How to format your references using the Marine Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weintraub K (2014) Vaccines: taking a shot at protection. Nature 516:S12-3
A journal article with 2 authors
Karner DB, Muller RA (2000) PALEOCLIMATE: A Causality Problem for Milankovitch. Science 288:2143–2144
A journal article with 3 authors
Ohbayashi M, Ohki K, Miyashita Y (2003) Conversion of working memory to motor sequence in the monkey premotor cortex. Science 301:233–236
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Revilla RI, Li X-J, Yang Y-L, Wang C (2014) Large electric field-enhanced-hardness effect in a SiO2 film. Sci Rep 4:4523

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cuddy-Keane M, Hammond A, Peat A (2014) Modernism: Keywords. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Holz FG, Spaide RF (eds) (2005) Medical Retina. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Wang T, Jobredeaux R, Herencia H, et al (2016) From Design to Implementation: An Automated, Credible Autocoding Chain for Control Systems. In: Feron E (ed) Advances in Control System Technology for Aerospace Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 137–180

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Biotechnology.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Earliest Fossil Traces of Life Questioned. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Higher Education: Selected Information on Student Financial Aid Received by Legal Immigrants. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tyler EP (2013) Tectonic geomorphology of quaternary river terraces at Santa Cruz Creek, Santa Maria Basin, Santa Barbara County, California. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) Beyoncé and Radiohead to Headline Coachella. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weintraub 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Karner and Muller 2000; Weintraub 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karner and Muller 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Revilla et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Biotechnology
AbbreviationMar. Biotechnol. (NY)
ISSN (print)1436-2228
ISSN (online)1436-2236
ScopeAquatic Science
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles