How to format your references using the Ageing International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ageing International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Panksepp, J. (2003). Neuroscience. Feeling the pain of social loss. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5643), 237–239.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stappenbeck, T. S., & Miyoshi, H. (2009). The role of stromal stem cells in tissue regeneration and wound repair. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5935), 1666–1669.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kelley, A. M., Michalet, X., & Weiss, S. (2001). Chemical physics. Single-molecule spectroscopy comes of age. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5522), 1671–1672.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Young, D. A., Wright, A. P., Roberts, J. L., Warner, R. C., Young, N. W., Greenbaum, J. S., et al. (2011). A dynamic early East Antarctic Ice Sheet suggested by ice-covered fjord landscapes. Nature, 474(7349), 72–75.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Willan, A. R., & Briggs, A. H. (2006). Statistical Analysis of Cost-effectiveness Data. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Berenson, G. S. (Ed.). (2011). Evolution of Cardio-Metabolic Risk from Birth to Middle Age: The Bogalusa Heart Study. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Arestis, P., da Silva Bichara, J., Cunha, A. M., & Filho, F. F. (2016). Brazil after the Great Recession: Searching for a Coherent Development Strategy. In A. W. Pereira & L. Mattei (Eds.), The Brazilian Economy Today: Towards a New Socio-Economic Model? (pp. 88–120). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ageing International.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, December 27). What Is The Ideal “Golden Number” Of Previous Sexual Partners For Men And Women? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Satellite Control Systems: Opportunity for DOD to Implement Space Policy and Integrate Capabilities (No. NSIAD-99-81). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Esmaili, G. (2006). Application of Advanced Power Electronics in Renewable Energy Sources and Hybrid Generating Systems (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J. (2017, July 17). In Rare Move, K.K.R. Picks Possible Heirs To Founders. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Panksepp 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Panksepp 2003; Stappenbeck and Miyoshi 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stappenbeck and Miyoshi 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Young et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgeing International
AbbreviationAgeing Int.
ISSN (print)0163-5158
ISSN (online)1936-606X
ScopeHealth(social science)

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