How to format your references using the Marine Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bonetta L (2006) Protein purification: fast forward. Nature 439:1017–1021.
A journal article with 2 authors
McCarl BA, Schneider UA (2001) Climate change. Greenhouse gas mitigation in U.S. agriculture and forestry. Science 294:2481–2482.
A journal article with 3 authors
Watanabe H, Nebel CE, Shikata S (2009) Isotopic homojunction band engineering from diamond. Science 324:1425–1428.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Butovskaya ML, Vasilyev VA, Lazebny OE, Suchodolskaya EM, Shibalev DV, Kulikov AM, Karelin DV, Burkova VN, Mabulla A, Ryskov AP (2013) Aggression and polymorphisms in AR, DAT1, DRD2, and COMT genes in Datoga pastoralists of Tanzania. Sci Rep 3:3148.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Qu D (2016) Manufacturing and Managing Customer-Driven Derivatives. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Kaufman HL, Wadler S, Antman K (eds) (2008) Molecular Targeting in Oncology. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ
A chapter in an edited book
Missbach M, Stelzel J, Gardiner C, Anderson G, Tempes M (2013) Security Aspects for SAP on Cloud. In: Stelzel J, Gardiner C, Anderson G, Tempes M (eds) SAP on the Cloud. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 65–82

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Biology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Rare “Alien Of The Deep” Caught Off Of Australia. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Kachemak Bay Ferry: Federally Funded Ferry Was Constructed with Limited Oversight and Faces Future Operating Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liyakath RA (2012) Reconfigurable Antenna and RF Circuits Using Multi-Layer Stretchable Conductors. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2010) At J. Crew’s Bridal Store, a Parisian Air. New York Times E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bonetta 2006).
This sentence cites two references (McCarl and Schneider 2001; Bonetta 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McCarl and Schneider 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Butovskaya et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Biology
AbbreviationMar. Biol.
ISSN (print)0025-3162
ISSN (online)1432-1793
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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