How to format your references using the ACS Applied Nano Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Applied Nano Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kociak, M. Microscopy: Quantum Control of Free Electrons. Nature 2015, 521 (7551), 166–167.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tuomisto, H.; Ruokolainen, K. Comment on “Disentangling the Drivers of β Diversity along Latitudinal and Elevational Gradients.” Science 2012, 335 (6076), 1573; author reply 1573.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lampard, G. R.; Macalister, C. A.; Bergmann, D. C. Arabidopsis Stomatal Initiation Is Controlled by MAPK-Mediated Regulation of the BHLH SPEECHLESS. Science 2008, 322 (5904), 1113–1116.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kim, J. B.; Greber, B.; Araúzo-Bravo, M. J.; Meyer, J.; Park, K. I.; Zaehres, H.; Schöler, H. R. Direct Reprogramming of Human Neural Stem Cells by OCT4. Nature 2009, 461 (7264), 649–643.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lacalle, D. Life in the Financial Markets; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
Computational Intelligence and Intelligent Systems: 5th International Symposium, ISICA 2010, Wuhan, China, October 22-24, 2010. Proceedings; Cai, Z., Tong, H., Kang, Z., Liu, Y., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; Vol. 107.
A chapter in an edited book
Coutinho, F. Â.; El-Hani, C. N.; Mortimer, E. F. Building a Profile for the Biological Concept of Life. In Conceptual Profiles: A Theory of Teaching and Learning Scientific Concepts; Mortimer, E. F., El-Hani, C. N., Eds.; Contemporary Trends and Issues in Science Education; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2014; pp 115–142.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Applied Nano Materials.

Blog post
Hale, T. “Earth As Art” Series Reveals The Beauty Of Our Planet. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. GAO Request for Additional SES Positions; 126106; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hudson, N. Undocumented Latino Student Activists’ Funds of Knowledge: Transforming Social Movements. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. Before YouTube, Experimenting With Video. New York Times. March 1, 2015, p WE10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Applied Nano Materials
AbbreviationACS Appl. Energy Mater.
ISSN (online)2574-0962

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