How to format your references using the Mammal Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mammal Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Canup RM (2015) Solar System: An incredible likeness of being. Nature 520:169–170
A journal article with 2 authors
Wennerås C, Wold A (2000) A chair of one’s own. Nature 408:647
A journal article with 3 authors
Gu M, Kang H, Li X (2014) Breaking the diffraction-limited resolution barrier in fiber-optical two-photon fluorescence endoscopy by an azimuthally-polarized beam. Sci Rep 4:3627
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Stevens DR, Seifert R, Bufe B, et al (2001) Hyperpolarization-activated channels HCN1 and HCN4 mediate responses to sour stimuli. Nature 413:631–635

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stratton JA (2015) Electromagnetic Theory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Prouff E (ed) (2011) Smart Card Research and Advanced Applications: 10th IFIP WG 8.8/11.2 International Conference, CARDIS 2011, Leuven, Belgium, September 14-16, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Caine D, Mei-Dan O (2016) Epidemiology of Pediatric and Adolescent Injury in Adventure and Extreme Sports. In: Caine D, Purcell L (eds) Injury in Pediatric and Adolescent Sports: Epidemiology, Treatment and Prevention. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 69–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mammal Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Four Times As Many Men As Women Are Diagnosed With Cannabis Psychosis. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/four-times-many-men-women-are-diagnosed-cannabis-psychosis/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Public Transportation: Transit Agencies’ Actions to Address Increased Ridership Demand and Options to Help Meet Future Demand. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Solomon RB (2017) Analysis of Emergency Responder Preparedness to Active Shooter Incidents in Santa Barbara, Ventura, Los Angeles, and Riverside Counties. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2001) Challenging Coffee in Manhattan, and Taking a Lump or 2. New York Times 145

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Canup 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Wennerås and Wold 2000; Canup 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wennerås and Wold 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Stevens et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleMammal Research
AbbreviationMamm. Res.
ISSN (print)2199-2401
ISSN (online)2199-241X
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles