How to format your references using the The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Winchester, S. China: The Man Who Unveiled China. Nature 2008, 454 (7203), 409–411.
A journal article with 2 authors
Massol, F.; Crochet, P.-A. Do Animal Personalities Emerge? Nature 2008, 451 (7182), E8-9; discussion E9-10.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmauss, C.; Lee-McDermott, Z.; Medina, L. R. Trans-Generational Effects of Early Life Stress: The Role of Maternal Behavior. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4873.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Keeling, L.; Andersson, L.; Schütz, K. E.; Kerje, S.; Fredriksson, R.; Carlborg, O.; Cornwallis, C. K.; Pizzari, T.; Jensen, P. Chicken Genomics: Feather-Pecking and Victim Pigmentation. Nature 2004, 431 (7009), 645–646.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
French, M.; Szepesvári, C.; Rogers, E. Performance of Nonlinear Approximate Adaptive Controllers; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
Ramsay, J. O. Functional Data Analysis, Second Edition.; Silverman, B. W., Ed.; Springer Series in Statistics; Springer: New York, NY, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Long, H.; Li, J.; Lu, F.; Chu, D. Mountainous Rural Urbanization: Space Integration of Industry and Village. In Urbanization and Locality: Strengthening Identity and Sustainability by Site-Specific Planning and Design; Wang, F., Prominski, M., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2016; pp 95–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters.

Blog post
Andrew, E. First Deep Ice Core Samples Are Being Drilled At South Pole (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Security Weaknesses at IRS’ Cyberfile Data Center; AIMD-96-85R; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slotterback, D. Parent Partner Program and Organization (3P-O) Parents Mentoring Parents in Child Welfare: A Grant-Writing Project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. A Title Once Held by Ruth and Berra Now Belongs To . . . New York Times. September 24, 2015, p B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Chem. Lett.
ISSN (online)1948-7185
ScopeGeneral Materials Science

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