How to format your references using the Computational Methods and Function Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Methods and Function Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Skinner, L.: Climate change. A long view on climate sensitivity. Science. 337, 917–919 (2012)
A journal article with 2 authors
Rodell, C.B., Burdick, J.A.: Materials science: Radicals promote magnetic gel assembly. Nature. 514, 574–575 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Naeem, S., Hahn, D.R., Schuurman, G.: Producer-decomposer co-dependency influences biodiversity effects. Nature. 403, 762–764 (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Weinstock, I.A., Barbuzzi, E.M., Wemple, M.W., Cowan, J.J., Reiner, R.S., Sonnen, D.M., Heintz, R.A., Bond, J.S., Hill, C.L.: Equilibrating metal-oxide cluster ensembles for oxidation reactions using oxygen in water. Nature. 414, 191–195 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glisic, S.: Advanced Wireless Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2016)
An edited book
Li, F., Shim, K., Zheng, K., Liu, G. eds: Web Technologies and Applications: 18th Asia-Pacific Web Conference, APWeb 2016, Suzhou, China, September 23-25, 2016. Proceedings, Part I. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Menchetti, P.P.M., Bini, W.: Percutaneous Treatment in Lumbar Disc Herniation. In: Menchetti, P.P.M. (ed.) Minimally Invasive Surgery of the Lumbar Spine. pp. 83–105. Springer, London (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Methods and Function Theory.

Blog post
Davis, J.: Al Gore Tells IFLScience, When It Comes To Climate Change, “We Will Win,”


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Transportation Infrastructure: Better Tools Needed for Making Decisions on Using ISTEA Funds Flexibly. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1993)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gage, J.D.: An inconsistency-based approach for sensing assessment in unknown environments, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B.: Betting on Zero, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Methods and Function Theory
AbbreviationComput. Methods Funct. Theory
ISSN (print)1617-9447
ISSN (online)2195-3724

Other styles