How to format your references using the Marine Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lewin HA (2009) Genetics. It’s a bull’s market. Science 324:478–479
A journal article with 2 authors
Pérez-Gussinyé M, Watts AB (2005) The long-term strength of Europe and its implications for plate-forming processes. Nature 436:381–384
A journal article with 3 authors
Doncaster CP, Pound GE, Cox SJ (2000) The ecological cost of sex. Nature 404:281–285
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bottjer DJ, Davidson EH, Peterson KJ, Cameron RA (2006) Paleogenomics of echinoderms. Science 314:956–960

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Campbell AK (2014) Intracellular Calcium. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Cham T-J, Cai J, Dorai C, et al (eds) (2006) Advances in Multimedia Modeling: 13th International Multimedia Modeling Conference, MMM 2007, Singapore, January 9-12, 2007. Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Lolli G (2011) Peano and the Foundations of Arithmetic. In: Skof F (ed) Giuseppe Peano between Mathematics and Logic: Proceeding of the International Conference in honour of Giuseppe Peano on the 150th anniversary of his birth and the centennial of the Formulario Mathematico, Turin (Italy), October 2–3,2008. Springer, Milano, pp 47–67

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Biotechnology.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Enormous Magma Chamber Discovered Deep Below Yellowstone. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2017) Highway Bridges: Major Projects Present Challenges for States, but Strategies Exist to Overcome Them. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCarroll ML (2005) Exercise and Airway Clearing Devices in Pulmonary Rehabilitation Programs for Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S (2013) At Hopper’s Home, Legally This Time. New York Times NJ9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lewin 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Pérez-Gussinyé and Watts 2005; Lewin 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pérez-Gussinyé and Watts 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Bottjer et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Biotechnology
AbbreviationMar. Biotechnol. (NY)
ISSN (print)1436-2228
ISSN (online)1436-2236
ScopeAquatic Science
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles