How to format your references using the Behavior Analysis in Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Behavior Analysis in Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, M. (2010). Whole-animal imaging: The whole picture. Nature, 463(7283), 977–980.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, W. L., & Grinstein, S. (2004). Immunology. The tangled webs that neutrophils weave. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5663), 1477–1478.
A journal article with 3 authors
MacLeod, N., Benfield, M., & Culverhouse, P. (2010). Time to automate identification. Nature, 467(7312), 154–155.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, J., Xie, K., Wei, H., Qin, Q., Qi, W., Yang, L., et al. (2014). In situ formation of oxygen vacancy in perovskite Sr(0.95)Ti(0.8)Nb(0.1)M(0.1)O3 (M = Mn, Cr) toward efficient carbon dioxide electrolysis. Scientific reports, 4, 7082.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wootton, R. J., & Smith, C. (2014). Reproductive Biology of Teleost Fishes. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Behrndt, J., Förster, K.-H., & Trunk, C. (Eds.). (2010). Recent Advances in Operator Theory in Hilbert and Krein Spaces (Vol. 198). Basel: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Bravetti, M., Latella, D., Loreti, M., Massink, M., & Zavattaro, G. (2009). Combining Timed Coordination Primitives and Probabilistic Tuple Spaces. In C. Kaklamanis & F. Nielson (Eds.), Trustworthy Global Computing: 4th International Symposium, TGC 2008, Barcelona, Spain, November 3-4, 2008, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 52–68). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Behavior Analysis in Practice.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, June 24). British Astronaut Tim Peake’s Space Photography Is Absolutely Awe-Inspiring. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Unmanned Carrier-Based Aircraft System: Debate over System’s Role Led to Focus on Aerial Refueling (No. GAO-16-389R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cappiello, D. M. (2010). Minding the gap: Western export controls and soviet technology policy during the 1960s (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Aikins, M. (2016, May 17). Reading the Wreckage. New York Times, p. MM37.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Baker 2010; Lee and Grinstein 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Grinstein 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBehavior Analysis in Practice
AbbreviationBehav. Anal. Pract.
ISSN (print)1998-1929
ISSN (online)2196-8934

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