How to format your references using the Mammalian Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mammalian Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Collier, R.J., 2010. Microbiology. Salmonella’s safety catch. Science 328, 981–982.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zoncu, R., Sabatini, D.M., 2011. Cell biology. The TASCC of secretion. Science 332, 923–925.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mukandavire, Z., Smith, D.L., Morris, J.G., Jr, 2013. Cholera in Haiti: reproductive numbers and vaccination coverage estimates. Sci. Rep. 3, 997.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Johnson, M.B., Sun, X., Kodani, A., Borges-Monroy, R., Girskis, K.M., Ryu, S.C., Wang, P.P., Patel, K., Gonzalez, D.M., Woo, Y.M., Yan, Z., Liang, B., Smith, R.S., Chatterjee, M., Coman, D., Papademetris, X., Staib, L.H., Hyder, F., Mandeville, J.B., Grant, P.E., Im, K., Kwak, H., Engelhardt, J.F., Walsh, C.A., Bae, B.-I., 2018. Aspm knockout ferret reveals an evolutionary mechanism governing cerebral cortical size. Nature 556, 370–375.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bisen, P.S., Raghuvanshi, R., 2013. Emerging Epidemics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Abram, S., Lund, K.A. (Eds.), 2016. Green Ice: Tourism Ecologies in the European High North. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Dudgeon, R., 2016. Emergency Medical Services, in: Wolfson, N., Lerner, A., Roshal, L. (Eds.), Orthopedics in Disasters: Orthopedic Injuries in Natural Disasters and Mass Casualty Events. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 29–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mammalian Biology.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. The iPhone 7’s Tagline Means Something Slightly Naughty In Hong Kong [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Issues and Problems Relating to United States-Japan Trade (No. 110554). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dominguez, Y.C., 2014. Recruitment, training, and support for foster parents of children birth to 4 years: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2016. ‘The Only Girl in the Building.’ New York Times AR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Collier, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Collier, 2010; Zoncu and Sabatini, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zoncu and Sabatini, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Johnson et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleMammalian Biology
AbbreviationMamm. Biol.
ISSN (print)1616-5047
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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