How to format your references using the Neuropsychiatric Electrophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropsychiatric Electrophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Hyman SE. A glimmer of light for neuropsychiatric disorders. Nature. 2008;455:890–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Watson EB, Harrison TM. Zircon thermometer reveals minimum melting conditions on earliest Earth. Science. 2005;308:841–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Horodecki M, Oppenheim J, Winter A. Partial quantum information. Nature. 2005;436:673–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Orning P, Weng D, Starheim K, Ratner D, Best Z, Lee B, et al. Pathogen blockade of TAK1 triggers caspase-8-dependent cleavage of gasdermin D and cell death. Science. 2018;

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Chen K. Performance Evaluation by Simulation and Analysis with Applications to Computer Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1. Heber-Katz E, Stocum DL, editors. New Perspectives in Regeneration. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Russo V, Marchisio M, Pierdomenico L, Barboni B, Ioannoni A, Valbonetti L, et al. Sheep Calcaneal Tendon Repair Subsequent to Amniotic-Derived Stem Cell Allotransplantation. In: Pugliese A, Gaiti A, Boiti C, editors. Veterinary Science: Current Aspects in Biology, Animal Pathology, Clinic and Food Hygiene. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 27–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropsychiatric Electrophysiology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Fossils Suggest An Aquatic Plant That Bloomed Underwater Was Among First Flowering Plants [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/fossils-suggest-aquatic-plant-bloomed-underwater-was-among-first-flowering-plants/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Review of a Contract for Mobile Radio Sets for the Army. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 Sep. Report No.: PSAD-77-163.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Toler RL. Structural Equation Modeling of Advertising Involvement, Consumer Attitude, and Engagement for Video Advertising in a Social Networking Site [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Williams J. The Bright Side of 2016. New York Times. 2016 Nov 29;BR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropsychiatric Electrophysiology
AbbreviationNeuropsychiatr. Electrophysiol.
ISSN (online)2055-4788
Scope

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