How to format your references using the IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
V. Gewin, “The global challenge,” Nature, vol. 447, no. 7142, pp. 348–349, May 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. Pevzner and R. Shamir, “Computing has changed biology--biology education must catch up,” Science, vol. 325, no. 5940, pp. 541–542, Jul. 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. Liu, S. Spasojevic, and M. Gurnis, “Reconstructing Farallon plate subduction beneath North America back to the Late Cretaceous,” Science, vol. 322, no. 5903, pp. 934–938, Nov. 2008.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. M. Miller et al., “The magnetic nature of disk accretion onto black holes,” Nature, vol. 441, no. 7096, pp. 953–955, Jun. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. G. Cruz, G. W. Peters, and P. V. Shevchenko, Fundamental Aspects of Operational Risk and Insurance Analytics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2015.
An edited book
C. Lardier, The Soyuz Launch Vehicle: The Two Lives of an Engineering Triumph. New York, NY: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Rabung, M. Wieser, A. Thomas, I. Testoni, and C. Evans, “Psychometric evaluation of the German version of the revised spontaneity assessment inventory (SAI-R),” in Psychodrama. Empirical Research and Science 2, C. Stadler, M. Wieser, and K. Kirk, Eds. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, 2016, pp. 25–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Squeaky Baby Sloths Are Completely Adorable,” IFLScience, Apr. 13, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Hispanics’ Schooling: Risk Factors for Dropping Out and Barriers to Resuming Their Education,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, PEMD-94-24, Jul. 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Williams, “Kindergarten through third grade reading tutors in Northeast Mississippi,” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Saslow, “Nassau and Union in Deal to Avoid Layoffs,” New York Times, p. LI2, Mar. 15, 2009.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine
ISSN (print)2162-2248

Other styles