How to format your references using the IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. P. Dietl, “Ecology: Different worlds,” Nature, vol. 529, no. 7584, pp. 29–30, Jan. 2016.
A journal article with 2 authors
N. Barkai and S. Leibler, “Circadian clocks limited by noise,” Nature, vol. 403, no. 6767, pp. 267–268, Jan. 2000.
A journal article with 3 authors
I. Joughin, B. E. Smith, and B. Medley, “Marine ice sheet collapse potentially under way for the Thwaites Glacier Basin, West Antarctica,” Science, vol. 344, no. 6185, pp. 735–738, May 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F. Zu et al., “Nearly perfect spin filter, spin valve and negative differential resistance effects in a Fe4-based single-molecule junction,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 4838, May 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. A. Ibrahim, Disturbance Analysis for Power Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
S. I. Ismail, N. Sulaiman, and R. Adnan, Eds., Proceedings of the 2nd International Colloquium on Sports Science, Exercise, Engineering and Technology 2015 (ICoSSEET 2015), 1st ed. 2015. Singapore: Springer, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
F. Zhao and F. F. Dai, “Design and Analysis of QVCO with Various Coupling Techniques,” in Low-Noise Low-Power Design for Phase-Locked Loops: Multi-Phase High-Performance Oscillators, F. F. Dai, Ed. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 41–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “3-D pathogen model structure shows why there’s no cure for the common cold,” IFLScience, Oct. 31, 2013. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “[Comments on Customs Commissioner’s Alleged Unauthorized Use of Government Automobiles],” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-210555.22, May 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. J. Finnegan, “Information food webs: A quantitative inquiry using a biological food web methodology,” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Koblin, “Political Bite Gives Colbert Ratings Edge Over Fallon,” New York Times, p. B3, Feb. 07, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters
AbbreviationIEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett.
ISSN (print)1545-598X
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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