How to format your references using the Behavior Analysis in Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Behavior Analysis in Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morr, D. K. (2014). Physics. Lifting the fog of complexity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6169), 382–383.
A journal article with 2 authors
Beuther, H., & Schilke, P. (2004). Fragmentation in massive star formation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5661), 1167–1169.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alboussière, T., Deguen, R., & Melzani, M. (2010). Melting-induced stratification above the Earth’s inner core due to convective translation. Nature, 466(7307), 744–747.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nicol, S., Pauly, T., Bindoff, N. L., Wright, S., Thiele, D., Hosie, G. W., et al. (2000). Ocean circulation off east Antarctica affects ecosystem structure and sea-ice extent. Nature, 406(6795), 504–507.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rooney, T. (2010). IP Address Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kitchen, J., Tidwell, D., & Fitzgerald, L. (Eds.). (2016). Self-Study and Diversity II: Inclusive Teacher Education for a Diverse World. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Gerosa, M., Marconi, A., Pistore, M., & Traverso, P. (2015). An Open Platform for Children’s Independent Mobility. In M. Helfert, K.-H. Krempels, C. Klein, B. Donellan, & O. Guiskhin (Eds.), Smart Cities, Green Technologies, and Intelligent Transport Systems: 4th International Conference, SMARTGREENS 2015, and 1st International Conference VEHITS 2015, Lisbon, Portugal, May 20-22, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 50–71). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Behavior Analysis in Practice.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 15). Scientists Find Bacteria That “Breathe” Uranium. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Drug Control: Status of Plan to Use Federal Research and Development Facilities (No. NSIAD-90-7BR). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Havill, N. L. (2012). Therapeutic landscapes for birth: A research synthesis (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, J. (2017, September 7). Kaepernick’s Conscience. New York Times, p. SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morr 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Beuther and Schilke 2004; Morr 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Beuther and Schilke 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Nicol et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleBehavior Analysis in Practice
AbbreviationBehav. Anal. Pract.
ISSN (print)1998-1929
ISSN (online)2196-8934

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