How to format your references using the Ageing International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ageing International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spielmann, C. (2014). Ultrafast dynamics. Electrons take the fast track through silicon. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6215), 1293–1294.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nisbet, E., & Weiss, R. (2010). Atmospheric science. Top-down versus bottom-up. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5983), 1241–1243.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hamlin, J. K., Wynn, K., & Bloom, P. (2007). Social evaluation by preverbal infants. Nature, 450(7169), 557–559.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dueber, J. E., Yeh, B. J., Chak, K., & Lim, W. A. (2003). Reprogramming control of an allosteric signaling switch through modular recombination. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5641), 1904–1908.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bilbao, S. (2005). Wave and Scattering Methods for Numerical Simulation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bestak, R., Simak, B., & Kozlowska, E. (Eds.). (2007). Personal Wireless Communications: The 12th IFIP International Conference on Personal Wireless Communications (PWC 2007), Prague, Czech Republic, September 2007 (1st ed., Vol. 245). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Yin, Y., Kaku, I., Tang, J., & Zhu, J. (2011). Neural Network and Self-organizing Maps. In I. Kaku, J. Tang, & J. Zhu (Eds.), Data Mining: Concepts, Methods and Applications in Management and Engineering Design (pp. 87–100). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ageing International.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 1). Modified Red Blood Cells As Cargo Ships. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs: Distribution of Fiscal Year 2000 Indian Reservation Roads Funds (No. OGC-00-39). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yamada, M. (2008). The role of the TRANSPORT INHIBITOR RESPONSE2 (TIR2) gene in auxin synthesis in Arabidopsis (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J. (2017, January 13). Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, p. MM26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spielmann 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Nisbet and Weiss 2010; Spielmann 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nisbet and Weiss 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Dueber et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgeing International
AbbreviationAgeing Int.
ISSN (print)0163-5158
ISSN (online)1936-606X
ScopeHealth(social science)

Other styles