How to format your references using the Neuropsychiatric Electrophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropsychiatric Electrophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Savage N. Materials science: Super carbon. Nature. 2012;483:S30-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Melville WK, Matusov P. Distribution of breaking waves at the ocean surface. Nature. 2002;417:58–63.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Clauset A, Moore C, Newman MEJ. Hierarchical structure and the prediction of missing links in networks. Nature. 2008;453:98–101.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Seres J, Seres E, Landgraf B, Ecker B, Aurand B, Hoffmann A, et al. Parametric amplification of attosecond pulse trains at 11 nm. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4254.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wong BP, Mittal A, Cao Y, Starr G. Nano-CMOS Circuit and Physical Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Halperin E, Sharvit K, editors. The Social Psychology of Intractable Conflicts: Celebrating the Legacy of Daniel Bar-Tal, Volume I. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Mélin T, Zdrojek M, Brunel D. Electrostatic Force Microscopy and Kelvin Force Microscopy as a Probe of the Electrostatic and Electronic Properties of Carbon Nanotubes. In: Bhushan B, editor. Scanning Probe Microscopy in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 89–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropsychiatric Electrophysiology.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Top World Leaders Pledge To Radically Cut Subsidies For Fossil Fuels [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/top-world-leaders-pledge-cut-subsides-fossil-fuels/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. NASA Maintenance: Stronger Commitment Needed to Curb Facility Deterioration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Dec. Report No.: NSIAD-91-34.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Johnson JG. An Exploration of the Psychosocial Aspects of Weight Among College Students in the College Environment [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Chapman MM. Packard, 81, Is a Youngster to Its Driver. New York Times. 2011 Jul 10;AU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropsychiatric Electrophysiology
AbbreviationNeuropsychiatr. Electrophysiol.
ISSN (online)2055-4788
Scope

Other styles