How to format your references using the Cells Tissues Organs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cells Tissues Organs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clutton-Brock T: Breeding together: kin selection and mutualism in cooperative vertebrates. Science 2002;296:69–72.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee S-Y, MacKinnon R: A membrane-access mechanism of ion channel inhibition by voltage sensor toxins from spider venom. Nature 2004;430:232–235.
A journal article with 3 authors
Afraz S-R, Kiani R, Esteky H: Microstimulation of inferotemporal cortex influences face categorization. Nature 2006;442:692–695.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Johnson PA, Savage H, Knuth M, Gomberg J, Marone C: Effects of acoustic waves on stick-slip in granular media and implications for earthquakes. Nature 2008;451:57–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ocic O: Oil Refineries in the 21st Century, Weinheim, FRG, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2004.
An edited book
Ebner M, Erenli K, Malaka R, Pirker J, Walsh AE, editors: Immersive Education: 4th European Summit, EiED 2014, Vienna, Austria, November 24-26, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, 1st ed. 2015. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Ohbayashi T, Okochi I, Sato H, Ono T: Food habit of Platydemus manokwari De Beauchamp, 1962 (Tricladida: Terricola: Rhynchodemidae), known as a predatory flatworm of land snails in the Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands, Japan; in Kawakami K, Okochi I (eds): Restoring the Oceanic Island Ecosystem: Impact and Management of Invasive Alien Species in the Bonin Islands. Tokyo, Springer Japan, 2010, pp 35–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cells Tissues Organs.

Blog post
Luntz S: Artificial Lung Grown In Laboratory [Internet]. IFLScience 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Hazardous Waste: Problems and Cleanup Efforts at an FAA Facility in Oklahoma City, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mayner SW: Transformational leadership and organizational change during agile and devops initiatives 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C: Selling Jewelry Is Mostly Pitfalls, Not Much Glitter. New York Times 2007;C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleCells Tissues Organs
AbbreviationCells Tissues Organs
ISSN (print)1422-6405
ISSN (online)1422-6421

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