How to format your references using the Manufacturing Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Manufacturing Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Cleland AN. PHYSICS. Pumping up the quantum. Science 2015;350:280.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Minke B, Peters M. Cell biology. Rhodopsin as thermosensor? Science 2011;331:1272–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Bierhaus EB, Chapman CR, Merline WJ. Secondary craters on Europa and implications for cratered surfaces. Nature 2005;437:1125–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Holden LG, Prochnow C, Chang YP, Bransteitter R, Chelico L, Sen U, et al. Crystal structure of the anti-viral APOBEC3G catalytic domain and functional implications. Nature 2008;456:121–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Ratliff TA. The Laboratory Quality Assurance System. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Béchet D, Dikovsky A, editors. Logical Aspects of Computational Linguistics: 7th International Conference, LACL 2012, Nantes, France, July 2-4, 2012. Proceedings. vol. 7351. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Nazaikinskii V, Schulze B-W, Sternin B. Elliptic Operators on Noncompact Manifolds. In: Schulze B-W, Sternin B, editors. The Localization Problem in Index Theory of Elliptic Operators, Basel: Springer; 2014, p. 71–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Manufacturing Letters.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Does Size Really Matter? IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: FCC Should Evaluate the Efficiency and Effectiveness of the Lifeline Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Odom SA. Electronic health records: Overcoming obstacles to improve acceptance and utilization for mental health clinicians. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Walsh MW. Contractor’s Work Faulted At U.S. Pension Guarantor. New York Times 2011:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleManufacturing Letters
AbbreviationManuf. Lett.
ISSN (print)2213-8463
ScopeIndustrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

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