN (online)2574-0962

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