How to format your references using the Gender Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gender Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Verma IM. Medicine. Gene therapy that works. Science. 2013;341(6148):853-855.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stechmann A, Cavalier-Smith T. Rooting the eukaryote tree by using a derived gene fusion. Science. 2002;297(5578):89-91.
A journal article with 3 authors
Margulies L, Winther G, Poulsen HF. In situ measurement of grain rotation during deformation of polycrystals. Science. 2001;291(5512):2392-2394.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang H, Gu H, Yan F, et al. Direct characterization of bulk samples by internal extractive electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2495.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pearson D, Grace C. Weight Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.; 2012.
An edited book
Matranga V, ed. Echinodermata. Vol 39. Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Tschachler E, Tiplica G-S. Venereal Disease I: Syphilis. In: Ólafsson JH, Hay RJ, eds. Antibiotic and Antifungal Therapies in Dermatology. Springer International Publishing; 2016:57-68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gender Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Graphene Light Detector Could Lead To Heat Vision Contact Lenses. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Health Care: Telehealth and Remote Patient Monitoring Use in Medicare and Selected Federal Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zacher B. The roles of electrode contacts in organic photovoltaics. Published online 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt MS. Mueller Inquiry Seeks Documents On Trump Firings. New York Times. September 20, 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleGender Medicine
AbbreviationGend. Med.
ISSN (print)1550-8579
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Gender Studies

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