How to format your references using the Machine Translation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Machine Translation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chandrashekar CM (2013) Two-component Dirac-like Hamiltonian for generating quantum walk on one-, two- and three-dimensional lattices. Sci Rep 3:2829
A journal article with 2 authors
Adesnik H, Scanziani M (2010) Lateral competition for cortical space by layer-specific horizontal circuits. Nature 464:1155–1160
A journal article with 3 authors
Dick HJB, Lin J, Schouten H (2003) An ultraslow-spreading class of ocean ridge. Nature 426:405–412
A journal article with 5 or more authors
König R, Stertz S, Zhou Y, et al (2010) Human host factors required for influenza virus replication. Nature 463:813–817

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rowlinson M (2010) A Practical Guide to the NEC3 Engineering and Construction Contract. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Dumas M, Reichert M, Shan M-C (eds) (2008) Business Process Management: 6th International Conference, BPM 2008, Milan, Italy, September 2-4, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Anthony M (2009) On Constructing Threshold Networks for Pattern Classification. In: Franco L, Elizondo DA, Jerez JM (eds) Constructive Neural Networks. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 71–82

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Machine Translation.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Five edible insects you really should try. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Supplemental Student Loans: Legislative Changes Have Sharply Reduced Loan Volume. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kaplan JW (2014) Not a sonata: A conception of Sonata-Allegro form and a consideration of two marimba works from a Langerian perspective. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2012) Drop Out, Dive In, Start Up. New York Times BU1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chandrashekar 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Adesnik and Scanziani 2010; Chandrashekar 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Adesnik and Scanziani 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (König et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleMachine Translation
AbbreviationMach. Transl.
ISSN (print)0922-6567
ISSN (online)1573-0573
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Artificial Intelligence
Software
Linguistics and Language

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