How to format your references using the Neuropsychiatric Electrophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropsychiatric Electrophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Neuzil CE. Osmotic generation of “anomalous” fluid pressures in geological environments. Nature. 2000;403:182–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Porteus MH, Baltimore D. Chimeric nucleases stimulate gene targeting in human cells. Science. 2003;300:763.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lee MG, Park HS, Hwang HS. Detection of a large-scale structure of intracluster globular clusters in the Virgo cluster. Science. 2010;328:334–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Rosa EA, Tuler SP, Fischhoff B, Webler T, Friedman SM, Sclove RE, et al. Nuclear waste: knowledge waste? Science. 2010;329:762–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Giesbrecht FG, Gumpertz ML. Planning, Construction, and Statistical Analysis of Comparative Experiments: Giesbrecht/Comparative Experiments. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Nimmerjahn F, editor. Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of Antibody Activity. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Altalag A, Road J, Wilcox P. Respiratory Muscle Function & Other Pulmonary Function Studies. In: Road J, Altalag A, editors. Pulmonary Function Tests in Clinical Practice. London: Springer; 2009. p. 81–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropsychiatric Electrophysiology.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Bacteria Can Make Zero-Viscosity Superfluids [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. State Department: Problems in the Diplomatic Courier System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Feb. Report No.: NSIAD-89-39.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Nguyen M. Therapeutic groups for adults with mental illness and their caregivers: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Baker P, Schmidt MS, Haberman M. Trump Lashes Out At Russia Inquiry And Its Overseers. New York Times. 2017 Jul 19;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropsychiatric Electrophysiology
AbbreviationNeuropsychiatr. Electrophysiol.
ISSN (online)2055-4788

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