How to format your references using the Marine Structures citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Structures. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Ellis W. At the zoo. Nature 2000;408:295.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Roelofs J, Van Haastert PJ. Genes lost during evolution. Nature 2001;411:1013–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Loubeyre P, Occelli F, LeToullec R. Optical studies of solid hydrogen to 320 GPa and evidence for black hydrogen. Nature 2002;416:613–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Kroodsma DA, Mayorga J, Hochberg T, Miller NA, Boerder K, Ferretti F, et al. Response to Comment on “Tracking the global footprint of fisheries.” Science 2018;361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Thyagarajan KS. Still Image and Video Compression with MATLAB. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Brdar I, editor. The Human Pursuit of Well-Being: A Cultural Approach. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Schneeweiss O, Voleník K. Analysis of powder particles of high carbon cast iron after air plasma spraying. In: Kuzmann E, Lázár K, editors. ISIAME 2008: Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Industrial Applications of the Mössbauer Effect (ISIAME 2008) held in Budapest, Hungary, 17–22 August 2008, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 39–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Structures.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Planet Found Orbiting Two Stars In the Habitable Zone. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/planet-found-orbiting-two-stars-habitable-zone/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Joint Strike Fighter Acquisition: Development Schedule Should Be Changed to Reduce Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Miller CK. Incidence and Characterization of Oral Motor, Pharyngeal, and Cervical Esophageal Swallowing Dysfunction in Pediatric Patients with Chiari 1 Malformation. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: 9 Years For Chechen In Terror Case. New York Times 2005:A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Structures
AbbreviationMar. Struct.
ISSN (print)0951-8339
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Ocean Engineering
General Materials Science

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