How to format your references using the IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Ozbay, “Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions,” Science, vol. 311, no. 5758, pp. 189–193, Jan. 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Medina-Elizalde and E. J. Rohling, “Collapse of Classic Maya civilization related to modest reduction in precipitation,” Science, vol. 335, no. 6071, pp. 956–959, Feb. 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y. Takeuchi, G. Yoshizaki, and T. Takeuchi, “Biotechnology: surrogate broodstock produces salmonids,” Nature, vol. 430, no. 7000, pp. 629–630, Aug. 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. D. Crall et al., “Neonicotinoid exposure disrupts bumblebee nest behavior, social networks, and thermoregulation,” Science, vol. 362, no. 6415, pp. 683–686, Nov. 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. G. Kuehni, Color. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2004.
An edited book
N. Bartolini, S. Nikoletseas, P. Sinha, V. Cardellini, and A. Mahanti, Eds., Quality of Service in Heterogeneous Networks: 6th International ICST Conference on Heterogeneous Networking for Quality, Reliability, Security and Robustness, QShine 2009 and 3rd International Workshop on Advanced Architectures and Algorithms for Internet Delivery and Applications, AAA-IDEA 2009, Las Palmas, Gran Canaria, November 23-25, 2009 Proceedings, vol. 22. in Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, vol. 22. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
J. D. Sanders and D. V. Jeste, “Neurobiological Basis of Personal Wisdom,” in The Scientific Study of Personal Wisdom: From Contemplative Traditions to Neuroscience, M. Ferrari and N. M. Weststrate, Eds., Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2013, pp. 99–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, “The Cold Spot As Evidence Of The Multiverse? Not So Fast,” IFLScience, May 18, 2017. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “District of Columbia Charter Schools: Criteria for Awarding School Buildings to Charter Schools Needs Additional Transparency,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-11-263, Mar. 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. B. Crumlish, “Domingo Chileno: An Overture for Orchestra,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Feeney, “An Homage to France,” New York Times, p. NJ9, Jul. 05, 2009.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters
AbbreviationIEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett.
ISSN (print)1545-598X
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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