How to format your references using the Magnetic Resonance Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Magnetic Resonance Imaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Rabiner L. Computer science. The power of speech. Science 2003;301:1494–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Allen MR, Stainforth DA. Towards objective probabalistic climate forecasting. Nature 2002;419:228.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
McDermott F, Mattey DP, Hawkesworth C. Centennial-scale Holocene climate variability revealed by a high-resolution speleothem delta 18O record from SW Ireland. Science 2001;294:1328–31.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Rauch H, Lemmel H, Baron M, Loidl R. Measurement of a confinement induced neutron phase. Nature 2002;417:630–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Rosenbaum J, Pearl J. Investment Banking. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
[1]
Gudipati MS, Castillo-Rogez J, editors. The Science of Solar System Ices. vol. 356. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Jan D, Janusz P. Concurrent Development of Products, Processes and Manufacturing Systems in PLM Environments. In: Pokojski J, Fukuda S, Salwiński J, editors. New World Situation: New Directions in Concurrent Engineering: Proceedings of the 17th ISPE International Conference on Concurrent Engineering, London: Springer; 2010, p. 43–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. How To Fix All Of Your Sleep Problems With Science. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/how-to-fix-all-of-your-sleep-problems-with-science/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. International Aviation: Better Data on Code-Sharing Needed by DOT for Monitoring and Decisionmaking. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Barkley WC. Mars rover - Laser focusing and optimization. Doctoral dissertation. University of California San Diego, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Vecsey G. Jerry Coleman, 89, Yankee Infielder, Fighter Pilot and Voice of the Padres. New York Times 2014:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMagnetic Resonance Imaging
AbbreviationMagn. Reson. Imaging
ISSN (print)0730-725X
ScopeBiophysics
Biomedical Engineering
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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