How to format your references using the Cells Tissues Organs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cells Tissues Organs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chi KR: Masculinity: Men’s makeover. Nature 2015;526:S12-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
MacCoun R, Perlmutter S: Blind analysis: Hide results to seek the truth. Nature 2015;526:187–189.
A journal article with 3 authors
Richardson CE, Kooistra T, Kim DH: An essential role for XBP-1 in host protection against immune activation in C. elegans. Nature 2010;463:1092–1095.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang D-W, Shao J, Lin J, Zhang N, Lu B-J, Lin S-C, et al.: RIP3, an energy metabolism regulator that switches TNF-induced cell death from apoptosis to necrosis. Science 2009;325:332–336.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DeRosa DF: Foreign Exchange Operations, Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
Nibanupudi HK, Shaw R, editors: Mountain Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction, Tokyo, Springer Japan, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Ruffa C: “Just Deploy and Always Call It Peacekeeping!” Italian Strategic Culture and International Military Operations; in Britz M (ed): European Participation in International Operations: The Role of Strategic Culture. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp 101–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cells Tissues Organs.

Blog post
Carpineti C: Watch What Happens When An Octopus Gets In The Way Of A Crab Migration [Internet]. IFLScience 2012 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Security at Nation’s Highest Risk Airports, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clavio G: Uses and gratifications of Internet collegiate sport message board users 2008;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx L: A Romance With Lemon Juice and Two Beach Towels. New York Times 2014;ST20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleCells Tissues Organs
AbbreviationCells Tissues Organs
ISSN (print)1422-6405
ISSN (online)1422-6421

Other styles