How to format your references using the IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Martinez Arias, “Cell signaling. Frizzled at the cutting edge of the synapse,” Science, vol. 310, no. 5752, pp. 1284–1285, Nov. 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
V. Gupta and K. D. Poss, “Clonally dominant cardiomyocytes direct heart morphogenesis,” Nature, vol. 484, no. 7395, pp. 479–484, Apr. 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
X. Dai, A. Chen, and Z. Bai, “Integrative investigation on breast cancer in ER, PR and HER2-defined subgroups using mRNA and miRNA expression profiling,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6566, Oct. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. H. D. Haddock, C. W. Dunn, P. R. Pugh, and C. E. Schnitzler, “Bioluminescent and red-fluorescent lures in a deep-sea siphonophore,” Science, vol. 309, no. 5732, p. 263, Jul. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. L. Geren, Applying the Building Code. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2016.
An edited book
J. Mikulski, Ed., Telematics - Support for Transport: 14th International Conference on Transport Systems Telematics, TST 2014, Katowice/Kraków/Ustroń, Poland, October 22-25, 2014. Selected Papers, vol. 471. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
S.-K. Kim, J.-M. Han, and M.-Y. Song, “A Social Network System Based on an Ontology in the Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine,” in Recent Trends and Developments in Social Software: International Conferences on Social Software, BlogTalk 2008, Cork, Ireland, March 3-4, 2008, and BlogTalk 2009, Jeju Island, South Korea, September 15-16, 2009. Revised Selected Papers, J. G. Breslin, T. N. Burg, H.-G. Kim, T. Raftery, and J.-H. Schmidt, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010, pp. 46–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, “Elephants Sleep The Least Of Any Mammal – Just Two Hours A Day,” IFLScience, Mar. 02, 2017. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Software Capability Evaluation: VA’s Software Development Process Is Immature,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, AIMD-96-90, Jun. 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G. L. Greene, “An Analysis of the Comparison between Classroom Grades Earned with a Standards-Based Grading System and Grade-Level Assessment Scores as Measured by the Missouri Assessment Program,” Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. J. O. Murphy, “Weekend Entertainments from the Archives of The New York Times,” New York Times, p. C33, Feb. 13, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters
AbbreviationIEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett.
ISSN (print)1545-598X
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles