How to format your references using the Cells Tissues Organs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cells Tissues Organs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McLaren A: Art imitates life. Science 2000;288:1777.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shenoy SK, Rockman HA: Cardiovascular biology: heart fails without pump partner. Nature 2011;477:546–547.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao W, Luo J, Jiao S: Comprehensive characterization of cancer subtype associated long non-coding RNAs and their clinical implications. Sci Rep 2014;4:6591.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shimada A, Ueguchi-Tanaka M, Nakatsu T, Nakajima M, Naoe Y, Ohmiya H, et al.: Structural basis for gibberellin recognition by its receptor GID1. Nature 2008;456:520–523.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Freeman RL: Telecommunication System Engineering, Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
Das VV, Ariwa E, Rahayu SB, editors: Signal Processing and Information Technology: First International Joint Conference, SPIT 2011 and IPC 2011, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, December 1-2, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Pazderski D, Szulczyński P, Kozłowski KR: Kinematic Tracking Controller for Unicycle Mobile Robot Based on Polar-like Representation and Lyapunov Analysis; in Kozłowski KR (ed): Robot Motion and Control 2009. London, Springer, 2009, pp 45–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cells Tissues Organs.

Blog post
Taub B: Study Shows Dogs Have Episodic Memory, Just Like Humans [Internet]. IFLScience 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Surface Transportation: Competitive Grant Programs Could Benefit from Increased Performance Focus and Better Documentation of Key Decisions, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gowda V: Pollination biology and inter-island geographical variation in the mutualistic Heliconia (Heliconiaceae)-hummingbird (Trochilidae) interaction of the Eastern Caribbean Islands 2009;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dwyer J: Republicans’ Path Recalls a Democratic Disaster at the Garden, in 1924. New York Times 2016;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleCells Tissues Organs
AbbreviationCells Tissues Organs
ISSN (print)1422-6405
ISSN (online)1422-6421

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