How to format your references using the Marine Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zaumseil J (2014) Applied physics. Electronic control of circularly polarized light emission. Science 344:702–703
A journal article with 2 authors
Karpicke JD, Roediger HL 3rd (2008) The critical importance of retrieval for learning. Science 319:966–968
A journal article with 3 authors
Evans WJ, Kozimor SA, Ziller JW (2005) Molecular octa-uranium rings with alternating nitride and azide bridges. Science 309:1835–1838
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Johnson MW, Amin MHS, Gildert S, et al (2011) Quantum annealing with manufactured spins. Nature 473:194–198

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sharkh SM, Abusara MA, Orfanoudakis GI, Hussain B (2014) Power Electronic Converters for Microgrids. John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore
An edited book
Tavernier S, Gektin A, Grinyov B, Moses WW (eds) (2006) Radiation Detectors for Medical Applications. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Islam S, Hossain I (2015) Women in Employment: Local Dynamics, Global Pressures. In: Hossain I (ed) Social Justice in the Globalization of Production: Labor, Gender, and the Environment Nexus. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp 53–72

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Biotechnology.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Where Do Penises Come From? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Social Security Statements: Observations on SSA’s Plans for the Social Security Statement. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boylan M (2010) Acute physiological resonses to yoga activity in a hot environment. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2015) Valentin Rasputin, ‘Village Prose’ Leader, Dies at 77. New York Times A25

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zaumseil 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Karpicke and Roediger 2008; Zaumseil 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karpicke and Roediger 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Johnson et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Biotechnology
AbbreviationMar. Biotechnol. (NY)
ISSN (print)1436-2228
ISSN (online)1436-2236
ScopeAquatic Science
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles