How to format your references using the The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Laughlin, R. B. Physics. The Cup of the Hand. Science 2004, 303 (5663), 1475–1477.
A journal article with 2 authors
Baconguis, I.; Gouaux, E. Structural Plasticity and Dynamic Selectivity of Acid-Sensing Ion Channel-Spider Toxin Complexes. Nature 2012, 489 (7416), 400–405.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kao, M. H.; Doupe, A. J.; Brainard, M. S. Contributions of an Avian Basal Ganglia-Forebrain Circuit to Real-Time Modulation of Song. Nature 2005, 433 (7026), 638–643.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Blum, J. D.; Klaue, A.; Nezat, C. A.; Driscoll, C. T.; Johnson, C. E.; Siccama, T. G.; Eagar, C.; Fahey, T. J.; Likens, G. E. Mycorrhizal Weathering of Apatite as an Important Calcium Source in Base-Poor Forest Ecosystems. Nature 2002, 417 (6890), 729–731.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Larsen, E.; Aarts, R. M. Audio Bandwidth Extension; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
Wang, Z. Simultaneous Multi-Pollutants Removal in Flue Gas by Ozone; Cen, K., Zhou, J., Fan, J., Eds.; Advanced Topics in Science and Technology in China; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Colombini, M. Ceramide Channels. In Electrophysiology of Unconventional Channels and Pores; Delcour, A. H., Ed.; Springer Series in Biophysics; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp 75–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Mathematicians Work Out Zombie Apocalypse Plan (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Office of Science and Technology Policy: Violation of the Antideficiency Act; GAO-12-200T; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Messian, N. M. The Spiral of Time: A Path to the Soul—Jewish Mystical and Depth Psychological Perspectives. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. Tricky Draw, and Tricky Hip, Stand in Way of Murray’s Title Defense. New York Times. June 30, 2017, p D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Chem. Lett.
ISSN (online)1948-7185
ScopeGeneral Materials Science

Other styles