How to format your references using the IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. M. M. Kuypers, “Microbiology: A division of labour combined,” Nature, vol. 528, no. 7583, pp. 487–488, Dec. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Imura and M. Tomonaga, “A ground-like surface facilitates visual search in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes),” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2343, 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. B. Maisel, M. Höfler, and S. Müller, “A canonical stability-elasticity relationship verified for one million face-centred-cubic structures,” Nature, vol. 491, no. 7426, pp. 740–743, Nov. 2012.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. Nakanishi et al., “Thin single-wall BN-nanotubes formed inside carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 1385, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Malina, Delivering Sustainable Buildings. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2013.
An edited book
Y. J. Zhang and J. M. R. S. Tavares, Eds., Computational Modeling of Objects Presented in Images. Fundamentals, Methods, and Applications: 4th International Conference, CompIMAGE 2014, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, September 3-5, 2014, vol. 8641. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Yokoi, K. Matsumura, and Y. Sumi, “Visualization of Life Patterns through Deformation of Maps Based on Users’ Movement Data,” in Active Media Technology: 9th International Conference, AMT 2013, Maebashi, Japan, October 29-31, 2013, Proceedings, T. Yoshida, G. Kou, A. Skowron, J. Cao, H. Hacid, and N. Zhong, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2013, pp. 37–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters.

Blog post
B. Taub, “According To This Study, Drinking Fizzy Drinks Can Have A Disturbing Effect On Your Penis,” IFLScience, 09-Jul-2016. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Comments on ‘The Government Can Be More Productive in Collecting Its Debts by Following Commercial Practices,’” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-194920, Jul. 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Joseph, “A comprehensive evaluation of a school system’s grow your own principal preparation program,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Brantley, “Into a World of Fantasy, Where the Sorcerers Take Center Stage,” New York Times, p. C8, 06-Jan-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters
AbbreviationIEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett.
ISSN (print)1545-598X
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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