How to format your references using the The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kinlen, L. Obituary: Richard Doll (1912-2005). Nature 2005, 438 (7064), 41.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bennett, C. H.; Shor, P. W. Computers and Mathematics. Quantum Channel Capacities. Science 2004, 303 (5665), 1784–1787.
A journal article with 3 authors
Campbell, J. E.; Lobell, D. B.; Field, C. B. Greater Transportation Energy and GHG Offsets from Bioelectricity than Ethanol. Science 2009, 324 (5930), 1055–1057.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Laskin, A.; Gaspar, D. J.; Wang, W.; Hunt, S. W.; Cowin, J. P.; Colson, S. D.; Finlayson-Pitts, B. J. Reactions at Interfaces as a Source of Sulfate Formation in Sea-Salt Particles. Science 2003, 301 (5631), 340–344.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wolf, R. A. Atmospheric Pressure Plasma for Surface Modification; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
Kratochvíl, M. Growing Modular: Mass Customization of Complex Products, Services and Software; Carson, C., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Resch, K. Cytokines. In Principles of Immunopharmacology; Nijkamp, F. P., Parnham, M. J., Eds.; Birkhäuser: Basel, 2005; pp 45–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 10,000 Year-Old Monolith Discovered Under The Ocean. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Actions Needed to Address Credit Union Systems’ Year 2000 Problem; AIMD-98-48; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koester, A. It All Started on a Lake. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Photographs by GEORGE ETHEREDGE for THE NEW YORK TIMES. Fire Escapes. New York Times. February 10, 2017, p RE15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Chem. Lett.
ISSN (online)1948-7185
ScopeGeneral Materials Science

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