How to format your references using the Marine Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Triendl R (2002) Chance to make a difference in Japan. Nature 417:7
A journal article with 2 authors
Peebles PJE, Nusser A (2010) Nearby galaxies as pointers to a better theory of cosmic evolution. Nature 465:565–569
A journal article with 3 authors
Williams-Guillén K, Perfecto I, Vandermeer J (2008) Bats limit insects in a neotropical agroforestry system. Science 320:70
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chandrashekar J, Yarmolinsky D, von Buchholtz L, et al (2009) The taste of carbonation. Science 326:443–445

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimond B (2010) Legal Aspects of Occupational Therapy. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Bui AAT, Taira RK (eds) (2010) Medical Imaging Informatics. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
de Asis ED, Li Y, Austin AJ, et al (2010) Carbon Nanotube Atomic Force Microscopy with Applications to Biology and Electronics. In: Bhushan B (ed) Scanning Probe Microscopy in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 129–168

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Biotechnology.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) How Whales Became The Largest Animals Ever To Live. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Transportation Safety: Medical Certification and Background Check Requirements for Pilots, Vessel Masters, and Commercial Drivers Vary. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Purdioux L (2015) Predicting deception detection ability based on the concept of self-compassionate personality trait, openness personality structure, and agreeableness personality structure. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx L (2015) The Gown Is Free, the Salute Heartfelt. New York Times ST23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Triendl 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Triendl 2002; Peebles and Nusser 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Peebles and Nusser 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Chandrashekar et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Biotechnology
AbbreviationMar. Biotechnol. (NY)
ISSN (print)1436-2228
ISSN (online)1436-2236
ScopeAquatic Science
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles