How to format your references using the Gender Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gender Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schlamminger S. Fundamental constants: a cool way to measure big G. Nature. 2014;510(7506):478-480.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yu L, Lenardo MJ. Immunology. The paracaspase connection. Science. 2003;302(5650):1515-1516.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jermiin LS, Poladian L, Charleston MA. Evolution. Is the “Big Bang” in animal evolution real? Science. 2005;310(5756):1910-1911.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Erler JT, Bennewith KL, Nicolau M, et al. Lysyl oxidase is essential for hypoxia-induced metastasis. Nature. 2006;440(7088):1222-1226.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Akiba KY. Organo Main Group Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Seiler F, Igra O, eds. Hypervelocity Launchers. Vol 10. 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Zielinska T. Nicolaus Copernicus (1473–1543). In: Ceccarelli M, ed. Distinguished Figures in Mechanism and Machine Science: Their Contributions and Legacies Part 1. History of Mechanism and Machine Science. Springer Netherlands; 2007:117-134.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gender Medicine.

Blog post
Carpineti A. AI Learns Nobel-Winning Experiment In An Hour ... And Then Improves It. IFLScience. Published May 25, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Global Positioning System: Production Should Be Limited Until Receiver Reliability Problems Are Resolved. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Torres N. Do Family Nurse Practitioner Students Understand the Physiological Changes Associated with Andropause in Men over Forty? Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E. F.Y.I. New York Times. January 29, 1995:132.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleGender Medicine
AbbreviationGend. Med.
ISSN (print)1550-8579
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Gender Studies

Other styles