How to format your references using the IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
W. Kühlbrandt, “Biochemistry. The resolution revolution,” Science, vol. 343, no. 6178, pp. 1443–1444, Mar. 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
Y. Takano and M. Ukezono, “An experimental task to examine the mirror system in rats,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6652, Oct. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. P. Hibbins, B. R. Evans, and J. R. Sambles, “Experimental verification of designer surface plasmons,” Science, vol. 308, no. 5722, pp. 670–672, Apr. 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. Q. Grafton et al., “The paradox of irrigation efficiency,” Science, vol. 361, no. 6404, pp. 748–750, Aug. 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E. Bauer, R. Adams, and D. Eustace, Beyond Redundancy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
J. Larrosa and B. O’Sullivan, Eds., Recent Advances in Constraints: 14th Annual ERCIM International Workshop on Constraint Solving and Constraint Logic Programming, CSCLP 2009, Barcelona, Spain, June 15-17, 2009, Revised Selected Papers, vol. 6384. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
A. M. De Lecea and R. Cooper, “The Importance of the Thukela River Estuary, East Coast of South Africa, for the Biology of the Near-Shore Environment and Associated Human Aspects: A Review,” in Estuaries: A Lifeline of Ecosystem Services in the Western Indian Ocean, S. Diop, P. Scheren, and J. Ferdinand Machiwa, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 53–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Engineering’s Unexpected And Microscopic Beauty,” IFLScience, Nov. 18, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Aviation Services: Automation and Consolidation of Flight Service Stations,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-88-77, Feb. 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. J. Monk, “Effects of distractors and force feedback on an aimed movement task in a CDTI environment,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Brantley, “A Revenge Tragedy Colored by Brecht,” New York Times, p. C5, Sep. 12, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine
ISSN (print)2162-2248

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