How to format your references using the Cells Tissues Organs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cells Tissues Organs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pain E: The class of 2005. Spain: a physicist keen to put things in order. Science 2005;310:520–521.
A journal article with 2 authors
Downer M, Zgadzaj R: Accelerator physics: Surf’s up at SLAC. Nature 2014;515:40–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
Choudhary A, Kohar V, Sinha S: Taming explosive growth through dynamic random links. Sci Rep 2014;4:4308.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wallraff A, Lukashenko A, Lisenfeld J, Kemp A, Fistul MV, Koval Y, et al.: Quantum dynamics of a single vortex. Nature 2003;425:155–158.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schlechty PC: Leading for Learning, San Francisco, CA, USA, Jossey-Bass, 2009.
An edited book
Lodaya K, editor: Logic and Its Applications: 5th Indian Conference, ICLA 2013, Chennai, India, January 10-12, 2013. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
McKay CP: Disorders of Magnesium Metabolism; in Feld LG, Kaskel FJ (eds): Fluid and Electrolytes in Pediatrics: A Comprehensive Handbook. Totowa, NJ, Humana Press, 2010, pp 149–171.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cells Tissues Organs.

Blog post
Davis J: World’s Largest Offshore Windfarm Given Green Light To Be Built Off Britain’s Coast [Internet]. IFLScience 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Options to Enhance the Long-term Viability of the Essential Air Service Program, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fink DC: An Exposure Assessment of Paper Dust in a Coupon Manufacturing Facility 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky L: The Hebrew School. New York Times 2008;M280.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleCells Tissues Organs
AbbreviationCells Tissues Organs
ISSN (print)1422-6405
ISSN (online)1422-6421

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