How to format your references using the Cells Tissues Organs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cells Tissues Organs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clayton J: Chagas disease: pushing through the pipeline. Nature 2010;465:S12-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tabas I, Glass CK: Anti-inflammatory therapy in chronic disease: challenges and opportunities. Science 2013;339:166–172.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meng F, McGrath KP, Hoveyda AH: Multifunctional organoboron compounds for scalable natural product synthesis. Nature 2014;513:367–374.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yamamoto-Kawai M, McLaughlin FA, Carmack EC, Nishino S, Shimada K: Aragonite undersaturation in the Arctic Ocean: effects of ocean acidification and sea ice melt. Science 2009;326:1098–1100.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cox C: An Introduction to LTE, Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2012.
An edited book
Xie A, Huang X, editors: Advances in Electrical Engineering and Automation, Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
de Oliveira MC: Explicit Controller Parametrizations for Linear Parameter-Varying Affine Systems Using Linear Matrix Inequalities; in Mohammadpour J, Scherer CW (eds): Control of Linear Parameter Varying Systems with Applications. Boston, MA, Springer US, 2012, pp 91–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cells Tissues Organs.

Blog post
Andrew E: Facebook Announces Its Internet-Broadcasting Drone [Internet]. IFLScience 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Education Programs: Information on Major Preschool, Elementary, and Secondary Education Programs, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia-Benitez C: Support program to facilitate achievement for emancipated foster youth to succeed in college 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J: Beguiling Tales Of Women And Change. New York Times 2017;C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleCells Tissues Organs
AbbreviationCells Tissues Organs
ISSN (print)1422-6405
ISSN (online)1422-6421

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