How to format your references using the Marine Structures citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Structures. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Goldbeter A. Computational approaches to cellular rhythms. Nature 2002;420:238–45.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
van Oers NSC, Chen ZJ. Cell biology. Kinasing and clipping down the NF-kappa B trail. Science 2005;308:65–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Reiner JW, Walker FJ, Ahn CH. Materials science. Atomically engineered oxide interfaces. Science 2009;323:1018–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Kirk J, Ruiz J, Chesley J, Walshe J, England G. A major Archean, gold- and crust-forming event in the Kaapvaal craton, South Africa. Science 2002;297:1856–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Youssef HA. Machining of Stainless Steels and Super Alloys. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Assadi F. Pediatric Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy: Principles and Practice. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Inaba M, Iida T, Yamasaki T, Fume K, Mizoguchi Y, Nagano S, et al. Pattern-Based Semantic Tagging for Ontology Population. In: Kowalczyk R, Huhns M, Klusch M, Maamar Z, Vo QB, editors. Service-Oriented Computing: Agents, Semantics, and Engineering: AAMAS 2008 International Workshop, SOCASE 2008, Estoril, Portugal, May 12, 2008 Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008, p. 45–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Structures.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. New Technique Mimics Animal Senses To Screen For Toxic Chemicals. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Provisions of S. 821, a Bill To Provide for Authorization of Appropriations for the Federal Communications Commission. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Batistick SA. Reclaiming One’s Gold: Imagining the Inner Child Through the Art of Therapeutic Fairy Tale Writing. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Hodgman J. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times 2016:MM24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Structures
AbbreviationMar. Struct.
ISSN (print)0951-8339
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Ocean Engineering
General Materials Science

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