How to format your references using the Behavior Analysis in Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Behavior Analysis in Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Verrijzer, C. P. (2001). Transcription factor IID--not so basal after all. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5537), 2010–2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
Temel, Y., & Jahanshahi, A. (2015). Neuroscience. Treating brain disorders with neuromodulation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6229), 1418–1419.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jeffery, W. R., Strickler, A. G., & Yamamoto, Y. (2004). Migratory neural crest-like cells form body pigmentation in a urochordate embryo. Nature, 431(7009), 696–699.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ferraroli, S., Georges, J.-Y., Gaspar, P., & Le Maho, Y. (2004). Endangered species: where leatherback turtles meet fisheries. Nature, 429(6991), 521–522.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stamp, M. (2005). Information Security. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tweedale, J. W., Neves-Silva, R., Jain, L. C., Phillips-Wren, G., Watada, J., & Howlett, R. J. (Eds.). (2016). Intelligent Decision Technology Support in Practice (1st ed. 2016., Vol. 42). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Lu, P., Liu, Q., & Guo, J. (2016). Camera Calibration Implementation Based on Zhang Zhengyou Plane Method. In Y. Jia, J. Du, H. Li, & W. Zhang (Eds.), Proceedings of the 2015 Chinese Intelligent Systems Conference: Volume 1 (pp. 29–40). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Behavior Analysis in Practice.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, December 6). Cassini Begins Its Ring-Grazing Orbits Of Saturn. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). GAO and Federal Government ADP Procurement (No. 100060). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tarar, W. A. (2008). A New Finite Element Procedure for Fatigue Life Predictionand High Strain Rate Assessment of Cold Worked Advanced High Strength Steel (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Alcindor, Y. (2017, July 7). ‘Auntie Maxine,’ House Veteran Who’s Had It Up to Here With Trump. New York Times, p. A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Verrijzer 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Temel and Jahanshahi 2015; Verrijzer 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Temel and Jahanshahi 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Ferraroli et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleBehavior Analysis in Practice
AbbreviationBehav. Anal. Pract.
ISSN (print)1998-1929
ISSN (online)2196-8934

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