How to format your references using the Neuropsychiatric Electrophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropsychiatric Electrophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Nittler LR. Astronomy. Nuclear fossils in stardust. Science. 2004;303:636–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ravizza G, Peucker-Ehrenbrink B. Chemostratigraphic evidence of Deccan volcanism from the marine osmium isotope record. Science. 2003;302:1392–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ginsberg MR, Rubin RA, Natowicz MR. Patterning of regional gene expression in autism: new complexity. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1831.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Gupta GP, Nguyen DX, Chiang AC, Bos PD, Kim JY, Nadal C, et al. Mediators of vascular remodelling co-opted for sequential steps in lung metastasis. Nature. 2007;446:765–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gauthier M, Andreff N, Dombre E. Intracorporeal Robotics. Hoboken, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Derby B, Akhtar R, editors. Mechanical Properties of Aging Soft Tissues. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Neubauer T, Kolb M. An Evaluation of Technologies for the Pseudonymization of Medical Data. In: Lee R, Hu G, Miao H, editors. Computer and Information Science 2009. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 47–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropsychiatric Electrophysiology.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. For The First Time We Have Measured The Temperature Fluctuations Around A Black Hole [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/for-the-first-time-we-have-measured-the-temperature-fluctuations-around-a-black-hole/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Spectrum Management: Incentives, Opportunities, and Testing Needed to Enhance Spectrum Sharing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Nov. Report No.: GAO-13-7.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Liang C-C. Fate of bacterial and viral indicators in an advanced wastewater treatment plant [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Neuman W. Colombia and Rebels Agree to Talks. New York Times. 2014 Dec 4;A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropsychiatric Electrophysiology
AbbreviationNeuropsychiatr. Electrophysiol.
ISSN (online)2055-4788
Scope

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