How to format your references using the The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (J. Phys. Chem. Lett.). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schmitz, R. J. Genetics. The Secret Garden--Epigenetic Alleles Underlie Complex Traits. Science 2014, 343 (6175), 1082–1083.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richie, T. L.; Saul, A. Progress and Challenges for Malaria Vaccines. Nature 2002, 415 (6872), 694–701.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hudson, J. J.; Taylor, W. D.; Schindler, D. W. Phosphate Concentrations in Lakes. Nature 2000, 406 (6791), 54–56.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Da Mesquita, S.; Louveau, A.; Vaccari, A.; Smirnov, I.; Cornelison, R. C.; Kingsmore, K. M.; Contarino, C.; Onengut-Gumuscu, S.; Farber, E.; Raper, D.; et al. Functional Aspects of Meningeal Lymphatics in Ageing and Alzheimer’s Disease. Nature 2018, 560 (7717), 185–191.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gustafsson, F. Adaptive Filtering and Change Detection; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2001.
An edited book
Pattern Recognition: Applications and Methods: 4th International Conference, ICPRAM 2015, Lisbon, Portugal, January 10-12, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, 1st ed. 2015.; Fred, A., De Marsico, M., Figueiredo, M., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; Vol. 9493.
A chapter in an edited book
Plumley, J. Perception on Design Quality within the New Mega Townships of India. In The Towers of New Capital: Mega Townships in India; Tiwari, P., Ed.; Palgrave Macmillan UK: London, 2016; pp 45–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. A March For Science Will Take Place Around The World On April 22. Here’s How To Get Involved (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Best Practices Can Improve Performance and Produce Results; T-AIMD-96-46; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Caraballo-Cole, T. Mindfulness-Based Mental Health Services for Single Mothers: A Grant Proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. The Pulitzer at 100. New York Times. July 20, 2017, p C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Chem. Lett.
ISSN (online)1948-7185
ScopeGeneral Materials Science

Other styles