How to format your references using the Mammal Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mammal Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Waal FBM (2013) Behavior. Animal conformists. Science 340:437–438
A journal article with 2 authors
Kai T, Spradling A (2004) Differentiating germ cells can revert into functional stem cells in Drosophila melanogaster ovaries. Nature 428:564–569
A journal article with 3 authors
Romero R, Dey SK, Fisher SJ (2014) Preterm labor: one syndrome, many causes. Science 345:760–765
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Luo J, Wang X, Li S, et al (2018) Efficient and stable emission of warm-white light from lead-free halide double perovskites. Nature 563:541–545

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Diamond N (2013) Between Skins. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford
An edited book
Pitt KA, Purcell JE (eds) (2009) Jellyfish Blooms: Causes, Consequences, and Recent Advances: Proceedings of the Second International Jellyfish Blooms Symposium, held at the Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, 24–27 June, 2007. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Hauschild W, Lemke E (2014) Measurement of Dielectric Properties. In: Lemke E (ed) High-Voltage Test and Measuring Techniques. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 233–248

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mammal Research.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Climate Change Is Causing Chilean Mummies To Melt Into Black Sludge. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/climate-change-chilean-mummies-melt-black-sludge/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Information Technology: Leading Commercial Practices for Outsourcing of Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Springborn T (2017) The Importance of Teacher/Student Relationships. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2009) Districts Pursue School-Closing Plans to Save Money. New York Times LI5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Waal 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Kai and Spradling 2004; de Waal 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kai and Spradling 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Luo et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleMammal Research
AbbreviationMamm. Res.
ISSN (print)2199-2401
ISSN (online)2199-241X
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles