How to format your references using the Computational Methods and Function Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Methods and Function Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pourquié, O.: The segmentation clock: converting embryonic time into spatial pattern. Science. 301, 328–330 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Kalinin, S.V., Spaldin, N.A.: Materials science. Functional ion defects in transition metal oxides. Science. 341, 858–859 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Beldade, P., Brakefield, P.M., Long, A.D.: Contribution of Distal-less to quantitative variation in butterfly eyespots. Nature. 415, 315–318 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Headland, S.E., Jones, H.R., D’Sa, A.S.V., Perretti, M., Norling, L.V.: Cutting-edge analysis of extracellular microparticles using ImageStream(X) imaging flow cytometry. Sci. Rep. 4, 5237 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tasman, A., Kay, J., Ursano, R.J.: The Psychiatric Interview. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford (2013)
An edited book
Wakabayashi, I., Groschner, K. eds: Interdisciplinary Concepts in Cardiovascular Health: Volume III: Cardiovascular Events. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Luo, M., Zheng, Q., Liu, J.: Distributed Extreme Learning Machine with Alternating Direction Method of Multiplier. In: Cao, J., Mao, K., Wu, J., and Lendasse, A. (eds.) Proceedings of ELM-2015 Volume 2: Theory, Algorithms and Applications (II). pp. 43–54. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Methods and Function Theory.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: The Strangest Animals You’ve Never Heard Of


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Airport Financing: Annual Funding As Much As $3 Billion Less Than Planned Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1999)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Genc, A.: Phase Stability in Metallic Multilayers, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S.: After Celebrating Winning Bid, Russia Has Work Ahead, (2007)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Methods and Function Theory
AbbreviationComput. Methods Funct. Theory
ISSN (print)1617-9447
ISSN (online)2195-3724

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