How to format your references using the ACS Applied Nano Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Applied Nano Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Read, P. Saturn: Storm-Clouds Brooding on Towering Heights. Nature 2011, 475 (7354), 44–45.
A journal article with 2 authors
Klug Boonstra, S.; Christensen, P. IBI Series Winner. Mars Student Imaging Project: Real Research by Secondary Students. Science 2013, 339 (6122), 920–921.
A journal article with 3 authors
DeBose, J. L.; Lema, S. C.; Nevitt, G. A. Dimethylsulfoniopropionate as a Foraging Cue for Reef Fishes. Science 2008, 319 (5868), 1356.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lodwig, E. M.; Hosie, A. H. F.; Bourdès, A.; Findlay, K.; Allaway, D.; Karunakaran, R.; Downie, J. A.; Poole, P. S. Amino-Acid Cycling Drives Nitrogen Fixation in the Legume-Rhizobium Symbiosis. Nature 2003, 422 (6933), 722–726.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parashar, R. K. Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Synthesis; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: West Sussex, United Kingdom, 2008.
An edited book
Vaclavik, V. A. Essentials of Food Science, 4th ed. 2014.; Christian, E. W., Ed.; Food Science Text Series; Springer: New York, NY, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Balen, A. Polycystic Ovary Versus Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. In Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Current Controversies, From The Ovary To The Pancreas; Dunaif, A., Chang, R. J., Franks, S., Legro, R. S., Eds.; Contemporary Endocrinology; Humana Press: Totowa, NJ, 2008; pp 37–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Applied Nano Materials.

Blog post
Evans, K. Here’s How Much Of The US Would Need To Be Covered In Wind Turbines To Power The Nation (accessed 2018 -10 -30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Assessment of the Financial Audit for SEMATECH’s Activities in 1992; RCED-94-17; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wood, E. D. A Study of the Effect of Grouping Students and Results on the Ohio Achievement Assessment for Reading. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L. Eye Spy. New York Times. August 26, 2007, p 6228.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Applied Nano Materials
AbbreviationACS Appl. Energy Mater.
ISSN (online)2574-0962

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