How to format your references using the ACS Applied Nano Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Applied Nano Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moritz, M. A. Wildfires Ignite Debate on Global Warming. Nature 2012, 487 (7407), 273.
A journal article with 2 authors
Strahl, B. D.; Allis, C. D. The Language of Covalent Histone Modifications. Nature 2000, 403 (6765), 41–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Borgia, G.; Coyle, B. J.; Keagy, J. Comment on “Illusions Promote Mating Success in Great Bowerbirds.” Science 2012, 337 (6092), 292; author reply 292.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Uehara, T.; Nakamura, T.; Yao, D.; Shi, Z.-Q.; Gu, Z.; Ma, Y.; Masliah, E.; Nomura, Y.; Lipton, S. A. S-Nitrosylated Protein-Disulphide Isomerase Links Protein Misfolding to Neurodegeneration. Nature 2006, 441 (7092), 513–517.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sierra, M. A.; de la Torre, M. C.; Cossío, F. P. More Dead Ends and Detours; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2013.
An edited book
Information Security and Cryptology – ICISC 2012: 15th International Conference, Seoul, Korea, November 28-30, 2012, Revised Selected Papers; Kwon, T., Lee, M.-K., Kwon, D., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; Vol. 7839.
A chapter in an edited book
King-Lacroix, J.; Martin, A. KEDS: Decentralised Network Security for the Smart Home Environment. In Smart Grid Security: Second International Workshop, SmartGridSec 2014, Munich, Germany, February 26, 2014, Revised Selected Papers; Cuellar, J., Ed.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; pp 63–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Applied Nano Materials.

Blog post
Andrews, R. Dogs Dream Of You While Cats Dream Of Death (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Fiscal Year 2013 Agreed-Upon Procedures: Excise Tax Distributions to the Airport and Airway Trust Fund and the Highway Trust Fund; GAO-14-162R; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heatlie, J. M. Effects of Simulation on Senior Nursing Students’ Patient Safety Competence: A Quantitative Study. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. Overlooked Influences in Trump’s Life: A Famous Minister and His Church. New York Times. September 6, 2016, p A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Applied Nano Materials
AbbreviationACS Appl. Energy Mater.
ISSN (online)2574-0962

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