How to format your references using the ACS Applied Nano Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Applied Nano Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kazazian, H. H., Jr. Mobile Elements: Drivers of Genome Evolution. Science 2004, 303 (5664), 1626–1632.
A journal article with 2 authors
Michalski, J. R.; Bleacher, J. E. Supervolcanoes within an Ancient Volcanic Province in Arabia Terra, Mars. Nature 2013, 502 (7469), 47–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fabiańska, J.; Kassier, G.; Feurer, T. Split Ring Resonator Based THz-Driven Electron Streak Camera Featuring Femtosecond Resolution. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5645.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhang, X.; Qin, J.; Xue, Y.; Yu, P.; Zhang, B.; Wang, L.; Liu, R. Effect of Aspect Ratio and Surface Defects on the Photocatalytic Activity of ZnO Nanorods. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4596.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Early, W. F., II. Contractor and Client Relations to Assure Process Safety; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
Breast Cancer Metastasis and Drug Resistance: Progress and Prospects; Ahmad, A., Ed.; Springer: New York, NY, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
McCullough, L. B.; Caskey, J.; Cole, T. R.; Wear, A. Scientific and Medical Concepts of Nature in the Modern Period in Europe and North America. In Altering Nature: Volume One: Concepts of ‘Nature’ and ‘The Natural’ in Biotechnology Debates; Lustig, B. A., Brody, B. A., McKenny, G. P., Eds.; Philosophy and Medicine; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2008; pp 137–198.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Applied Nano Materials.

Blog post
Davis, J. Modern HIV Drugs Give Young People “Near Normal” Life Expectancy (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. GAO Report on Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes; AIMD-00-82R; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hood, E. P. Male Teacher Perspective on the Recruitment of Male Elementary Teachers: A Phenomenological Study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix: Phoenix, AZ, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg, E. New York Firefighter Dies After Falling From Roof. New York Times. April 20, 2017, p A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Applied Nano Materials
AbbreviationACS Appl. Energy Mater.
ISSN (online)2574-0962

Other styles