How to format your references using the The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marshall, E. Nobel Century. For Winners, a New Life of Opportunity--and Perils. Science 2001, 294 (5541), 293–295.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clarke, C. F.; Allan, C. M. Biochemistry: Unexpected Role for Vitamin B2. Nature 2015, 522 (7557), 427–428.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hashiyama, K.; Hayashi, Y.; Kobayashi, S. Drosophila Sex Lethal Gene Initiates Female Development in Germline Progenitors. Science 2011, 333 (6044), 885–888.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
White, T. D.; Asfaw, B.; DeGusta, D.; Gilbert, H.; Richards, G. D.; Suwa, G.; Howell, F. C. Pleistocene Homo Sapiens from Middle Awash, Ethiopia. Nature 2003, 423 (6941), 742–747.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blicq, R. S.; Moretto, L. A. Writing Reports to Get Results; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: New York, USA, 2015.
An edited book
Ho, Y.-C. Ordinal Optimization: Soft Optimization for Hard Problems; Zhao, Q.-C., Jia, Q.-S., Eds.; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Marle, F.; Vidal, L.-A. Changing Project Structure to Mitigate Its Complexity. In Managing Complex, High Risk Projects: A Guide to Basic and Advanced Project Management; Vidal, L.-A., Ed.; Springer: London, 2016; pp 145–203.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters.

Blog post
Hale, T. This “Orange Alligator” Has Been Spotted In South Carolina. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Electronic Government: Funding of the Office of Management and Budget’s Initiatives; GAO-05-420; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cooper, J. B. Examining the Relationship between Grade Configuration and Teachers’ Perceptions of Working Conditions in Public K–8 Schools and Middle Schools in North Carolina. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neroulias, N.; Saslow, L. School Districts Gird For Bad-News Budgets. New York Times. March 22, 2009, p WE1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Chem. Lett.
ISSN (online)1948-7185
ScopeGeneral Materials Science

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