How to format your references using the Magnetic Resonance Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Magnetic Resonance Imaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Lenski RE. Twice as natural. Nature 2001;414:255.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Trainor P, Krumlauf R. Development. Riding the crest of the Wnt signaling wave. Science 2002;297:781–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Rau AV, Dunningham JA, Burnett K. Measurement-induced relative-position localization through entanglement. Science 2003;301:1081–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
von Dohlen CD, Kohler S, Alsop ST, McManus WR. Mealybug beta-proteobacterial endosymbionts contain gamma-proteobacterial symbionts. Nature 2001;412:433–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Stewart JM. Managing for World Class Safety. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2001.
An edited book
[1]
Mula M, editor. Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of Epilepsy. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Sanfelice Bazanella A, Campestrini L, Eckhard D. Convergence to the Globally Optimal Controller. In: Campestrini L, Eckhard D, editors. Data-Driven Controller Design: The H2 Approach, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012, p. 89–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Newly Discovered 17th Century Document Described Now-Extinct Mauritian Wildlife. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Polar Weather Satellites: NOAA Identified Ways to Mitigate Data Gaps, but Contingency Plans and Schedules Require Further Attention. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Markarian LA. Strengths, challenges, and quality of life of ALS caregivers. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton Predicts Bush Will Trim Social Security. New York Times 1992:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMagnetic Resonance Imaging
AbbreviationMagn. Reson. Imaging
ISSN (print)0730-725X
ScopeBiophysics
Biomedical Engineering
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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