How to format your references using the The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cook, N. Beyond the Notes. Nature 2008, 453 (7199), 1186–1187.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knorr, G.; Lohmann, G. Southern Ocean Origin for the Resumption of Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation during Deglaciation. Nature 2003, 424 (6948), 532–536.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tang, R.-Y.; Li, G.; Yu, J.-Q. Conformation-Induced Remote Meta-C-H Activation of Amines. Nature 2014, 507 (7491), 215–220.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Stevens, J. L.; Cantin, G. T.; Wang, G.; Shevchenko, A.; Shevchenko, A.; Berk, A. J. Transcription Control by E1A and MAP Kinase Pathway via Sur2 Mediator Subunit. Science 2002, 296 (5568), 755–758.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lehr, J.; Ron, P. Foundations of Pulsed Power Technology; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2017.
An edited book
Tales of Gotham, Historical Archaeology, Ethnohistory and Microhistory of New York City; Janowitz, M. F., Dallal, D., Eds.; Springer: New York, NY, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Balsa-Canto, E.; Banga, J. R. Computational Procedures for Model Identification. In Systems Biology for Signaling Networks; Choi, S., Ed.; Choi, S., Series Ed.; Systems Biology; Springer: New York, NY, 2010; pp 111–137.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters.

Blog post
Andrew, E. New Research Is Connecting Genetic Variations To Schizophrenia And Other Mental Illnesses. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Final Site Selection Process for DOE’s Super Collider; RCED-89-129BR; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hooper, K. J. Los Angeles School Police Department Arrest Diversion: A Process Evaluation. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. Ideology Seems to Doom Cabinet Contender. New York Times. December 17, 1992, p B20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Chem. Lett.
ISSN (online)1948-7185
ScopeGeneral Materials Science

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