How to format your references using the Ageing International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ageing International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Luo, Z.-X. (2010). Journal club. A palaeontologist ponders how genes and fossils can illuminate mammalian evolution. Nature, 465(7299), 669.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, J., & Chan, F. K.-M. (2014). Cell biology. RIPK3 takes another deadly turn. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6177), 1322–1323.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta, G., Jalil, M. B. A., & Liang, G. (2014). Evaluation of mobility in thin Bi2Se3 topological insulator for prospects of local electrical interconnects. Scientific reports, 4, 6838.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kumar, P., Wu, H., McBride, J. L., Jung, K.-E., Kim, M. H., Davidson, B. L., et al. (2007). Transvascular delivery of small interfering RNA to the central nervous system. Nature, 448(7149), 39–43.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chevallier, J., & Ielpo, F. (2013). The Economics of Commodity Markets. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Guelfi, N. (Ed.). (2005). Rapid Integration of Software Engineering Techniques: First International Workshop, RISE 2004, Luxembourg-Kirchberg, Luxembourg, November 26, 2004. Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 3475). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Estermann, I. (2011). Applications of Molecular Beams to Problems in Rarefied Gas Dynamics. In C. Ferrari (Ed.), Dinamica dei gas rarefatti (pp. 267–304). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ageing International.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, October 21). This Bike Lock Sprays Thieves With A Vomit-Inducing Substance. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Civilian Agencies’ Management and Use of Aircraft (No. T-GGD-88-15). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lanigan, L. G. (2012). Effects of Two Cancer Genes, HTLV-1 Tax and E-Cadherin, on Cancer Development and Progression (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D., & Stolberg, S. G. (2017, October 26). Senator Goes From Trump Target to Cheerleader as Some in G.O.P. Bolt. New York Times, p. A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Luo 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Luo 2010; Zhang and Chan 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang and Chan 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Kumar et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgeing International
AbbreviationAgeing Int.
ISSN (print)0163-5158
ISSN (online)1936-606X
ScopeHealth(social science)

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