How to format your references using the Marine Structures citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Structures. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Canup RM. Solar System: An incredible likeness of being. Nature 2015;520:169–70.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Casadevall A, Pirofski L-A. Microbiology: Ditch the term pathogen. Nature 2014;516:165–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Lee H, Habas R, Abate-Shen C. MSX1 cooperates with histone H1b for inhibition of transcription and myogenesis. Science 2004;304:1675–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Mechsner F, Kerzel D, Knoblich G, Prinz W. Perceptual basis of bimanual coordination. Nature 2001;414:69–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Sharon M, Sharon M. Graphene. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Müller B, Finka M, Lintz G, editors. Rise and Decline of Industry in Central and Eastern Europe: A Comparative Study of Cities and Regions in Eleven Countries. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Rees DAS, Selim A, Ennis-King JP. The Instability of Unsteady Boundary Layers in Porous Media. In: Vadász P, editor. Emerging Topics in Heat and Mass Transfer in Porous Media: From Bioengineering and Microelectronics to Nanotechnology, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008, p. 85–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Structures.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Show Us Your Smarts: A Very Brief History Of Intelligence Testing. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/show-us-your-smarts-very-brief-history-intelligence-testing/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. No Child Left Behind Act: Additional Assistance and Research on Effective Strategies Would Help Small Rural Districts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Lowrance TL. Exploring the Four Modes of Organizational Forgetting in an Organization Post Acquisition. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Marshall L. From Granny’s Store to G.M. New York Times 2011:BU9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Structures
AbbreviationMar. Struct.
ISSN (print)0951-8339
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Ocean Engineering
General Materials Science

Other styles