How to format your references using the IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Gauntlett, “Physics. Brane new worlds,” Nature, vol. 404, no. 6773, pp. 28–29, Mar. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Ahn and A. L. Joyner, “In vivo analysis of quiescent adult neural stem cells responding to Sonic hedgehog,” Nature, vol. 437, no. 7060, pp. 894–897, Oct. 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
N. Dharmasiri, S. Dharmasiri, and M. Estelle, “The F-box protein TIR1 is an auxin receptor,” Nature, vol. 435, no. 7041, pp. 441–445, May 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. P. Douglas, D. R. Vance, E. M. Kenny, D. W. Morris, A. P. Maxwell, and A. J. McKnight, “Next-generation sequencing of the mitochondrial genome and association with IgA nephropathy in a renal transplant population,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 7379, Dec. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Wernecke, Industrielle Feuchtemessung. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2003.
An edited book
A. D. Kaye, N. Vadivelu, and R. D. Urman, Eds., Substance Abuse: Inpatient and Outpatient Management for Every Clinician. New York, NY: Springer, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Li, “Epidemiological Investigation of AIDS,” in Radiology of HIV/AIDS: A Practical Approach, H. Li, Ed., Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014, pp. 25–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Newly discovered hand bone bridges important gap of human evolution,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Aviation Safety: FAA Can Be More Proactive in Promoting Aviation Safety,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, T-RCED-95-81, Jan. 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. T. Alexander, “Can the analytical hierarchy process model be effectively applied in the prioritization of information assurance defense in-depth measures? - a quantitative study,” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Kelly, “Clinton, Off and Running, Sees the Sun Rise on ’93,” New York Times, p. 18, Jan. 02, 1993.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters
AbbreviationIEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett.
ISSN (print)1545-598X
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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