How to format your references using the Ageing International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ageing International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McKinnon, W. B. (2012). Planetary science. The strangest terrestrial planet. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6078), 162–163.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kastan, M. B., & Bartek, J. (2004). Cell-cycle checkpoints and cancer. Nature, 432(7015), 316–323.
A journal article with 3 authors
Glaser, A., Barak, B., & Goldston, R. J. (2014). A zero-knowledge protocol for nuclear warhead verification. Nature, 510(7506), 497–502.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Asselin-Labat, M.-L., Vaillant, F., Sheridan, J. M., Pal, B., Wu, D., Simpson, E. R., et al. (2010). Control of mammary stem cell function by steroid hormone signalling. Nature, 465(7299), 798–802.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vilensky, J. A., Robertson, W. M., & Suárez-Quian, C. A. (2015). The Clinical Anatomy of the Cranial Nerves. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Roberts, F. (2014). Lee’s Ophthalmic Histopathology. (C. K. Thum, Ed.) (3rd ed. 2014.). London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lemle, E., Bomkamp, K., Williams, M. K., & Cutbirth, E. (2015). Virtual Reality and the Future of Entertainment. In K. Bomkamp, M. K. Williams, & E. Cutbirth (Eds.), Two Bit Circus and the Future of Entertainment (pp. 25–37). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ageing International.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2014, November 26). The Science Of Orgasms. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Federal Research: Information on the Government’s Right to Assert Ownership Control over Federally Funded Inventions (No. GAO-09-742). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Song, X. (2015). A New Estimating Equation Based Approach for Secondary Trait Analyses in Genetic Case-control Studies (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Callahan, K. (2011, August 15). Quotation Of The Day. New York Times, p. A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McKinnon 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Kastan and Bartek 2004; McKinnon 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kastan and Bartek 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Asselin-Labat et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgeing International
AbbreviationAgeing Int.
ISSN (print)0163-5158
ISSN (online)1936-606X
ScopeHealth(social science)

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