How to format your references using the Behavior Analysis in Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Behavior Analysis in Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chamberlin, R. V. (2000). Mean-field cluster model for the critical behaviour of ferromagnets. Nature, 408(6810), 337–339.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xia, Y., & Gong, J.-P. (2014). Impact of recombinant globular adiponectin on early warm ischemia-reperfusion injury in rat bile duct after liver transplantation. Scientific reports, 4, 6426.
A journal article with 3 authors
Turner, W. R., Oppenheimer, M., & Wilcove, D. S. (2009). A force to fight global warming. Nature, 462(7271), 278–279.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gravenor, M. B., Cox, D. R., Hoinville, L. J., Hoek, A., & McLean, A. R. (2000). Scrapie in Britain during the BSE years. Nature, 406(6796), 584–585.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coe, J. T. (2000). Unlikely Victory: How General Electric Succeeded in the Chemical Industry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Latifi, R. (Ed.). (2013). Surgery of Complex Abdominal Wall Defects. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Marín-Arroyo, A. B. (2013). New Opportunities for Previously Excavated Sites: Paleoeconomy as a Human Evolutionary Indicator at Tabun Cave (Israel). In J. L. Clark & J. D. Speth (Eds.), Zooarchaeology and Modern Human Origins: Human Hunting Behavior during the Later Pleistocene (pp. 59–75). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Behavior Analysis in Practice.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, December 21). Antimatter Breakthrough Sheds Light On Matter’s Shadowy Twin. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Reimbursable Space Act Agreements: NASA Generally Adhering to Fair Reimbursement Controls, but Guidance on Waived Cost Justifications Needs Refinement (No. GAO-11-553R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duncan, K. F. (2016). Middle school teachers’ self-perceptions of response to intervention (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koniak, S. P., Cohen, G. M., Dana, D. A., & Ross, T. (2010, April 4). How Washington Abetted the Bank Job. New York Times, p. WK10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chamberlin 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Chamberlin 2000; Xia and Gong 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xia and Gong 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Gravenor et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleBehavior Analysis in Practice
AbbreviationBehav. Anal. Pract.
ISSN (print)1998-1929
ISSN (online)2196-8934

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