How to format your references using the Marine Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wassarman PM (2014) Reproductive biology: Sperm protein finds its mate. Nature 508:466–467
A journal article with 2 authors
Zwierlein MW, Ketterle W (2006) Comment on “Pairing and phase separation in a polarized Fermi gas.” Science 314:54; author reply 54
A journal article with 3 authors
Verma T, Araújo NAM, Herrmann HJ (2014) Revealing the structure of the world airline network. Sci Rep 4:5638
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dong X-P, Cheng X, Mills E, et al (2008) The type IV mucolipidosis-associated protein TRPML1 is an endolysosomal iron release channel. Nature 455:992–996

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Koch HJ (2016) Practical Guide to International Standardization for Electrical Engineers. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Sayed-Mouchaweh M, Lughofer E (eds) (2012) Learning in Non-Stationary Environments: Methods and Applications. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Pastra AS, Koufopoulos DN, Gkliatis IP (2015) Board Characteristics and the Presence of Women on the Board of Directors: The Case of the Greek Shipping Sector. In: Kitada M, Williams E, Froholdt LL (eds) Maritime Women: Global Leadership. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 35–54

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Biotechnology.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Earliest Evidence Of Right-Handedness In Hominins Could Reveal Origins Of Human Intelligence. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) Status of the NAVSTAR Global Positioning System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Teater MR (2009) Reentry and reintegration: A grant proposal for formerly incarcerated women. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff J (2016) John Ellenby, Creator of Early Laptop, Dies at 75. New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wassarman 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Zwierlein and Ketterle 2006; Wassarman 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zwierlein and Ketterle 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Dong et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Biotechnology
AbbreviationMar. Biotechnol. (NY)
ISSN (print)1436-2228
ISSN (online)1436-2236
ScopeAquatic Science
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles