How to format your references using the Ageing International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ageing International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kessler, F. (2012). Plant science. Chloroplast delivery by UPS. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6107), 622–623.
A journal article with 2 authors
Westhof, E., & Massire, C. (2004). Structural biology. Evolution of RNA architecture. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5693), 62–63.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, J., Lesser, C. F., & Lory, S. (2008). The essential role of the CopN protein in Chlamydia pneumoniae intracellular growth. Nature, 456(7218), 112–115.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lyapina, S., Cope, G., Shevchenko, A., Serino, G., Tsuge, T., Zhou, C., et al. (2001). Promotion of NEDD-CUL1 conjugate cleavage by COP9 signalosome. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5520), 1382–1385.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Steland, A. (2012). Financial Statistics and Mathematical Finance. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hörner, W., Döbert, H., Reuter, L. R., & Kopp, B. von (Eds.). (2015). The Education Systems of Europe (2nd ed. 2015.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Chow, J. H., & Galarza, R. J. (2013). Excitation System Aggregation. In J. H. Chow (Ed.), Power System Coherency and Model Reduction (pp. 73–90). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ageing International.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, May 3). Biotech Company Granted Ethical Permission To Attempt To Use Stem Cells To Reactivate The Brains Of The Dead. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Medicare Information Technology: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Needs to Pursue a Solution for Removing Social Security Numbers from Cards (No. GAO-13-761). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gikiri, M. M. (2012). Effects of attitude, norms, and perceived behavior control on intentions to become a teen father (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1998, August 2). A Life Spent In the Past, Of a Fashion. New York Times, p. 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kessler 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Kessler 2012; Westhof and Massire 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Westhof and Massire 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Lyapina et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgeing International
AbbreviationAgeing Int.
ISSN (print)0163-5158
ISSN (online)1936-606X
ScopeHealth(social science)

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