How to format your references using the Magnetic Resonance Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Magnetic Resonance Imaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Palme H. Planetary science. A new solar system basalt. Science 2002;296:271–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Stebbins CE, Galán JE. Maintenance of an unfolded polypeptide by a cognate chaperone in bacterial type III secretion. Nature 2001;414:77–81.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Akoulitchev S, Chuikov S, Reinberg D. TFIIH is negatively regulated by cdk8-containing mediator complexes. Nature 2000;407:102–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Gizzi AS, Grove TL, Arnold JJ, Jose J, Jangra RK, Garforth SJ, et al. Publisher Correction: A naturally occurring antiviral ribonucleotide encoded by the human genome. Nature 2018;562:E3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Vanclef J. The Wealth Code 2.0. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Madhavan R, Tunstel E, Messina E, editors. Performance Evaluation and Benchmarking of Intelligent Systems. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Andrä J, Gutsmann T, Müller M, Schromm AB. Interactions between Lipid A and Serum Proteins. In: Jeannin J-F, editor. Lipid A in Cancer Therapy, New York, NY: Springer; 2010, p. 39–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Impact Glass Detected On Mars Might Contain Organic Matter. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/impact-glass-detected-mars-might-contain-organic-matter/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Status of the Research Fleet of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Tan-atichat TP. Behavior of VNC in high-latency environments and techniques for improvement. Doctoral dissertation. University of California San Diego, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Koblin J. President’s First Days Keep Networks’ Ratings Strong. New York Times 2017:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMagnetic Resonance Imaging
AbbreviationMagn. Reson. Imaging
ISSN (print)0730-725X
ScopeBiophysics
Biomedical Engineering
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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